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  An Overview: Educational Technology 2 Concerned of:   “Integrating Technology into Teaching and Learning”  T he meaning of which is putting together technology into teaching andlearning so that these will become one in learner’s education. To specify- focusedon introducing, reinforcing, supplementing, and extending the knowledge andskills to learners so that they can become exemplary users of educationaltechnology.ET-2 will involve a deeper understanding of the computer as well as hands-on-application of computer skills. To infuse technology in the student-teachertraining, helping learners to adapt and meet rapid and continuing technologychanges in information and communication technology (ICT) environment. The course objectives are: ü    To provide education in the use of technology in instruction; ü    To impart learning experiences in instructional technology supportedinstructional planning; ü    To acquaint students on information technology; ü    To learn to use and evaluate computer-based educational resources; ü    To engage learners on practical technology; and ü    To inculcate higher-level thinking and creativity among students. REFLECTION: Having these objectives applied in our studies in technology, we will beguided accordingly to what are the importance and primary used of technology. These objectives also would instruct, acquaint and bring us to the higher level of Educational Technology.It is always the trend for learners that in every lesson to be made perfect,one must follow the objectives. In the same way, we will be enhanced andrefreshingly excited in dealing with our learning in Educational technology. Technology is not only used for recreation and playing, but technology isone important tool that would further enhance the way of teaching and theacquiring of learning for a teacher and a student.We are lucky that the integration of technology into teaching and learningis now in practice and included in the curriculum. With this, even students in thepre-school will learn the value and importance of a computer and othertechnologies aside from the neophyte knowledge that a computer is only forgames and recreation. Learning Activity 1 1. What are the three revolutions of education?1. Industrial revolution2. Factory Style Educational System3. Technology Revolution2. What is CAI? (Please give its background.)  Computer-assisted instruction (CAI), a program of instructional material presented by means of acomputer or computer systems.The use of computers in education started in the 1960s. With the advent of convenient microcomputersin the 1970s, computer use in schools has become widespread from primary education through theuniversity level and even in some preschool programs. Instructional computers are basically used inone of two ways: either they provide a straightforward presentation of data or they fill a tutorial role inwhich the student is tested on comprehension.If the computer has a tutorial program, the student is asked a question by the computer; the studenttypes in an answer and then gets an immediate response to the answer. If the answer is correct, thestudent is routed to more challenging problems; if the answer is incorrect, various computer messageswill indicate the flaw in procedure, and the program will bypass more complicated questions until thestudent shows mastery in that area.3. Give 5 examples of communication media.1. E-mail2. SMS/textmessaging3. Social Media(Facebook,twitter)4. Intranet5. Telephone4. Give 5 examples of audiovisual media.1. films2. television3. Slide projectors4. slide tapes5. computers/laptops5. Contrast instructional media and educational communication media. Instructional media encompasses all the materials and physical means an instructor might use toimplement instruction and facilitate students' achievement of instructional objectives. This mayinclude traditional materials such as chalkboards, handouts, charts, slides, overheads, real objects, andvideotape or film, as well newer materials and methods such as computers, DVDs, CD-ROMs, theInternet, and interactive video conferencing. On the other hand Educational CommunicationMedia uses any forms and types of communication media in educating and implementing instructionto students/learners. Instructors may used the internet in the form of emails, blogs,social media insteadof the traditional way of education.6. Give 5 examples of computer programs and their capabilities.1. Microsoft Word- can create and edit professional-looking documents such as letters and papers.2. Microsoft Excel- It features calculation, graphing tools,  pivot tables , and a macro programminglanguage called Visual Basic for Applications .3. Microsoft Powerpoint- can create and share extraordinary presentations for meetings throughuse of slide show which can be embedded by videos, sounds and pictures.4. Adobe Photoshop- editing software delivers powerful options that make it easy to createextraordinary photos, quickly share your memories in Online Albums and unique print creations, andautomatically organize and help protect all your photos and video clips.5. Microsoft outlook- the premium business and personal e-mail management tool and calendar software to help you stay in touch.  Learning Activity 2 (Questions are taken from lesson 11.)1. Who introduced constructivism?-Jean Piaget (1981) and Jerome Bruner (1990)2. This is an effort to show that the construction of knowledge is governed bysocial, historical andcultural contexts.-Social Constructivism3. Who stressed that learning is affected by social influences?- The Russian psychologist Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky4. Give the five ways on how the teacher can employ the computer and discusseach. ã An information tool- can provide vast amount of information in variousforms, such as text, graphics, sound, and video. ã A communication tool- An effective communications program will combinesome or all of the following tools to communicate the intended message tothe target audience: ã Internet ã Publications and other print materials ã Public service broadcasts and Videos ã Media relations ã Spokespersons ã Events (special days, awards, exhibitions, seminars)The tools useddepend on the strategic goals, the objectives of the communicationprogram, the profile of the target audience, the various advantagesand disadvantage of each tool, and the communications budget. ã Constructive tool- can be used for manipulating information, visualizingones understanding, and building new knowledge. ã Co-constructive tool- used to work cooperatively and construct a sharedunderstanding of new knowledge. ã Situating tool- by means of virtual reality (RS) extension systems, thecomputer can create 3-D images on display to give the user the feeling thatare situated in virtual environment. Learning Activity 3 Questions taken from lesson 12.1. Who argued for a highly active and individualized pedagogical methods whichplace the studentat the center of the teaching-learning process? -    John Dewey2. Describe a traditional classroom. (You may embed pictures or videos.)- Traditional classrooms are usually arrange with neat columns and rows of   student chairs while the teacher stands in front of the classroom or sits behindhis desk. §§ 3. Describe an SCLclassroom. (You mayembed pictures andvideos.)- An SCL classroom isbased on the learningapproach that isgenerally known asdirect instruction, andit has worked well for obtaining many kinds of learning outcomes. § Lesson 3: EducationalTechnology in the AsiaPacific Region It is really necessary that thereshould be state policies and strategies in the use of technology especially in educationalinstitutions on a country it is because these serves as guiding principles for educators how togo about in the adoption of these technologies. We all know that we are now on thecomputer age and the use of information and communication technology (ICT) is almostapplicable in all aspects of our lives. But not all of us knew the importance of thesetechnologies and how to go about it. Therefore, the infusion of which should start in theschools, more particularly to the student’s curriculum.Most of the countries in the Asia Pacific Region (Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong,etc.) already adopted their own policies and had created an educational technologyenvironment in their schools. They equipped them with facilities and venue for the facilitationof learning to students and even to teachers. Teachers are given trainings in the use of thesefacilities as well as with the core skills and competencies in the use of ICT in their classroomdiscussions. The state policies for these technologies differ from one country to another depending from their culture and geographical locations or as the need for it may ariseand/or the usefulness of which in the capacity building of their nation. But generally, most of the countries around Asia Pacific find it a need to really institutionalize the use of technologyin their respective countries as evident to their state provisions and policies. In other words,they find it crucial to infuse technology in the minds of the people so that they can competewith other countries around the pacific and the world. They know they can boom their industries through the use of technology.REFLECTION:Compared with other progressive countries around the Asia Pacific region,Philippines is still far way behind when it comes to technology. Our public schools cannotcope up with the standard ratio of computer to student which is 2:1. The DepEd plan of 
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