Asm Brazil Eng

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Asm Brazil Eng
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  Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development is a project of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) in London, UK. The project is made possible by the support of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). IIED is a company limited by guarantee and incorporated in England. Reg. No. 2188452. VAT Reg. No. GB 440 4948 50. Registered Charity No. 800066   Mining, Minerals and Sustainable Development Project   PPRROOJJEECCTT DDAATTAABBAASSEE:: DDOOCCUUMMEENNTTAATTIIOONN OOFF IINNFFOORRMMAATTIIOONN AABBOOUUTT SSMMAALLLL AANNDD AARRTTIISSAANNAALL MMIINNIINNGG – – BBRRAAZZIILLIIAANN RREEPPOORRTT  JJoossee AAnnttoonniioo SSeennaa ddoo N Naasscciimmeennttoo CCEETTEEMM –  –  CCeennttr r oo ddee TTeeccnnoollooggiiaa MMiinneer r aall R R iioo ddee JJaanneeiir r oo,, BBr r aazziill  This report was commissioned by the IIED’s MMSD Project. The report remains the sole responsibility of the author and does not necessarily reflect the views of the MMSD Project, the MMSD Assurance Group or the  International Institute for Environment and Development.     2 2 PROJECT DATABASE: DOCUMENTATION OF INFORMATION ABOUT SMALL AND ARTISANAL MINING – BRAZILIAN REPORT SUMMARY   INTRODUCTION..........................................................................................................3 METHODOLOGY.........................................................................................................4 1- LEGAL ASPECTS....................................................................................................5 2- POLITICAL STATEMENT......................................................................................6 3 - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS.............................................................................8 4 - FINANCING AND MARKETING........................................................................10 5 - TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE: PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS..........................12 6 - ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES..............................................................................15 7 - LABOR...................................................................................................................17 8 - CHILDREN LABOR..............................................................................................19 9 - WOMAN’S LABOR..............................................................................................21 10 - TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH.......................................................................24 11 - HEALTH...............................................................................................................26 12 – BIBLIOGRAPHY................................................................................................28     3 3 INTRODUCTION The CETEM – Brazilian Mineral Technology Centre, supported by MMSD, is building a database with documented information, that consists of bibliographic references and other types of media (video, hyperlinks, etc) about small and artisanal mining and related subjects. This database contains information about these subjects during the last 10 years in Brazil. This research is also being prepared in other South American countries such as Chile, Bolivia and Peru. After completion this will be added the main database of CETEM. More than 350 titles were incorporated into the Brazilian information database. These works concerned the related themes that were used to prepare the Brazilian General Report, which is already done. The database has 3 languages versions, Portuguese, English and Spanish. This allows access and data entry for researchers from Spanish South America and MMSD in England.  A bibliographical search of the database can be done through various categories, such as the type of document, subject, title, and main author. The references can also be found through selected key-words in order to allows the search for a document from a word contained in this document. The final report that is being prepared will give a general perspective concerning small and artisanal mining and related topics in Brazil and South America in the 90’s and will be useful to build a general view, with could be used to guide prospective public policy and support technical assistance projects to small mining. One of the main goals of this project consists of provides support to decision making by the CASM Expert Group. This expert group is formed by many international co-operation agencies’ members and expers. The group intends to provide direction to public policy. The research themes of the database are: Legal aspects, Political statement, environmental impacts, financing and marketing, technical assistance: projects and programs, organisational issues, labour, woman’s and children labour, technological research and health.   4 4 METHODOLOGY The Data System was developed with objective to store data referred to bibliography and documentation of the small mining and artisanal mining project in Brazil. O program was developed in Access. The main offers the following options: ♦ Bibliographic References and Documentation – where it is made the documents inclusion. ♦ Types of documents – for each new classification ♦ Issues (articles) – which show the document srcin ♦ Visual report – through this option it is possible see and print all data included in the system In the data entrance all the fields are available, to be filled according with collected information for each type of document, book with authors, magazine, article among others. The fields type of document and issue are obligatory for any data inclusion, since are reference for consultation. Names of persons or Institutions that could supply information about the document and to its location, also could be included through direct ways to small screen visualized at the lower part of the main screen. The reports may be filtrated by type of document, issue, table, subtitle and main author, the first follows the standard bibliographic rules of ABNT, defined for each document. Any other type of document may be included, only informing what the model of print it should follows. Considering the above mentioned structure, the search process of registered bibliography on the data system shall be done through several categories as type of document, issue, title subtitle and main author. The references also may be founded through specific selected words, allowing the search documents starts with one word included in it.
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