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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level PHYSICS 9702/13 Paper 1 Multiple…
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UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS General Certificate of Education Advanced Subsidiary Level and Advanced Level PHYSICS 9702/13 Paper 1 Multiple Choice May/June 2012 1 hour Additional Materials: Multiple Choice Answer Sheet Soft clean eraser *0311107490* Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended) READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write in soft pencil. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the Answer Sheet in the spaces provided unless this has been done for you. There are forty questions on this paper. Answer all questions. For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate Answer Sheet. Read the instructions on the Answer Sheet very carefully. Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer. Any working should be done in this booklet. This document consists of 24 printed pages. IB12 06_9702_13/RP © UCLES 2012 [Turn over 2 Data speed of light in free space, c = 3.00 × 108 m s–1 permeability of free space, µ0 = 4π × 10–7 H m–1 permittivity of free space, ε0 = 8.85 × 10–12 F m–1 1 ( = 8.99 × 109 m F–1) 4πε 0 elementary charge, e = 1.60 × 10–19 C the Planck constant, h = 6.63 × 10–34 J s unified atomic mass constant, u = 1.66 × 10–27 kg rest mass of electron, me = 9.11 × 10–31 kg rest mass of proton, mp = 1.67 × 10–27 kg molar gas constant, R = 8.31 J K–1 mol–1 the Avogadro constant, NA = 6.02 × 1023 mol–1 the Boltzmann constant, k = 1.38 × 10–23 J K–1 gravitational constant, G = 6.67 × 10–11 N m2 kg–2 acceleration of free fall, g = 9.81 m s–2 © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 3 Formulae 1 uniformly accelerated motion, s = ut + 2 at 2 v 2 = u 2 + 2as work done on/by a gas, W = p∆V gravitational potential, φ = – Gm r hydrostatic pressure, p = ρ gh pressure of an ideal gas, p= 1 Nm c 2 3 V simple harmonic motion, a = – ω 2x velocity of particle in s.h.m., v = v0 cos ωt v = ±ω x 02 − x 2 electric potential, V= Q 4 πε 0r capacitors in series, 1 / C = 1 / C1 + 1 / C2 + . . . capacitors in parallel, C = C1 + C2 + . . . 1 energy of charged capacitor, W= 2 QV resistors in series, R = R1 + R2 + . . . resistors in parallel, 1 / R = 1 / R1 + 1 / R2 + . . . alternating current/voltage, x = x0 sin ωt radioactive decay, x = x0 exp(–λt) decay constant, λ = 0.693 t1 2 © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 4 1 What is a reasonable estimate of the average kinetic energy of an athlete during a 100 m race that takes 10 s? A 40 J B 400 J C 4000 J D 40 000 J 2 When a force F moves its point of application through a displacement s in the direction of the force, the work W done by the force is given by W = F s. How many vector quantities and scalar quantities does this equation contain? A one scalar quantity and two vector quantities B one vector quantity and two scalar quantities C three scalar quantities D three vector quantities 3 What is a possible unit for the product VI, where V is the potential difference across a resistor and I is the current through the same resistor? A newton per second (N s–1) B newton second (N s) C newton metre (N m) D newton metre per second (N m s–1) 4 In an experiment, a radio-controlled car takes 2.50 ± 0.05 s to travel 40.0 ± 0.1 m. What is the car’s average speed and the uncertainty in this value? A 16 ± 1 m s–1 B 16.0 ± 0.2 m s–1 C 16.0 ± 0.4 m s–1 D 16.00 ± 0.36 m s–1 Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 5 5 A light-meter measures the intensity I of the light falling on it. Theory suggests that I varies inversely as the square of the distance d. light-meter d Which graph of the results supports this theory? A B I I 0 0 0 d 0 d C D I I 0 0 0 d2 0 1 d2 Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 6 6 Which feature of a graph allows acceleration to be determined? A the area under a displacement-time graph B the area under a velocity-time graph C the slope of a displacement-time graph D the slope of a velocity-time graph 7 In an experiment to determine the acceleration of free fall using a falling body, what would lead to a value that is too large? A air resistance B dimensions of the body are too large C measured distance longer than true distance D measured time longer than true time Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 7 8 In the absence of air resistance, a stone is thrown from P and follows a parabolic path in which the highest point reached is T. The stone reaches point Q just before landing. T Q P The vertical component of acceleration of the stone is A zero at T. B larger at T than at Q. C larger at Q than at T. D the same at Q as at T. 9 The diagram shows a laboratory experiment in which a feather falls from rest in a long evacuated vertical tube of length L. feather L vacuum The feather takes time T to fall from the top to the bottom of the tube. How far will the feather have fallen from the top of the tube in time 0.50 T? A 0.13 L B 0.25 L C 0.38 L D 0.50 L Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 8 10 The diagram shows a barrel suspended from a frictionless pulley on a building. The rope supporting the barrel goes over the pulley and is secured to a stake at the bottom of the building. barrel 120 kg 18 m man 80 kg stake A man stands close to the stake. The bottom of the barrel is 18 m above the man’s head. The mass of the barrel is 120 kg and the mass of the man is 80 kg. The man keeps hold of the rope after untying it from the stake and is lifted upwards as the barrel falls. What is the man’s upward speed when his head is level with the bottom of the barrel? (Use g = 10 m s–2.) A 6 m s–1 B 8 m s–1 C 13 m s–1 D 19 m s–1 Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 9 11 Each option gives a correct word equation involving force. Which option gives the definition of force? A force = energy divided by displacement B force = mass × acceleration C force = pressure × area D force = rate of change of momentum 12 Two similar spheres, each of mass m and travelling with speed v, are moving towards each other. v v m m The spheres have a head-on elastic collision. Which statement is correct? A The spheres stick together on impact. B The total kinetic energy after impact is mv 2. C The total kinetic energy before impact is zero. D The total momentum before impact is 2 mv. Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 10 13 The diagram shows a crane supporting a load L. R x y W L A mass provides a balancing load W. The position of the load is such that the system is perfectly balanced with Wx = Ly. The ground provides a reaction force R. The distance x does not change. If the load is moved further out so that the distance y increases and the crane does not topple, which statement is correct? A B R R W L W L H H A horizontal force H acts on the base of the A horizontal force H acts on the base of the support column towards the left. support column towards the right. C D R R W L W L The reaction force R moves to the left. The reaction force R moves to the right. Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 11 14 A cylindrical block of wood has cross-sectional area A and weight W. It is totally immersed in water with its axis vertical. The block experiences pressures pt and pb at its top and bottom surfaces respectively. Which expression is equal to the upthrust on the block? A (pb – pt)A + W B (pb – pt) C (pb – pt)A D (pb – pt)A – W 15 A car of mass m travels at constant speed up a slope at an angle θ to the horizontal, as shown in the diagram. Air resistance and friction provide a resistive force F. resistive force F θ What force is needed to propel the car at this constant speed? A mg cos θ B mg sin θ C mg cos θ + F D mg sin θ + F Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 12 16 The force resisting the motion of a car is taken as being proportional to the square of the car’s speed. The magnitude of the force at a speed of 20 m s–1 is 800 N. What effective power is required from the car’s engine to maintain a steady speed of 40 m s–1? A 32 kW B 64 kW C 128 kW D 512 kW 17 A concrete cube of side 0.60 m and uniform density 2.0 × 103 kg m–3 is lifted 5.0 m vertically by a crane. What is the change in potential energy of the cube? A 2.2 kJ B 21 kJ C 59 kJ D 450 kJ 18 What is the internal energy of an object? A It is the energy associated with the object’s movement through space. B It is the energy associated with the random movement of the molecules in the object. C It is the energy due to the attractions between the molecules in the object. D It is the sum of all the microscopic potential and kinetic energies of the molecules in the object. Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 13 19 The data below are taken from a test of a petrol engine for a motor car. power output 150 kW fuel consumption 20 litres per hour energy content of fuel 40 MJ per litre Which expression will evaluate the efficiency of the engine? 150 × 103 A 40 × 10 6 × 20 × 60 × 60 150 × 10 3 × 60 × 60 B 20 × 40 × 10 6 6 150 × 10 3 × 40 × 10 × 20 C 60 × 60 150 × 10 3 × 20 D 40 × 10 3 × 60 × 60 20 What is represented by the gradient of a graph of force (vertical axis) against extension (horizontal axis)? A elastic limit B spring constant C stress D Young modulus Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 14 21 The diagram shows a wire of diameter D and length L that is firmly clamped at one end between two blocks of wood. A load is applied to the wire which causes it to extend by an amount x. blocks of wood wire load By how much would a wire of the same material, but of diameter 2D and length 3L, extend when the same load is applied? 2 3 4 3 A 3 x B 4 x C 3 x D 2 x 22 Which property of a metal wire depends on its Young modulus? A ductility B elastic limit C spring constant D ultimate tensile stress Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 15 23 When white sugar granules are heated, they melt. When the melt is cooled quickly, a brittle solid form of toffee is produced. How does the structure of the sugar change? A amorphous to polymeric B crystalline to amorphous C crystalline to polymeric D polymeric to amorphous 24 At room temperature, the density of liquid mercury is five times greater than the density of solid aluminium. What is the reason for this? A Aluminium atoms are spaced widely apart. B Aluminium atoms move more freely than mercury atoms. C Atoms in a liquid take up less space than atoms in a solid. D Mercury atoms have greater mass than aluminium atoms. Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 16 25 Each box shows identical molecules of a gas represented by circles with arrows to show the direction of travel and the speed of the molecule. A longer arrow represents a higher speed. Which box contains a gas of the highest density and the lowest temperature? A B C D Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 17 26 The diagram shows a displacement-time graph for a progressive wave. displacement 5 / mm 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 time / ms –5 What are the amplitude and frequency of the wave? amplitude / mm frequency / Hz A 5 40 B 5 50 C 10 40 D 10 50 27 Two waves E and G are shown. The waves have the same speed. displacement displacement y0 y0 0 0 0 1 2 3 time / ms 0 1 2 3 time / ms –y0 –y0 E G Which statement is correct? A Wave E has a greater amplitude than wave G. B Wave E has a greater intensity than wave G. C Wave E has a smaller frequency than wave G. D Wave E has a smaller wavelength than wave G. Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 18 28 A diffraction grating is used to measure the wavelength of monochromatic light, as shown in the diagram. grating first order maximum monochromatic 70.0° light first order maximum The spacing of the slits in the grating is 1.00 × 10–6 m. The angle between the first order diffraction maxima is 70.0 °. What is the wavelength of the light? A 287 nm B 470 nm C 574 nm D 940 nm 29 Which observation indicates that sound waves are longitudinal? A Sound can be reflected from a solid surface. B Sound cannot be polarised. C Sound is diffracted around corners. D Sound is refracted as it passes from hot air to cold air. Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 19 30 To produce a stationary wave, two waves must travel in opposite directions through the same space. Which statement about the properties of the two waves must also be true? A The waves must have equal frequency, but a different speed and wavelength. B The waves must have equal speed, but a different wavelength and frequency. C The waves must have equal speed, frequency and wavelength. D The waves must have equal wavelength, but a different speed and frequency. 31 A dipole is a pair of one negative charge and one positive charge of equal magnitude. The electric field of a dipole is shown below. In which direction does the force act on an electron when at point X? X A D B C – + Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 20 32 An iron wire has length 8.0 m and diameter 0.50 mm. The wire has resistance R. A second iron wire has length 2.0 m and diameter 1.0 mm. What is the resistance of the second wire? R R R A B C D R 16 8 2 33 Lightning can occur between a charged cloud and the Earth’s surface when the electric field strength in the intervening atmosphere reaches 25 kN C–1. The diagram shows the electric field between the base of a cloud and the Earth’s surface. base of cloud – – – – – – – – – – – 2 km + + + + + + + + + + + Earth’s surface What is the minimum potential difference between the Earth and the base of a cloud, 2 km high, for lightning to occur? A 12.5 MV B 25 MV C 50 MV D 100 MV 34 There is a current of 10 mA in a conductor for half an hour. How much charge passes a point in the conductor in this time? A 0.3 C B 5C C 18 C D 300 C Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 21 35 In the circuit below, the ammeter reading is I and the voltmeter reading is V. A V When the switch is closed, which row describes what happens to I and V ? I V A decreases decreases to zero B increases decreases to zero C increases stays the same D stays the same increases Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 22 36 The diagram shows a simple circuit. S R Which statement is correct? A When switch S is closed, the electromotive force (e.m.f.) of the battery falls because work is done against the internal resistance of the battery. B When switch S is closed, the e.m.f. of the battery falls because work is done against the resistance R. C When switch S is closed, the potential difference across the battery falls because work is done against the internal resistance of the battery. D When switch S is closed, the potential difference across the battery falls because work is done against the resistance R. 37 The circuit below has a current I in the resistor R. S 3A 9Ω 4A R I What must be known in order to determine the value of I ? A e.m.f. of the power supply B resistance of resistor S C Kirchhoff’s first law D Kirchhoff’s second law Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 23 38 A potential divider consists of a light-dependent resistor (LDR) in series with a variable resistor of resistance R. The resistance of the LDR decreases when the light level increases. The variable resistor can be set at either high resistance or low resistance. +10 V LDR output R voltage 0V Which situation gives the largest output voltage? light level at LDR R A high high B high low C low high D low low Space for working © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12 [Turn over 24 39 Thorium-234 ( 234 90 Th) decays by β-emission into a daughter product which in turn decays by further β-emission into a granddaughter product. Which letter in the diagram represents the granddaughter product? A B 92 91 proton 90 number 89 C D 88 232 233 234 235 236 nucleon number 40 An experiment in which α-particles were deflected by a gold foil produced new insights into the structure of the atom. Which conclusion can be drawn from the results of the experiment? A Atomic nuclei occupy a very small fraction of the volume of an atom. B Electrons orbit the atomic nucleus. C Some atoms of the same element contain different numbers of neutrons. D The atomic nucleus contains protons and neutrons. Space for working Permission to reproduce items where third-party owned material protected by copyright is included has been sought and cleared where possible. Every reasonable effort has been made by the publisher (UCLES) to trace copyright holders, but if any items requiring clearance have unwittingly been included, the publisher will be pleased to make amends at the earliest possible opportunity. University of Cambridge International Examinations is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group. Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge. © UCLES 2012 9702/13/M/J/12
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