ASM International. Driving the Engines of Change in Manufacturing. September 17-19, 2007 Detroit, Michigan, USA

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ASM International 24 th Heat Treating Society Conference 2007 Driving the Engines of Change in Manufacturing September 17-19, 2007 Detroit, Michigan, USA Printed from e-media with permission by: Curran
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ASM International 24 th Heat Treating Society Conference 2007 Driving the Engines of Change in Manufacturing September 17-19, 2007 Detroit, Michigan, USA Printed from e-media with permission by: Curran Associates, Inc. 57 Morehouse Lane Red Hook, NY ISBN: Some format issues inherent in the e-media version may also appear in this print version. ASM International 24 th Heat Treating Society Conference 2007 TABLE OF CONTENTS Applied Energy How to Improve Inductor Life, Part W.I. Stuehr, D. Lynch, Induction Tooling, Inc., North Royalton, OH, USA Optimizing Axle Scan Hardening Inductors...5 R. Goldstein, V. Nemkov, R. Madeira, Fluxtrol, Inc., Auburn Hills, MI, USA Processing of Multi-Layer Materials by Induction Heating Gradient Effect...10 E. Baake, H. Schülbe, A. Nikanorov, R. Mergen, A. Eberhard (1) Leibniz University of Hannover, Hannover, Germany; (2) Miba Bearing Group, Laakirchen, Austria Increasing Inductor Lifetime by Predicting Coil Copper Temperatures...16 R. Goldstein, V. Nemkov, Fluxtrol, Inc., Auburn Hills, MI, USA Heat Transfer Characteristics of Laminar Methane/Air Flame Impinging on a Flat Surface...23 S. Chander, A. Ray, (1) National Institute of Technology, Punjab, India; (2) Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India Controlling Induction Heating Magnetic Fields with Flux Field Concentrators...33 T. Learman, Alpha 1 Induction Service Center, Columbus, OH, USA Thermodynamic and Kinetic Aspects of Endothermic Carburizing Atmospheres with Natural Gas Enrichment...40 O. Karabelchtchikova, S.A. Johnston, H.F.M. DaCosta, R.D. Sisson, Jr. (1) Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA; (2) Caterpillar, Inc., Mossville, IL, USA Emerging Technology New Applications of EPM in Metal, Oxide and Semiconductor Processing...45 B. Nacke, Leibniz University of Hannover, Hannover, Germany An Attractive Materials Process: Exploring High Magnetic Field Processing for Developing Customized Microstructures with Enhanced Performance...52 G. Mackiewicz-Ludtka, G.M. Ludtka, R.A. Jaramillo, J.B. Wilgen, R.A. Kisner Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA Heat Treating Atmosphere Activation...62 Z. Zurecki, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., Allentown, PA, USA Microwave Processing and Heat Treating of Metals...69 E.B. Ripley, R.L. Hallman, Jr., J.A. Oberhaus, B.C. Warren, Y-12 National Security Complex, Oak Ridge, TN, USA Fluidized Bed: An Energy Efficient Heat Treating Technology for Cast Al Alloys S.K. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA Integrated Heat Treatment System for Precise Die Hardening in Automotive Industries...87 S. Bonss, J. Hannweber, U. Karsunke, M. Seifert, B. Brenner, E. Beyer, Fraunhofer IWS Dresden, Dresden, Germany Effect of Post-Spray Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of Ni-TiC Composite Coatings Produced by Cold Gas Dynamic Spray...94 K.Y. Sastry, M. Lubrick, V. Leshchynsky, R.Gr. Maev, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada Dr. George E. Totten International Symposium on Quenching & Cooling Microstructure and Property Predictions by Using a Heat-Treatment Planning System, CHT-q/t L. Zhang, Y.M. Rong, R. Purushothaman, J.W. Kang (1) Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA; (2) Tsinghua University, Beijing, China Modeling of Microstructure Evolution during the Rapid Heating of Hypoeutectoid Steels B.J. Yang, W. Li, A. Hattiangadi, G. Zhou, N. Singh, M.L. Johnson, Caterpillar, Inc, Peoria, IL, USA Assessing Heat Treatment Distortion Sensitivity A.M. Freborg, Z. Li, B.L. Ferguson, Deformation Control Technology, Inc., Cleveland, OH, USA Optimal Spray Characteristics in the Air-Assisted Water Spray Cooling of a Downward-Facing Heated Surface R.J. Issa, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, TX, USA Some New Approaches in the Field of Quenching Fundamentals N. Kobasko, IQ Technologies, Inc., USA, Intensive Technologies, Ltd., Ukraine Intensive Quenching to Reduce the Carburizing Cycle for Automotive Cross Production L.C.F. Canale, E. Merheb, J.C. Vendramim, G.E. Totten, N.I. Kobasko, M.A. Aronov J.A. Powell, (1) University of São Paulo, São Carlos, Brazil; (2) Isoflama Ind. E Com. Eq. Ltda., Indaiatuba, Brazil; (3) Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA; (4) IQ Technologies, Inc., Akron, OH, USA Applying CFD to Characterize Gear Response during Intensive Quenching Process A. Banka, J. Franklin, Z. Li, B.L. Ferguson, M. Aronov (1) Airflow Sciences Corporation, Livonia, MI, USA ; (2) Deformation Control Technology, Inc., Cleveland, OH, USA ; (3) IQ Technologies, Inc., Akron, OH, USA Improving Gear Performance by Intensive Quench B.L. Ferguson, A.M. Freborg, Z. Li, Deformation Control Technology, Inc., Cleveland, OH, USA Historical Review of Residual Stress in Quenched Fe-Ni Alloy Cylinders and Explanation of Its Origin Using Computer Simulation K. Arimoto, K. Funatani, (1) Arimotech, Ltd., Osaka, Japan, (2) IMST Inst., Nagoya, Japan Effect of Quenching on the Dimensional Stability of SAE Make Bearing Components..173 S. Bhattacharya, M.B.N. Raju, Tata Steel, Jamshedpur, India George E. Totten, Ph.D., FASM: A Biographical Overview of His Life and a Brief Overview of His Impact on Global Quenching Technology L.C.F. Canale, A.C. Canale, University of São Paulo, São Carlos, Brazil The Contribution of Dr. George E. Totten to Unitize World Heat Treatment R&D, and Update State of the Quenching and Control of Distortion K. Funatani, IMST Institute, Nagoya, Japan History of Quenching D.S. MacKenzie, Houghton International, Inc., Valley Forge, PA, USA Effective Design of Heat Treat Processes Using Computer Simulations Z. Li, A.M. Freborg, B.L. Ferguson, Deformation Control Technology, Inc., Cleveland, OH, USA Using Wave Technology for Heat Treatment A. Sverdlin, A. Ness, R. Ganiev, (1) Bradley University, Peoria, IL, USA; (2) Research Scientific Center, Moscow, Russia The Analysis of Gas Flow in the Wind Tunnel of High Pressure Gas Quenching Furnace Y. Luo, J. Kang, B. Liu, Y. Rong, (1) Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; (2) Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA Fluidized Bed Quenching Performance and Its Application for Heat Treating Aluminum Alloys J. Keist, S. Chaudhury, D. Apelian, (1) Arizotah, LLC, Plymouth, MN, USA; (2) Metals Processing Institute, Worcester, MA, USA Mathematical Model of the Microstructural Response of a Medium-Carbon, Low-Alloy Steel Quenched in a Fluidized Bed J.B. Hernández-Morales, A.M. Dueñas-Pérez, M. Díaz-Cruz, R. Yates (1) Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México; (2) ESIQIE-Instituto Politécnico Nacional, México; (3) Alternativas en Computación, México Processes & Applications The Nitrocarburizing of Plain Carbon Steel Automotive Components V. Campagna, R. Bowers, D.O. Northwood, X. Sun, P. Bauerle (1) University of Windsor, Windsor, ON, Canada; (2) DaimlerChrysler Corporation, Auburn Hills, MI, USA Optimization of Oxygen-Free Heat Treating K. Connery, S. Ho, Praxair, Inc., Burr Ridge, IL, USA Statistical Process Control and Process Validation in Gas Carburizing of Gears C.R. Kinser, TRW Automotive, LLC, Lebanon, TN, USA Case Histories Involving Embrittlement of Steel S. Suess, Stork Technimet, Inc., New Berlin, WI, USA A Probabilistic Modeling Approach for Industrial Carburizing Operation S.S. Sahay, Tata Research Development and Design Centre, Pune, India Heat Treatment of Cr-Mo Powder Metallurgy Steels for High Performance Applications A. Klekovkin, N. Nandivada, D. Milligan, North American Höganäs, Hollsopple, PA, USA Fatigue Studies and Characterization of Induction Tempered Welded Steel Tubes P. Shanmugam, M. Preethi, R. Natarajan, Tube Investments of India, Avadi, Channai, India Non-Contact Ultrasonic Treatment of Metals in a Magnetic Field G.M. Ludtka, J.B. Wilgen, R.A. Kisner, R.A. Jaramillo, G. Mackiewicz-Ludtka, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, USA Evaluation of Aging Response of Al-Cu-Mg-Si Based Cast Aluminum Alloy and Its Effect on Tensile Property M. Maniruzzaman, E. Wallhagen, R.D. Sisson, Jr., Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA The Aging Behavior of AA7136 Wrought Aluminum Alloy C. Nowill, M. Maniruzzaman, R.D. Sisson, Jr., D.S. MacKenzie2 (1) Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA; (2) Houghton International, Inc., Valley Forge, PA, USA Special Heat Treatment Practices for Aerospace Aluminum Alloys P. Dungore, A. Agnihotri, Jawaharlal Nehru Aluminum Research Development and Design Centre, India The Effect of Aluminum on Isothermal Oxidation Resistance of Austenitic Heat Resistant Steels M.O. Aminian, J. Hedjazi, Y.Kharazi, (1) Delta Advanced Ceramics Co., Tehran, Iran; (2) Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran Effects of Quenching Variables on the Impact Resistance of 0.3C Hypo-Eutectoid Plain Carbon Steel M.O.H. Amuda, B.U. Amaechi, D.E. Esezobor, G.I. Lawal, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria Effect of Heat Treatment Cycle on the Mechanical Properties of Machinable Austempered Ductile Iron M. TadayonSaidi, N. Baghersaee, N. Varahram, M.H. Rao, G.V.S.N. Rao (1) National Institute of Technology, Warangal, India; (2) RWTUV Iran Joint Venture Co., Iran; (3) Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran Tribology of Conformal Gears with Advanced Material Systems A.T. Wilder, J.G. Wilder, (1) University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA; (2) Process Science, Inc., Leander, TX, USA Effects of T6 Heat Treatment with Residual Heat of Casting on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of 319 Aluminum Alloy Castings L. He, J. Kang, T. Huang, Y. Rong, (1) Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; (2) Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA Plasma Nitriding of AISI H13 Tool Steel with Different Microstructures L.C. Casteletti, R.M.M. Riofano, C.K.N. de Oliveira, A.L. Neto, G.E. Totten (1) Escola Eng. São Carlos USP, São Paulo, Brazil; (2) Universidade Regional do Cariri, Ceará, Brazil; (3) Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA Three Point Bending Behavior of Orthodontic Thermo-Active Nitinol Wires A.I. Filho, C.A.R. Gouvêa, A.L. Neto, G.E. Totten, L.C. Casteletti (1) Departamento de Metalurgia do CEFET-ES, Vitória, ES; (2) Escola Eng. São Carlos USP, São Paulo, Brazil; (3) Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA Thermal Spray Coatings on an Aged 7475 Aluminum Alloy Substrate D.T. de Macedo, L.B. Cruvinel, A.L. Neto, G.E. Totten, L.C. Casteletti (1) Escola Eng. São Carlos USP, São Paulo, Brazil; (2) Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA Electric Resistivity Evaluation of the Fe-31Mn-7.5Al-1-5Si-1.0C Alloy L.C. Casteletti, A.L. Neto, G.E. Totten (1) Escola Eng. São Carlos USP, São Paulo, Brazil; (2) Portland State University, Portland, OR, USA On the Influence of the Process of Carbonitriding in Smoldering Discharge on the Properties of 25CrMnSiNiMo Steel A.Z.I. Ziumbilev, K. Nikolov, (1) TU Sofia, Plovdiv, Bulgaria; (2) DOC Dortmunder Oberflächencentrum GmbH, Dortmund, Germany Effect of Nitriding on the Fatigue Properties of Continuously Cast Gray Irons P.R. Gangasani, Dura Bar, Woodstock, IL, USA Vacuum Technology Hydrogen Pick-Up during Low Pressure Gas Carburizing Compared with Traditional Gas Carburizing Processes Ch. Laumen, B. Clausen, F. Hoffmann, (1) The Linde Group, Unterschleissheim, Germany; (2) Institut für Werkstofftechnik, Bremen, Germany The Benefits of Using 3 Gas Mixture Low Pressure Carburizing (LPC) for High Alloy Steels R. Gorockiewicz, A. Adamek, M. Korecki, (1) University of Zielona, Góra, Poland; (2) Seco/Warwick S.A., Swiebodzin, Poland Numerical Simulation of Gas Quenching Process of Workpieces Y. Luo, J. Kang, B. Liu, Y. Rong, (1) Tsinghua University, Beijing, China; (2) Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA Fast Track Demonstrations of Intensive Quenching Methods for Steel Parts M.A. Aronov, N.I. Kobasko, J.A. Powell, J.H. Vanas, P. Ghorpade, D. Gopal (1) IQ Technologies, Inc., Akron, OH, USA; (2) High Temp Furnaces Limited, Bangalore, India Modern Gas Quenching Chambers Supported by SimVaCPlus Hardness Application P. Kula, R. Atraszkiewicz, E. Stańczyk-Wołowiec, Institute of Materials and Engineering, Lodz, Poland Curtains in Continuous Furnaces M.S. Stanescu, P.F. Stratton, L. Druga, (1) The Linde Group, Murray Hill, NJ, USA; (2) The Linde Group, Huddersfield, UK; (3) UTTIS Indistries, Bucharest, Romania How to Organize and Run a Low-Cost and Highly Effective Metallurgical/Processing Lab for Small- and Medium-Size Heat Treatment Facilities A. Khersonsky The Role of Cleaning in the Heat Treatment Process X. Wang, W. Liu, M. Maniruzzaman, K. Rong, R.D. Sisson, Jr., Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
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