CIfAS&GBuildings_1 | Archaeology | Environmental Impact Assessment

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  Standardand guidancefor the archaeologicalinvestigation and recording of standing buildings or structures Published December 2014The Chartered Institute for Archaeologistsisincorporated by Royal Charter.Miller Building, University of Reading, Reading RG6 6AB  Standardand guidance buildingsLast updated 15-Dec-2014Chartered Institute for Archaeologists2 Standardand guidancefor the archaeologicalinvestigation and recording of standingbuildings or structures 1Definition of archaeological building investigation and recording32Purpose of archaeological building investigation and recording33Occurrence34Introduction45Principles: the code of conduct and otherregulationsof CIfA56Procedures56.1 Project identification56.2 Briefs/project outlines, specifications and project designs86.3 Fieldwork116.4 Post-fieldwork analyses, reports and dissemination136.5 Monitoring156.6 Archives, ownership and deposition166.7 Other considerations17Annex 1 Building investigation and recording techniques18Annex 2Contents of a report19Annex 3 Sources of historical and documentary information20Annex 4 Contents of a data structure report22Annex 5Recommendations for digital archives22  Standardand guidance buildingsLast updated 15-Dec-2014Chartered Institute for Archaeologists3 The Standard A programme of archaeological building investigation and recording will determine, as far as isreasonably possible, the nature of the archaeological resource associated with a specifiedbuilding, structure or complex. It will draw on existing records (both archaeological andhistorical sources) and fieldwork. It will be undertaken using appropriate methods andpractices which satisfy the stated aims of the project, and which comply with the Code of conduct,and other relevant regulationsy-laws ofCIfA. The programme will result in theproduction of drawings, an ordered accessible archive and a report. 1Definition of archaeological building investigation and recording The definition of archaeological building investigation and recording (ABIR) is a programme of work intended to establish the character, history, dating, form and archaeologicaldevelopment of a specified building, structure, or complex and its setting, including buriedcomponents, on land, inter-tidal zone or underwater. 2Purpose of archaeological building investigation and recording The purpose of ABIR is to examine a specified building, structure or complex, and its setting, inorder to inform:a.the formulation of a strategy for the conservation, alteration, demolition, repair ormanagement of a building, or structure, or complex and its seek a better understanding, compile a lasting record, analyse the findings/record,and then disseminate the results. 3Occurrence ABIR may arise:a.prior to, during and on completion of worksof repair, alteration, management part of the planning process (within the framework of appropriate national guidanceincluding planning policy guidance and associated legislation and/or development planpolicy) a conservation area, where records of buildings, structures or complexes and theirsetting (PPG 15 para 2.17; see Appendix 6) may assist the local authority to determinethe impact of a given proposal on the character of the conservation area as well asassessing individual buildings and structures of importance  Standardand guidance buildingsLast updated 15-Dec-2014Chartered Institute for Archaeologists4 d.under the provisions of the Ecclesiastical Exemption (Listed Buildings and ConservationAreas) Order 1994 relating to places of worship and their internal systems of control,and such similar provisions in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland and the FacultyJurisdiction System relating to Church of England Churches and arising from the Care of Churches and Ecclesiastical Jurisdiction Measure 1991; or the Care of CathedralsMeasure 1990 and Supplementary Provisions part of an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) (see 3.1.11 below) the basis for, or in conjunction with, proposals or specifications for work (eg thoseof an architect, engineer, builder or chartered surveyor) to a building, structure, orcomplex and its part of an agreed strategy in mitigation of damage or loss to a building, structure orcomplex and its setting, including a process of controlled demolition or conjunction with a programme ofarchaeological assessment, field evaluation connection with the preparation of conservation or management plans by private,local, national or international bodies; for example as part of a total facilitymanagement scheme in a museum orrelated context, or where a building is seen to beat risk j.within the context of the interpretation and presentation of the site to the publick.within a programme of research not generated by a specific threat to the archaeologicalresourcel.within the context of a threat from natural part of a disaster mitigation plan by way of insurance against loss or damageABIR may therefore be commissioned by a number of different individuals or organisations,including local planning authorities, national advisory bodies, government agencies, privateowners, developers or their agents, archaeological and architectural researchers, etc. Guidance4Introduction 4.1This guidance seeks to define best practice for the investigation and archaeologicalrecording of buildings, structures, complexes and their setting, and concomitantreporting, in line with theregulationsofCIfA, in particular the Code of conduct. It seeksto expand and explain general definitions in the Code for the practice for fieldwork andreporting.4.2This Standard and guidance apply to all types of ABIR, whether generated by academicresearch, by local interest, through the planning process, by management proposals orby any other proposals which may affect the archaeological resource within a specifiedarea.
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