Honeywell Process Solutions. MI Wireless. User Manual. October V 2.3 Honeywell - PDF

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Honeywell Process Solutions MI Wireless User Manual October 2010 V 2.3 Honeywell Table of Contents TABLE OF FIGURES... 5 HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL... 7 SAFETY MESSAGE... 8 ESD... 9 WHAT IS IT?... 9 WHY IS
Honeywell Process Solutions MI Wireless User Manual October 2010 V 2.3 Honeywell Table of Contents TABLE OF FIGURES... 5 HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL... 7 SAFETY MESSAGE... 8 ESD... 9 WHAT IS IT?... 9 WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?... 9 HOW CAN I MINIMIZE THE EFFECTS OF ESD IN THE FIELD? MI WIRELESS ASSEMBLY INTEGRATED ASSEMBLY Security Seal Antennas Modems CONNECTIONS DATA CONNECTIONS Remote Mini-AT Remote ECAT ANTENNA CONNECTIONS Remote Antenna Installation Remote Antenna Installation Tips POWER CONNECTIONS Solar Panel Mounting Solar Assembly Testing and Troubleshooting the Solar Assembly ThermoElectric Charger Assembly PGI Tec TEC-2 Installation Filter Fuel Connections TEC Wiring Starting the TEC Before starting Starting the charger Shutting down Troubleshooting AC Hybrid Dual Alkaline OTHER CONNECTIONS Modem Power Control Battery Voltage Monitor Adapter Safety Barriers CELLULAR EVOLUTION CELLULAR TECHNOLOGIES TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) GSM (Global Systems for Mobile Communications) WHY SWITCH FROM ANALOG? SWITCHING METHODS Circuit Switched Packet Switched HYPERTERMINAL CELLULAR MODEM SETUP Establishing CDMA Cellular Service (Provisioning) iden Service Provisioning: GSM/GPRS/EDGE Service Provisioning: GPRS/EDGE Activation CDMA Activation EVDO Activation -Verizon EVDO Activation Other carriers Configuration and Programming Serial or USB Modem Configuration Status Checking Ethernet Modem Configuration MODEM STATUS LIGHTS MODEM ESN/IMEI LOCATION CIRCUIT SWITCHED TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE LOOK AT THE OUTSIDE OF THE MODEM TRY TO CALL THE MODEM TRY DIALING FROM THE MODEM CELLULAR MODEM QUICK COMMAND REFERENCE PACKET SWITCHED TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE LOOK AT THE OUTSIDE OF THE MODEM RUN WIRELESS ACE MAKE A CONNECTION INSTRUMENT CONFIGURATION CELLULAR GATEWAY APPLICATION SPREAD SPECTRUM RADIO FEATURES SYSTEM DESIGN NETWORK DESIGN FEG setup Ethernet Master Radio Setup Serial Remote Slave/Repeater Testing GLOSSARY A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P R Q S T U W... Error! Bookmark not defined. X REVISION LOG Table of Figures Figure 1 MI Wireless Mounts Figure 2: Portable assembly Figure 3: Instrument Data Connection Figure 4: Data Terminal Figure 5: Bottom of Enclosure Figure 6: Connection Kit Figure 7: SCI Board Figure 8: Case-mounted Antenna Figure 9: Modem Connections Figure 10: Remote Antenna Installation Diagram Figure 11: Solar Panel Mount Figure 12: Terminal Block Figure 13: Solar Panel Assembly Figure 14 Battery, Connector, and Fuse Figure 15 DC Outgoing Power Figure 16 Terminal block with VREG Figure 17 SunSaver Solar Controller Figure 18: Battery Connection Figure 19: Battery Interface Module Figure 20 Terminal block with VREG Figure 21: Bottom of Assembly Figure 22: TEC-2 Layout Figure 23: TEC-2 Cabling Figure 24: AC Power Figure 25: AC Hybrid Wiring Figure 26: Power Terminal Block Figure 27: AC power entrance Figure 28 Battery, Connector, and Fuse Figure 29 Terminal block with VREG Figure 30 SunSaver Solar Controller Figure 31: Dual Alkaline Assembly Figure 32: Modem Power Control Board Figure 33: Instrument Terminal Block Figure 34: Wiring into enclosure Figure 35: Serial Barrier Figure 36: Power Barrier Figure 37: EDGE Modem Figure 38: SIM Card Holder Figure 39: SIM Card Tray Figure 40: Raven XT SIM card Figure 41: Airlink Support Page Figure 42 Connect to Modem with PPP Figure 43 Info Screen Figure 44: Status Screen Figure 45 Serial Configuration Figure 46 UDP Menu Figure 47 Passthru Menu Figure 48: CDMA/EVDO Menu Figure 49: Misc menu Figure 50: Other Menu Figure 51 Use SOS Mode Figure 52 Hyperterminal Settings Figure 53: Connecting to Ethernet Modem Figure 54 Info Screen Figure 55: Status Screen Figure 56: CDMA/EVDO Menu Figure 57: Misc menu Figure 58: Other Menu Figure 59: CDMA Modem LEDs Figure 60: Raven-E EVDO Figure 61: Raven GPRS/EDGE Figure 62: Raven XT Figure 63: Cellular Gateway with Terminal Server How to Use This Manual The information provided in this document is intended to provide detailed information on the installation and setup of the MI Wireless assembly. Due to the nature of its design, some of the configurations and features described herein may not apply to a particular device. In addition to this detailed manual, it is recommended that you review the Customer Connection drawings and manufacturer component manuals for your specific MI Wireless Assembly. 7 Safety Message During normal operation, this device may be connected to systems and devices including, but not limited to, gas transmission and distribution systems, gas measurement equipment, power devices, and external antennas. This manual covers details specific to the MI Wireless instrumentation and/or communications assembly and is not meant to take precedence over any existing operational or safety requirement. Please observe all applicable safety procedures, local codes and ordinances, operating instructions, and company procedures and policies in the installation and operation of this device. If a conflict does exist between the operation of this device and established procedures, contact the appropriate authority for resolution. 8 What is it? ESD Static electricity is defined as an electrical charge caused by an imbalance of electrons on the surface of a material. ESD (Electrostatic Discharge) is defined as the transfer of charge between bodies at different electrical potentials. Electrostatic is most commonly created by the contact and separation of two materials, known as Triboelectric charging. The account of charge generated is affected by the type of materials, the area of contact, speed of separation, relative humidity and other factors. It s like walking across a carpet in winter (humidity is lower in winter) and then touching a grounded object. The table below shows typical voltage levels and effect of relative humidity (RH) on voltage levels. Typical Static Generation Levels Means of Generation 10-25% RH 65-90% RH Walking across Carpet 35,000 volts 1,500 volts Walking across tile floor 12,000 volts 250 volts Poly bag picked up from bench 20,000 volts 1,200 volts Why is this important? It has been estimated that on average 27 to 33 percent of end-user equipment failures could be caused by ESD. ESD damages electronic components in two ways; complete failure or degraded operation. The minimum perceivable static charge voltage level is approximately 3,500 volts. As shown in the table below, the voltage levels necessary to damage most classes of electronic components is well below the level where we can perceive the charge. *HMB ESDS Component Classification Class Voltage Range for Damage 0 250 1A 250 to 500 1B 500 to 1000 1C 1000 to to A 4000 to B or *HMB Human Body Model 9 How can I minimize the effects of ESD in the field? Due to the nature of our fieldwork, standard ESD prevention techniques are impractical and could possible create less-safe field conditions. In order to strike a balance between equipment and personnel safety, I recommend the following steps be added by field personnel when performing work under the meter cover or inside a solid-state recorder. 1. Make sure the equipment is grounded. (If a meter/recorder is properly installed, this is already done.) 2. If the equipment is not grounded, ground it. This can be done by attaching a non-fused jumper between the equipment and an earth ground. 3. Ground yourself to bleed off any charge. This can be accomplished by momentary touching anything grounded. If you leave the immediate area or more than 10 minutes have passed since you bled off your charge, then perform step 3 again. The principles behind these steps are to ensure the Technician and the equipment is at the same potential (grounded) without requiring a constant connection to ground. These are the minimum recommended procedures for Field Technicians. Meter Plant and Lab environments require a higher level of ESD precautions. 10 Integrated assembly MI Wireless Assembly MI Wireless makes a variety of power, communication, and instrumentation assemblies. Most of these units are available with a CSA class 1 division 2 hazardous area certification. All units can be installed using standard installation methods. Fittings are provided on the bottom of the assembly for power and data wiring. If the assembly includes instrumentation, pressure transducers are located at the bottom of the enclosure. The MI Wireless assembly is available in wall/pipe mount, pipe stand mount, UMB mount, and portable mount. Power choices include an array of sizes or solar panels, thermal-electric chargers, AC with battery backup, alkaline battery, and external DC supply. The MI Wireless assembly is available with a Mercury ERX or Mini-Max instrument integral to the assembly. Figure 1 MI Wireless Mounts These are available with all of the normal pressure and temperature options, serial options, and display options. Security Seal The MI Wireless is a gasketed assembly with vent holes in the bottom. A lockable latch is provided on the side. When closing the assembly, be certain nothing is in the way of the gasket. Pay particular attention to the modem mounting bracket on the pivot panel as it can slide to the side to interfere with the gasket. Antennas A variety of antenna options are available to match your chosen communication methods. When a case mount cannot give adequate signal and performance, remote omni-directional and remote uni-directional high gain antennas are available. A uni-directional antenna such as a Yagi-Uda must be aimed at the 11 nearest cellular transmitter in order to function. Higher gain antennas offer greater distance. The trade off is a larger antenna size, or narrowed aperture in the antenna radiation pattern in the case of a uni-directional antenna. Unidirectional antennas also must be aimed at the communication source that you are attempting to reach. Figure 2: Portable assembly It is best to attempt to mount any of these antennas as high up as possible and avoid any obstructions for best performance. If the antenna is to be mounted on a non-metallic surface, it is important to specify a ground plane independent antenna. These antennas have built in ground planes or circuitry that performs that function internally and do not have to be mounted on a flat metallic surface. Additional considerations must be made for cabling when using remote mounted antennas. Depending on the required distance to the antenna, a proper cable must be selected in order to not negate the effects of the increased antenna gain. It is recommended that RG58 not be used for more than 20 feet. LMR240 can be used for runs up to around 40 feet after which LMR400 is recommended. For extremely long runs, over 80 to 100 feet, other cable choices are available. When remotely mounting an antenna, grounding and surge protection is an important consideration. Due to the nature of the remote mount antenna being mounted in locations that tend to be open and high in the air, antennas will have a tendency to attract lightning and surges. For continued functionality of the system and to prevent damage to the electronics in your MI Wireless system, it is vital to properly protect it from the effects of these occurrences. See installation section of the manual for more details on grounding and surge suppression. 12 Modems The MI Wireless unit is available with a Mercury Messenger modem for use with a phone line, an Airlink Raven or Raven XT modem for cellular communications, as well a Freewave spread spectrum radio. The Raven or Raven XT with a serial port is available in CDMA, EVDO, GPRS, EDGE, and iden varieties to support nearly all of the North American wireless providers. Ethernet wireless modems are also available for special applications and to connect to a terminal server device to provide multiple serial connections at one location. For locations where more than one serial device requires a communication link, the MI Wireless unit can also be equipped as a remote cellular gateway. When the devices are in proximity, it can be ordered with a terminal server device to permit communication with up to 4 devices simultaneously. If the remote devices are too far for RS232 cabling, a small radio network can be built behind the cellular modem. 13 Data Connections Connections If your MI Wireless Assembly includes an instrument as well as a modem, the data connection between the two will already be complete. If you have elected an internal or external case connector, the data to the modem as well as the data to the instrument are available there. Each connection requires a separate cable as the case connector cap ties the modem data wires to the instrument data wires. Remember that in order for the modem to communicate with the instrument, the case connector must be installed. Figure 3: Instrument Data Connection Figure 4: Data Terminal If your MI Wireless Assembly does not include an internal instrument board, the MI Wireless modem connection is available on the terminal internal connections. The Messenger Modem GND, TX, and RX should be wired straight through to the GND, TX, and RX of the part number or terminal blocks. All Phoenix terminal blocks in the MI Wireless Assembly are wired as RX-red and TX-white. Unlike the Messenger Modem, a cellular modem is a DCE (data communications equipment) device meaning that on a DB9 RS232 connector, the Rx pin 2 is an output and Tx pin 3 is an input. The DB9 cable to the modem is RX-white and TX-red, and is therefore crossed when being wired to the outgoing data terminal block. On the instrument side, the PCB is wired as RX-white Tx-red. This card is used by both of the ERX and Mini-Max boards. This cable will also need to be crossed between the instrument and terminal block to make a correct connection to the cellular modem. For detailed wiring information, consult the Customer Connection Drawings. 14 There is a cable grip on the bottom of the box labeled RS232 for the cable to enter the MI Wireless box. See photo in Figure 5: Bottom of Enclosure. Figure 5: Bottom of Enclosure Remote Mini-AT In order to make the connection from the communications/power assembly to the Mercury Mini AT instrument, use kit Connect the terminal block serial cable to plug on the main board connector TB2. Connect white to pin 3 RX, red to pin 4 TX, and black to pin 5 GND. Plug power cable into main board connector J7 or J8. Identify a location for the terminal block to be mounted. Next, remove backing from the tape on the terminal strip and attach to inside wall. Press firmly. Carefully remove terminal strip by separating dual lock tape. Connect field wiring to terminal block Com, RxD, and TxD. Run wires carefully over to MI Wireless assembly and wire to Com, RX, and TX, respectively. Make certain that the wires to not interfere with closing of the door. For details, consult the included instructions A. Remote ECAT In order to connect between the ECAT and the Figure 6: Connection Kit MI Wireless assembly, use kit When connecting to the SCI board in an ECAT (See Figure 7: SCI Board) wire to TB1 in the lower right corner of the board. The board is labeled as C for common, T for transmit data, and R for receive data. Connect these to Gnd, Rx, and Tx, respectively in the communications enclosure. Be certain that T is wired to Rx 15 and R is wired to Tx. Again verify that no wires will be pinched when the door or chassis are closed. Figure 7: SCI Board Antenna Connections The MI Wireless assembly comes standard with a 3dBMeg helical low-profile case mounted antenna. It uses a standard NMO mount and is wired to the TNC or SMA connector on the modem. Figure 8: Case-mounted Antenna If snow buildup is expected to be a problem, a high profile case mount antenna can be substituted. Caution! Do not use the antenna as a handle to carry the instrument. In areas where the cellular signal level is insufficient to provide satisfactory service with these antennas, a variety of unidirectional and omni-directional antennas are available. Depending on the required distance to the antenna, several cabling options are available. 16 An antenna is one of the most critical junctures in any RF communications system. Its performance determines the quality and the continuity of your data flow in both directions. For basic antenna selection assistance, see the section on antennas in the introductory chapter on the MI Wireless Assembly. Care must be taken when selecting high gain antennas as it is possible to overpower the cellular network. Particularly in spread spectrum networks like CDMA/EVDO, this excess power can cause reception problems for the telemetry device as well as other users in the area. There are limitations on the amount of power output permitted so it is important to properly design the system for optimum performance. Figure 9: Modem Connections Remote Antenna Installation In order to connect a remote antenna, first disconnect power to the communication device. Attach cable to external bulkhead connector. Tighten connector and then cover with weather resistant covering or tape. After the antenna is mounted securely and connected to modem, power up the modem. Airlink Raven modems in packet-data mode will give a signal strength indication on the status page. 17 Figure 10: Remote Antenna Installation Diagram Remote Antenna Installation Tips Do not mount antenna inside a metal enclosure A metal enclosure will interfere with the transmission of the radio waves. In addition, the excess RF energy inside the metal enclosure can interfere with analog devices within the enclosure. Cellular modems work best when their antennas can see the cellular system antenna. Try to avoid major obstructions in the line of sight between your antenna and the cellular system antenna. A direct path between transmitter and receiver will provide the best signal. Mount the antenna as high as possible Even when a direct line of sight is not available, mounting an antenna high above as many obstructions as possible can improve performance. Cellular base station antennas are most often located on towers and increasing the height of the telemetry antenna can decrease transmission distance. Keep the antenna cable as short as possible While path loss through the air is important, loss in a cable can be even more significant. Make certain that a sufficient cable size is chosen for the length of cable run. Longer runs will require larger and more expensive cable. It would not be logical to invest in a high gain antenna, only to lose all of that gain in a long and inadequate cable run. It is 18 recommended that RG58 not be used for more than 20 feet. LMR240 can be used for runs up to around 40 feet after which LMR400 is recommended. For extremely long runs, over 80 to 100 feet, other cable choices are available. Always use proper grounding and surge suppression. Surge protectors can be installed in-line with existing antennas, between the antenna and radio jumper cable. The suppressor is environmentally sealed and is connected using threaded connectors on both sides. For proper operation the surge protector must be grounded thus providing adequate grounding for the antenna cable sheath. A ground block is similar to a surge suppressor in that it provides a place for a ground wire to be connected in line with the antenna in a nonpenetrating manner. The ground block will simply provide a relatively easy path to ground but will not suppress surges and will therefore leave RF equipment vulnerable. In tower installations or other situations where cable sheath bonding is required, a coaxial penetrating grounding device may be used. However, to maintain antenna integrity, this device should only be installed on jumpers. They should not be installed on cables which form an integral part of the antenna. Ensure all connectors are tight and dry. Use outdoor connectors and sealing tape. Unidirectional antennas must be pointed toward the cellular transmitter in ord
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