Cloud Computing Best Practices and Considerations for Project Managers Mike Lamoureux , PMP, MBA

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Cloud Computing Best Practices and Considerations for Project Managers Mike Lamoureux , PMP, MBA. Cloud Computing is the 5 th Utility. Water Electricity Gas Telephone Computing. Why does a Project Manager have to know about the Cloud?.
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Cloud Computing Best Practices and Considerations for Project ManagersMike Lamoureux, PMP, MBA Cloud Computing is the 5th Utility
  • Water
  • Electricity
  • Gas
  • Telephone
  • Computing
  • Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Why does a Project Manager have to know about the Cloud?
  • If you know about insourcing and outsourcing, you know about Cloud Computing
  • In a study, fifty-three percent reported that they have outsourcing challenges because their companies lack project management skills
  • Source: Douglas Brown; Scott Wilson. The Black Book of Outsourcing: How to Manage the Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities
  • The PMBOK doesn’t make reference to any best practices when outsourcing.
  • Source: PMBOK 4th Edition
  • Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Cloud Computing Essential Characteristics
  • On-demand Self Service
  • Broad Network Access
  • Resource Pooling
  • Rapid Elasticity
  • Measured Service
  • Key Takeaway: All essential characteristics are required to be considered a cloud. Not all data centers are clouds, and not all clouds are created equal. Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Considerations for Cloud Computingat Project Management Stages Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Planning Consideration: Pick the Right Cloud for your Project
  • With Cloud Computing, a project is always outsourcing the management of the Hardware with the goal of making individuals more productive.(Credit: Harvard Business Review Article BR1111, Andrew McAfee)
  • With Software, there are three Service Models of Cloud Computing
  • Software as a Service (SaaS) 100% Buy
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS)40 % Buy / 60% Build
  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)100% Build
  • Key Takeaway: Purchase the right service based on your needs. Take advantage of higher-level managed services whenever possible. Use IaaS only when the most configuration flexibility is needed. Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Planning Consideration: Pick the Right Cloud for your Project.
  • Be aware of who could be your neighbors (you likely will not know!)
  • Use Case Tips for choosing a Deployment Model
  • Public Clouds are ideal for Public Government Services or non sensitive data
  • Community Clouds such as Amazon GovCloud restrict based on a closed community (such as Government-Only)
  • Private Clouds are best for areas requiring high privacy and security needs, and those that are required to be on-premise
  • FISMA and FedRAMP are your guides to finding the appropriate cloud for the security of your application, can affect certification for HIPAA, etc.
  • Key Takeaway: Pick the right deployment model that is most appropriate for your security and privacy needs while still allowing for the most economies of scale possible. Attempt to separate data that has high sensitivity to allow for public or large community cloud usage for a majority of components. Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Use Cases
  • Use Case 1: Your project involves setting up a Database with a standard configuration that will be filled with sensitive information, and utilized by other NIH Applications that are hosted on NIH Campus.
  • Potential Solution: PaaS, Private Cloud
  • Use Case 2: Your project is to establish a collaboration environment for management of tasks, schedules, etc. The information that will go into the collaboration environment is not sensitive in any way.
  • Potential Solution: SaaS, Public Cloud
  • Use Case 3: Your project is to perform heavy computational analysis on research data using a open source program that runs on Linux. You will need to manually scale up and down the number of servers required for the processing, which might overwhelm many smaller cloud providers. Your budget is very tight and the research data is not sensitive.
  • Potential Solution: IaaS, Public Cloud
  • Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Considerations for Cloud Computingat Project Management Stages. Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Execute Consideration:Understand your SLA
  • Service Level Agreements vary per cloud provider, and will change in the metrics that are used based on Service Model (SaaS, PaaS, IaaS)
  • SLAs deal with much more than uptime, also includes service desk support, performance guarantees, configuration scope, and backup
  • With Hybrid Cloud, dealing with multiple cloud providers and SLA’s can be a challenging task (Cloud to Cloud standards are not yet strong)
  • An alternative is a Cloud Services Brokerage (CSB) which can aid program (or large projects) in cloud integration
  • Key Takeaway: PMs may or may not have control over their SLA with a cloud provider. Most important is to understand the SLA you have so that you can mitigate any risks you might find. Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Should a PM be concerned with Cloud Outages? Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Considerations for Cloud Computingat Project Management Stages.. Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Maintain Consideration: Manage your Risk
  • The utilities we count on sometimes experience outages
  • An outage at a large-scale provider amplifies the impact
  • The damage to a companies reputation is typically worse than the economic impact
  • If using PaaS or IaaS, consider the risk of self-damage such as software bugs that accidentally delete data
  • Multi-Cloud scenarios can mitigate from outages for low-cost, but upkeep can be manually intensive (Consider Cloud Service Brokerage)
  • Key Takeaway: Consider ALL risks and decide on the proper mitigation plan. Single Cloud Provider solutions are ideal but may not always mitigate all risks. Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Cloud Computing Resources
  • NIST Definition on Cloud Computing (SP800-145)
  • http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-145/SP800-145.pdf
  • Cloud Computing at NIH
  • https://enterprisearchitecture.nih.gov/Pages/NIH-in-The-Cloud.aspx
  • Cloud Services Brokerage Materials (Gartner Research + NIH EA Briefing)
  • Available upon request
  • NIH Cloud Storage Domain Team
  • https://enterprisearchitecture.nih.gov/Pages/Domain-Team-Reports.aspx
  • OMB 25-Point Plan to Reform Federal IT
  • http://www.cio.gov/documents/25-point-implementation-plan-to-reform-federal%20it.pdf
  • Andrew McAfee (blogger / author / professor)
  • http://blogs.hbr.org/hbr/mcafee/
  • http://andrewmcafee.org/blog/
  • Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */ Questions? Michael Lamoureux Contractor, Octo Consulting Group OD/OCIO/EA [email protected]/* */ [email protected]/* */ Twitter: @mlamoure Website: http://EnterpriseArchitecture.nih.gov Contact: [email protected]/* */
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