An-numan Ibn Muqarrin

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An-Numan ibn Muqarrin
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  Islamic weblink Home page Biographies of Companions An-Numan ibn Muqarrin The tribe of Muzaynah had their habitations some distance from Yathrib on the caravan routewhich linked the city to Makkah. News of the Prophet's arrival in Yathrib spread rapidly andsoon reached the Muzaynah through members of the tribe who had left and returned.One evening the chieftain of the tribe, an-Numan ibn Maqarrin, sat among the elders and other members of the tribe and addressed them: O my people, by God, we have learnt only good about Muhammad, and of His mission wehave heard nothing but mercy, kindness and justice. What's wrong with us? Why do we tarrywhile people are hastening to him? As for myself, he continued, I have made up my mind toleave early in the morning to join him. Whoever of you wishes to go with me, let him get ready.  An-Numan must have been a persuasive chieftain. His words had a wondrous effect on theears of his people. The following morning an-Numan's ten brothers and four hundredhorsemen of the Muzaynah were all ready and prepared to go with him to Yathrib to meet theProphet, may God bless him and grant him peace, and enter the religion of Islam. An-Numan however felt embarrassed to go to the Prophet with such a numerous followingwithout carrying any presents for him and the Muslims. There wasn't much he could carryanyway. That year was a year of drought and famine for the Muzaynah and much of their livestock and crops had perished. Still, an-Numan went around the dwellings of his fellowtribesmen and gathered up whatever sheep and goats were left. These he drove before himand made his way to Madinah. There in the presence of the Prophet, he and his fellowtribesmen announced their acceptance of Islam.The whole of Madinah was agog with excitement with the coming of an-Numan and hiscompanions. Never before had there been a single family with all eleven brothers acceptingIslam at the same time together with four hundred horsemen. The noble Prophet wasexceedingly glad and rejoiced greatly. Indeed the sincerity of their effort was accepted andcommended by God Almighty when He revealed the following words of the Quran to theProphet: And among the nomad Arabs are such as believe in God and the Last Day, and regard all thatthey spend in God's cause as a means of drawing them nearer to God and of (their beingremembered in) the Apostle's prayers. Oh, verily, it shall (indeed) be a means of (God's)nearness to them, (for) God will admit them into His grace. Verily God is much-Forgiving, mostMerciful. (The Quran, Surah at-Tawbah, 9:99). An-Numan lived under the guidance of the Prophet and participated in all the campaigns hewaged with valor and dedication. In the time of Abu Bakr, he and the people of Muzaynahplayed a major and commendable role in putting an end to the fitnah of apostasy. During thecaliphate of Umar al-Faruq, an-Numan distinguished himself, in particular, in the encounterswith the Sasananian Empire.Shortly before the Battle of Qadisiyyah, the commander of the Muslim forces Sad ibn AbiWaqqas sent a delegation to the Sasanian Emperor, Yazdagird. The delegation was headed   Page 1 of 4Biographies of Companions An1/17/2016file:///D:/RahbarTV/To%20Syed-Jan2016/Docs%20from%20Suhail/Authors/Islamic%20B...  by an-Numan ibn Muqarrin and its main purpose was to invite the emperor of Islam. When an-Numan and his delegation reached Ctesiphon, the Sasanian capital, the people of the citylooked upon them with curiosity and some disdain. They remarked on their simple appearance,their rough clothes and shoes and their weak-looking horses. The Muslims were in no wayoverwhelmed and sought an audience with Yazdagird. He granted them permission,summoned an interpreter and said to him: Say to them (the Muslims): why have you come to our dominions and why do you want toinvade us? Perhaps, you have designs on us... and seek to venture against us because we arepreoccupied with you. But we do not wish to inflict punishment on you. An-Numan turned tohis men and said: If youwish, I shall reply to him on your behalf. But if any one of you wants to speak let him doso first. The Muslims told an-Numan to speak and turning to the Emperor, said: This manspeaks with our tongue so do listen to what he says. An-Numan began by praising andglorifying God and invoking peace and blessings on His Prophet. Then he said: Indeed God has been Kind and Merciful to us and has sent to us a Messenger to show us thegood and command us to follow it; to make us realize what is evil and forbade us from it. The Messenger promised us if we were to respond to what he summoned us, God wouldbestow on us the good of this world and the good of the hereafter. Not much time has elapsed but God has given us abundance in place of hardship, honor inplace of humiliation and mercy and brotherhood in place of our former enmity. The Messenger has commanded us to summon mankind to what is best for them and to beginwith those who are our neighbors. We therefore invite you to enter into our religion. It is a religion which beautifies and promotesall good and which detests and discourages all that is ugly and reprehensible. It is a religionwhich leads its adherents from the darkness of tyranny and unbelief to the light and justice of faith. Should you respond positively to us and come to Islam, it would be our duty to introduce theBook of God in your midst and help you to live according to it and rule according to its laws.We would then return and leave you to conduct your own affairs. Should you refuse, however, to enter the religion of God, we would take the jizyah from youand give you protection in return. If you refuse to give the jizyah, we shall declare war on you. Yazdagird was angry and furious at what he had heard and said in ridicule: Certainly I do notknow of a nation on earth who is more wretched than you and whose numbers are so few, whoare more divided and whose condition is more evil. We have been used to delegate your affairs to our provincial governors and they exactedobedience form you on our behalf. Then softening his tone somewhat, he continued, but withgreater sarcasm: If there is any need which has pushed you to come to us, we would enlist forces to help youmake your lands fertile. We would clothe your leaders and the notables of your people andplace a king from among ourselves over you who would be gentle to you. One of an-Numan's delegation responded sharply to this and Yazdagird flew into a rage oncemore and shouted: Were it for the fact that ambassadors are not killed, I would kill you all. Page 2 of 4Biographies of Companions An1/17/2016file:///D:/RahbarTV/To%20Syed-Jan2016/Docs%20from%20Suhail/Authors/Islamic%20B...  Get up. You shall have nothing from me. And tell your commander that I am sending Rustumagainst him to bury him and you together in the ditch of al Qadisiyyah. Yazdagird then called for a basketful of earth and ordered that it should be borne outside thecity gates by the one whom the Muslims considered to be the most noble among them as asign of humiliation. Asim the son of Umar accepted the load as a happy augury and took it tothe commander-in-chief, Sad ibn Abi Waqqas, and said to him: Accept our congratulations for the victory. The enemy has voluntarily surrendered his territoryto us. The Battle of Qadisiyyah ensued and after four days of bitter fighting, the Muslim forcesemerged victorious. The victory paved the way for the Muslim advance into the plains of theEuphrates and the Tigris. The Persian capital, Ctesiphon, fell and this was followed by anumber of engagements as the Persians withdrew northwards.Despite other defeats and setbacks, Yazdagird refused to yield and constantly organized newlevies to attack the Muslims and foment insurrection in the provinces which had come under Muslim control.Umar had counselled moderation on his generals and ordered them not to press too far eastwards. However he received news of a massive Persian mobilization of about 15O,OOOwarriors against the Muslims. He thought of leaving Madinah and facing the massive threathimself. He was advised against this by prominent Muslims in Madinah who suggested insteadthat he should appoint a military commander to confront the grave situation. Show me a man whom I can appoint for this task. said. You know your army best, O Amir al-Muminin, they replied and after some thought Umar exclaimed: By God, I shall appoint as commander-in-chief of the Muslim army a man who, when the twoarmies meet, will be the most active. He is an-Numan ibn Muqarrin al-Muzani. To him, Umar despatched a letter: From the servant of God, Umar ibn al-Khattab, to an-Numan ibnMuqarrin: I have received news that large numbers of Persians have gathered to fight you in the city of Nihawand.When this my letter reaches you go forward (to confront them) with the help of God, withwhoever of the Muslims are with you. Don't take the Muslims over too difficult terrain lest theymay be hurt, for one Muslim person is dearer to me than a hundred thousand dinars. AndPeace be unto you.  An-Numan responded to the orders of the Amir al-Muminin and mobilized the Muslim forces.He despatched an advanced detachment of cavalry to reconnoiter the approaches of the city.Just outside Nihawand, the horses stopped and despite prodding would go no further. Theriders dismounted and discovered iron nails in the horses' hooves. They looked around andfound that all approaches to the city were strewn with these iron spikes to halt the advance of the Muslim army. On being informed of this, an-Numan ordered the horsemen to remain wherethey were and at nightfall to light fires for the enemy to see them. They were also to feign fear and defeat in order to entice the enemy to come out to them and in the process clear theapproaches of the iron spikes. The ruse worked. When the Persians saw the van guard of theMuslim army appearing dejected and defeated before them, they sent workers to clear thearea of the spikes. These workers were captured by the Muslim cavalry who gained control of the approaches to the city. Page 3 of 4Biographies of Companions An1/17/2016file:///D:/RahbarTV/To%20Syed-Jan2016/Docs%20from%20Suhail/Authors/Islamic%20B...   An-Numan pitched camp on the outskirts of the city and decided to make a determined assaulton the city. He addressed his soldiers: I shall say Allahu Akbar three times. At the first time,get Yourselves ready (by performing your toilet and making wudu). At the second time, letevery man of you get ready his weapons and gird them on. And the third time, I shall moveagainst the enemies of God and you must join in the attack with me. He went on: And if an-Numan is killed, let no one tarry over him. For I shall (now) make a supplication toGod Almighty and I want everyone of you to say 'Ameen'. He then prayed: May God grantmartyrdom to an-Numan this day and may He grant victory to the Muslims. Three times an-Numan shouted Allahu Akbar. On the third time, he plunged into the ranks of the enemies and the Muslims rushed on behind him. They were outnumbered six to one butinflicted terrible losses on the Persians. An-Numan received a mortal blow during the battle. His brother took the standard from hishand, and covered him with a burdah and concealed his death from the others.The Muslim forces emerged victorious. The Persians never recovered themselves after thisbattle which Muslim historians have called the Victory of Victories .The battle over, the victorious soldiers asked for their valiant commander. His brother lifted theburdab and said: This is your Amir. God has shown him victory and blessed him withmartyrdom. When the news was brought to Umar in Madinah, a companion who was with him said: I sawUmar, may God be pleased with him. When he heard of the death of an-Numan ibn Muqarrin,he placed his head in his hands and began to cry. Page 4 of 4Biographies of Companions An1/17/2016file:///D:/RahbarTV/To%20Syed-Jan2016/Docs%20from%20Suhail/Authors/Islamic%20B...
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