Annotated Bibliography Manila brotherhood

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Annotated Bibliography Manila brotherhood
  Page 1  of 1   Alcariza R. Peregrino Prof. Rizalino Cruz 2013-78239 PA 241 Public Policy and Program Administration Jensen, S. (2015). Between illegality and recognition: Exploring sacrificial violence in a Manila brotherhood. In Gledhill, J. et. al. (Eds.), Critique of Anthropology  (pp. 64-77) Vol. 36, No. 4, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication. The write-up studied the subject fraternity and its rituals and relates it to the emergence. It tackled the quality of the Philippine elite and its relation to the state to illustrate the co- existence (simultaneously unproblematic and conflictual) of illegality and legitimacy. The author established that while the rituals are illegal, they become legitimate in how they connect with religious sentiments and reproduce the vertical structures of power that ensure the continued marginalization of the brothers in the resettlement site. The article concluded that people seeking to participate in these organizations are looking for accommodation and inclusion in the society. Subsequently, it showed how brotherhoods convince their incoming members of the notion that when they join, they will become worthy of inclusion into a masculine national community. It displayed how the illegitimacy of fraternities and its practices reflected traditional politics where elites often used the masses as stepping stones to the fulfillment of their interests. The author is a professor at the Aalborg University Copenhagen, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Culture and Global Studies. His research lasted for ten (10) months of work with concerned individuals and took place in Bagong Silang, Caloocan. As the manner of gathering information in a secret brotherhood is quite intriguing, the author explained further in the write-up, his guides and the factors by which all information are made available for him in the course of his research. While the article gave information on the subject matter, it lacks findings on other types of fraternities and worked around just one organization, limiting his chances to explore behavioral differences through different fraternities both in the university and community chapter. Nevertheless, the article may be useful in gathering matters on looking at patronage politics in a different perspective.
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