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  Social welfare as a basic function of the state was a concept that materialized only after the Second World War, although different groups were undertaking pockets of social work in the first decade of the American occupation in the country. After the war, the Philippine government gradually assumed the major responsibility for social welfare.The job interview in English contains specific questions and appropriate answers. It also requires a certain flexibility in your usage of tenses. This feature provides tips on job interview questions and answers in English.When you walk in the room the very first impression you make on the interviewer can have a great influence on the rest of the interview. It is important that you introduce yourself, shake hands, and are friendly. The first question is often a breaking the ice (establish a rapport) type of question. Don't be surprised if the interviewer asks you something like:How are you today?Did you have any trouble finding us?What do you think of the weather lately?Don't be surprised by the friendly tone. The interviewer wants to put you at ease (help you relax). Answer the question without going into too much detail. The language you use should be simple but polite, for example;How are you today?GOODI'm fine thank you, and you?I'm well thank you.BADSo, soOKNot so wellWhat is most important?Talking about your experience and credentials (qualifications) is the most important part of any job interview. Your qualifications include your education from High School on and any special training you may have done in the past. Your experience is any work that you have done that is directly or indirectly related to the job you are applying for.EducationRemember that your education took place in the past. Therefore you need to use the past tenses, for example:I attended the University of Helsinki from 1987 to 1993.I graduated with a degree in agricultural planning.Etc.If you are currently a student you should use the following present tenses:I am currently studying at the University of New York and will graduate with a degree in Economics in the spring.I am studying English at the Borough Community College.Etc.Remember to include any training you may have had when talking about your education. This includes any computer training, correspondence courses, etc. Make sure   to mention your English studies. This is very important as English is not your first language and the employer may be concerned about this fact. Assure the employer that you are continuing to improve your English skills by any courses you may be taking, or by saying that you study a certain number of hours a week to improve your skills.Experience and QualificationsWork experience is by far the most important topic of any job interview (at least in the United States and Britain). Therefore, it is important to explain what experience you have in detail. Generally, employers want to know exactly what you did and how well you accomplished your tasks. This is not the time to be modest. Be confident, and talk freely about your accomplishments in past employment.The tenses you should use are the following:When talking about current employment be careful to use the present perfect or present perfect continuous. This signals that you are still performing these tasks at your current job, for example:Smith and Co. have employed me for the last 3 years as a salesperson.I have been creating customer contacts for 6months.Etc.When talking about past employers use the past tenses to signal that you are no longer working for that company, for example:I was employed by Jackson's from 1989 to 1992 as a clerk.I worked as a receptionist at the Ritz while I was living in New York.Etc.Talking about ResponsibilitiesMost importantly, you will need to demonstrate your qualifications and skills, which are required for the job you are applying for. The job skills that you have acquired in the past may not have been for the same exact job. Therefore, it is important to show how the capabilities you do have relate to the job you are applying for.I remember a wonderful example of adapting skills to fit the job desired. I had a student from Moscow who had worked as the manager of an important theater in Moscow. Unfortunately, he had to start from the beginning in New York and therefore wanted to get a job as a rodent exterminator (someone who kills rats!). When asked what kind of experience he had, he replied that, as the manager of the theater, he had had to make sure that the theater was always rodent free and was therefore capable of doing the job well! This is a fantastic example of the type of adaptability most employers in the United States are looking for.On the next page you will find a list of appropriate vocabulary to use in the job interviewing process. Good luck!Job interviews can be harrowing experiences. You may feel butterflies in your stomach before you even walk through the interview room door, and you may find the suave replies you imagined yourself making have tangled on your tongue, and the first word of every answer you give is  um.   It can happen to anyone  and probably has happened to everyone at least once. The secret to making a good interview is preparation. Reassess yourself and your reasons for applying for the position and the company. Once this is clear to you, stick to your guns. While interview styles may differ per company (and per in  terviewer), there are a few questions that are more or less standard job interview fare.FN has collected ten basic interview questions you  re likely to face and offers you advice on how to approach each.Tell me about yourself.This is normally one of the first, if not the very first, questions an interviewer will ask you. This is your chance to sell yourself. More likely than not, the interviewer has had a chance to review your resume and application form, so try to avoid giving information already indicated in it; however, you may want to highlight certain points you feel are applicable to the position you  re applying for, and then elaborate. You can also mention other related experiences: for example you  re applying for a sales position, you may want to mention how you enjoyed a sales and marketing class you took, in which you had to sell various products. What made you decide to apply for this position/company?This question can be tricky, and should teach you to listen carefully to the question being asked. While running down the list of reasons you  re suited the position may get a good point across and can help the interviewer assess whether you qualify for the position, it isn  t exactly what they were looking for. Your interviewer wants to determine the reason/s you want the job in order to determine whether you are the right person for it. Being capable of doing the job and wanting it are different things, and these factors can affect your performance and how long you will stay in the company. The best way to answer this question is to express how your relevant competencies and interests meet to make you ideal and motivated for the position.Before applying for a position, or going to a job interview, do some research about the position and the company you're applying for; this means going beyond reading the ad or job description. While responsibilities may vary in different companies, most jobs generally have similar overviews. This way, you won  t be like a solider heading into battle without a gun. It  s best to match your skills to the skills required to fill a certain position. You may also want to briefly describe how and at which points your values and the company  s align.What are your career plans? When discussing your career, remember that it is your chosen profession or occupation and not merely a job. Also, at this point, it is assumed that you already have at least an idea of the direction you want to take with your professional life. Telling an interviewer your plans for your career is  to find a job   is pretty obvious since you  re at a job interview; it  s also annoying and is really not answering the question  and it  s a far more common answer than you might think. Focus more on your professional goals: Do you see yourself in the same company several years down the road? Do you see this as a stepping stone toward other things, or do you plan to stay in this field or industry? Do you want to pursue further studies? If so, how does this fit into your work schedule? Do you see yourself working abroad? You should also give at least an idea of the timeline you set for yourself. For example, when do you plan to pursue your MA or MBA? Or when do you plan to look into pursuing employment opportunities abroad, within the next two years or so?  Giving the interviewer an idea of your goals will tell them more about you  if you are dedicated to the career you are setting yourself up for and the potential for career growth, whether upward or laterally. Also, in being clear about what you expect to achieve, the interviewer may better determine if the company will be able to satisfy your professional needs, therefore leading to a better assessment of whether you will fit the position you are applying for on a more subjective level. What are your strengths and weaknesses?Strengths are skills or values you feel are an asset. Rather than just listing these down, be more specific. Values are relative, therefore tricky. You can be patient, but patient to what extent and in what context? Are you able to endure instructing someone who can  t seem to understand you, or are you uncomplaining of people who are late? You can also give brief examples to be better understood.Weaknesses are skills or values you feel can be a liability and need to improve on. Since these may seem like points against you, turn the negative into a positive. Give weaknesses that, when looking on the bright side, can also be a strength, and highlight that fact. You can also give a weakness that you  ve created alternative solutions to or are currently working to correct. This article on About.com has some great suggestions and examples.Never refuse to answer these questions or give vague and non-committal answers since this will give the impression that you either do not know yourself well or are not confident enough in your abilities to recognize what you're best at and what you need to work on.What is your expected salary?In most cases, especially if you are a fresh grad or are applying for a job in a new industry, you might be clueless as to the standard rates in your industry. Unlike job descriptions, this may not be as easy to research since this may be based on a number of factors. Try to do some research on similar positions in the same company and other companies in the same industry.Be realistic. If you  re applying for an entry level position, don  t assume you  ll receive a salary significantly over minimum wage. If you  re really unsure, consider how much you need, because at the very least, you should be able to afford to support yourself with any job. Although you may not want to name your price, an interviewer may ask for it point blank. In this case, you should give your higher salary expectation (as long as this is not unreasonably high  a distinction you may need some trial and error to make) but add that this is negotiable. Try not to give your last price because this is almost always what the company will take.If you have work experience, in most cases, it  s fairly reasonable to expect a salary no lower than your last  indeed, you should start out by asking for more, especially because you  ll be leaving your present job for the one you  re applying for (and you may not be able to return if things don't go well). You want to make the move worth your while. Which brings us to the next frequently asked question. View high paying jobs at JobStreet.comWhat are your reasons for leaving your previous employment?
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