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  Chapter  011.1   Introduction Education is to Increase in the stocks of skill, knowledge andunderstanding possessed by individual or society or Education is anuncontested acceptance of knowledge.  The proper denition of education isthe process of becoming an educated person. Being an educated personmeans you have access to optimal states of mind regardless of thesituation you are in. Today’s education produces only money makingmachines. e are imparting theoretical knowledge based education. Ithink life without education is a waste. It is worthless, in today’s world. ehave to make the children more aware on socialness.In this globali!ed world each and every nation is moving with thefast changing trends and inconformity with the modern era each hasadapted itself with or without the desired capability. In akistan, theeducation system is fast changing and it re#uires many years to be fullye#uipped with modern amenities. The topic under consideration isdescriptive in regards to prevailing e$amination systems. e are going toknow that in which system of e$amination students can performcomparatively better. The %nnual E$amination system, as adopted bymany universities since long, which conduct one nal e$amination at theend of relevant &ession in all categories' level, in which the papers areusually set by the outsider teachers' professors and checked by e$ternale$aminers through centrali!ed marking, under the supervision of controller of e$amination of the (niversity concern. (nder %nnual  e$amination system, teachers have no proper road map' plan andstrategy to teach his sub)ect, the overall result of the e$aminationconcerned not up to e$pectations. The failure ratios is also high, studentsobtain comparatively low marks, having disciplinary problems. &ince theestablishment of semester system of e$amination in educationalinstitutions, it has been showing a lot of di*erence in connection toe$amination methodology such as conduct of e$amination, tenure of semester, paper setting, paper marking and teacher’s power andauthority, student’s learning and their attitude and discipline.  The semester system as managed and control internally by articulars(niversity itself therefore having many advantages relates to teacher’spower and authority. +omparing it to a #uarterly system it is more e$ibleand has a slower pace of studies which is good for the students.It is )ust that you nish a course in )ust about - months. It is a kind of concentrated learning. therwise the course used to be spread over a full year and you try hard at remembering what was taught in the rst month. &ome other course for which a pre/re#uisite course is re#uired can be taught in the ne$t semester if the pre/re#uisite course is taught in the previous semester. In non/semester type, you have to wait for a full year to learn such a course. &emester system also helps the teachers because they have to teach )ust one or two sub)ects in a semester rather than 0 or - for a full year. They need to concentrate onlesser number of sub)ects so that their teaching can be better.  By and large, % teacher concern comparatively has the advantage to plan and manage the course outlines semester wise, has the power to set the paper, mark the paper, with regular interval with semesters, therefore they have the power and authority to control and maintain discipline among students. Educational System  Educational system is a systematic process of establishing the pillarof society. The word 1E$amination2 con)ures up an image of fear anddread. E$aminations are competitive tests in which each student rise tosurpass his rival 3 and manage the time according to the duration of thesystem.4.&emester &ystem.5.%nnual &ystem. Grading System 6eeping your 7rades up can be vital to your academic success. This7rading &ystem is of two typesa87rade oint %verage 97. .%8 b8 ercentage Evaluation The 7rade oint %verage 97. .%8 is further classied as:/  I.%bsolute 7rading &ystem II.;elative 7rading &ystem  The absolute system allows student to have its own individualassessment of their hard work as far as relative grading is concern relativegrading allows for screening students according to their performancerelative to their peers. In relative grading a histogram of total marksobtained by all students is taken and ranges for assigning various gradesare decided for awarding the grades. These 1ranges2 for assigning gradesare based on upper limit of percentage of students in a course that canhave a particular grade. H.E.C Recommendation for semester and annual system <.E.+ ;ecommendation for semester system BachelorsMasters Total Credits 450/4=>=? 950@>8 Semester Duration 4>/4A eeks4>/4A eeks Course Duration A &emesters 9=.-  0  Cears84.-  5 Cears Summer session 4/5 per %cademic year4/5 per %cademic year Course Load per Semester  4-/4A +redit <rsD/45 +redit <rs<.E.+ ;ecommendation for %nnual system
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