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Laudon Information systems notes
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  9-1  ©   2011 Pearson Canada Inc. 9   Chapter    Developing Information Systems  9-2  ©   2011 Pearson Canada Inc. Management Information Systems Chapter 9 Developing Information Systems LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you will be able to answer the following questions: 1.How does developing new information systems produce organizational change? 2.What are the core activities in the information systems development process? 3.What are the principal methodologies for modelling and designing information systems? 4.What are the alternative methodologies for developing information systems? 5.What are new approaches for information systems development in the digital firm era?  9-3  ©   2011 Pearson Canada Inc. Management Information Systems Chapter 9 Developing Information Systems Protecting Patients by Tracking Instruments ã Problem:  Inefficient tracking system for instruments at a hospital ã Solutions: Eliminate manual tracking of instruments, implement database, and allow for instruments to be budgeted for, and tracking ã Alex Gold Software increased efficiency and reduced errors in instrument tracking process. ã Demonstrates IT’s role in updating traditional business processes.    9-4  ©   2011 Pearson Canada Inc. Management Information Systems Chapter 9 Developing Information Systems Systems as Planned Organizational Change Degrees of organizational change  – Automation: Mechanizing procedures to speed up the performance of existing tasks  – Rationalization of procedures: The streamlining of standard operating procedures  – Business process reengineering: Redesign of business processes to reorganize workflows and reduce waste and repetitive tasks  – Paradigm shift: Radical reconceptualization of the nature of the both the business and the organization
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