TRACK & FIELD MANUAL

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TRACK & FIELD MANUAL NEBRASKA SCHOOL ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATION 500 Charleston, Suite #1, Lincoln, Nebraska This TRACK & FIELD MANUAL has been prepared and designed to
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TRACK & FIELD MANUAL NEBRASKA SCHOOL ACTIVITIES ASSOCIATION 500 Charleston, Suite #1, Lincoln, Nebraska This TRACK & FIELD MANUAL has been prepared and designed to provide general information for use in the administration of NSAA track & field competition. It will serve as a guide to the participating schools and will provide greater consistency throughout the state. The regulations in this manual shall be considered official unless the schools are notified of a change. Changes, additions and clarifications to the 2018 Manual are highlighted in yellow. Please notice that all Approved Rulings and Interpretations regarding track and field are now published in this Track & Field Manual. All coaches and athletic directors are urged to read this manual thoroughly and to save it for future reference. Nate Neuhaus, Assistant Director, is the NSAA staff member responsible for the administration of Track and Field. He can be reached at as well as NSAA MISSION STATEMENT The public and non-public high schools of Nebraska voluntarily agreed to form the Nebraska School Activities Association for the following purposes: To formulate and make policies which will cultivate high ideals of citizenship, fair competition, sportsmanship and teamwork which will complement the member schools curriculum programs. To foster uniformity of standards in interscholastic activity competition To organize, develop, direct and regulate an interscholastic activity program which is equitable and will protect and promote the health and physical welfare of all participants. CHANGES, UPDATES AND CLARIFICATIONS TO THE 2017 TRACK AND FIELD MANUAL ARE HIGHLIGHTED IN YELLOW 2017 NFHS Rules Changes & Rationale Page NFHS Editorial Changes Page 2 & NFHS Points of Emphasis Page 3 Key Dates Page 3 Student/Team Membership Requirements Page 4 & 5 Online Rules Meeting Dates Page 7 District Meets Officials Fees Page 10 District Meets FAT Requirements Page 10 District Assignments Page 11 District Meets Qualifying from Prelims to Finals Page 12 Class C & Class D State Qualifying Standards Page 17 Additional Qualifier Standards Page 18 Games Committee Rules Page 21 o #24 & #25 - Timing Protocol Field Event Locations Page 22 State Championship Schedule Page 25 State Championships Class C & Class D Heat & Lane Assignments Page 27 Available Shot & Disc (State Championships) Page 30 2018 NFHS Rules Changes & Rationale 4-3-1, 4-3-1b, 4-3-1c Clarifies that for a track and field as well as cross country uniform to be considered legal, the singlet and bottom or onepiece uniform shall be school-issued or school-approved. This change for school approval addresses the need for athletes to purchase a part of their uniform, but such individual apparel shall be approved by the school coach to be certain it meets all rule requirements. Rationale: Clarifies that the school may issue or approve an individually purchased item as part of the official school uniform PENALTY (NEW), , Several prohibitions regarding competitors actions were included but had no associated penalty should the rule not be followed which created confusion for enforcement. The appropriate penalty of disqualification from the event has been added. Rationale: The rule was absent the necessary penalty The requirements for the length of the pole vault crossbar has become more flexible as it can now be within a range in length like the high jump. Rationale: Creates consistency in establishing a range for the length for the crossbar in pole vault. Provides flexibility in the length of the crossbar, like the high jump crossbar (NEW), 4-3 Duplicate language regarding the uniform has been removed from Rule 8, Cross Country, and all rules regarding the uniform for individuals, relay team members and cross country teams are now all contained in one rule, Rule 4. Rationale: Eliminates duplicate language. These two rules are identical except for the rule on the soles of the shoes allowing for one-inch spikes in cross country NFHS MAJOR EDITORIAL CHANGES NOTE 2, 3-1 NOTE Clarifies the referee has the sole authority for ruling on irregularities not covered within the rules Provides greater flexibility by expanding the professional positions which are qualified to survey and measure a track Corrects clerical error in maximum diameter for the boys indoor shot put Removes duplicate language which is covered in Rule regarding broken javelin Removes duplicate language which is covered in Rule regarding excused competitors. 2 2017 NFHS EDITORIAL CHANGES , 4-3-1b(4), 5-2, 6-1-8, PENALTY, , , , 6-6-5, NFHS POINTS OF EMPHASIS 1 Uniforms-Waistbands, Trim, Accents and Compliance 2 Providing Fluids to Competitors at Cross Country Competitions 3 Entry Limits for Individual Contestant 4 Officials Safety and Recommendations in the Long Throws KEY DATES Start of Spring Practice - Week 35, Monday, February 26, 2018 First Spring Contest - Week 37, Thursday, March 15, 2018 NSAA District Entry Deadline - Not Applicable (District Host will set deadline) District Meet (Class A & D) - Week 45, Wednesday, May 9, 2018 District Meet (Class B & C) - Week 45, Thursday, May 10, 2018 State Meet - Week 46, Friday, May 18 & Saturday, May 19, 2018 NSAA and NFHS Policy Statement on Steroids The Nebraska School Activities Association (NSAA) and the National Federation of State High School Association (NFHS), strongly oppose the abuse of anabolic steroids and other performance-enhancing substances by high school studentathletes. Such use violates legal, ethical and competitive equity standards, and imposes unreasonable long-term health risks. The NSAA and the NFHS support prohibitions by educational institutions, amateur and professional organizations and governmental regulators on the use of anabolic steroids and other controlled substances, except as specifically prescribed by physicians for therapeutic purposes. NSAA Point of Emphasis on Pole Vault A point of emphasis is to be communicated to all track and field coaches and administrators regarding the pole vault, stressing that NFHS rules require vaulters be placed on vaulting poles for warm-up and competition that are rated at or above the vaulter s actual weight. This expectation results from a concern about legal liability and reports of some vaulters in Nebraska being equipped with poles that are rated less than the vaulter s actual weight. Coaches must sign the pole vault verification card for all competitions, verifying the vaulter s weight and the weight rating of the pole being used. The NSAA Board of Directors will reserve the option to spot check weights through weigh-ins for vaulters if there are concerns about compliance with this rule. 3 Warning about the Inherent Dangers of Track and Field Schools, coaches, student athletes and parents should be aware that track and field, like all sports, will always have inherent dangers. Although rare, death or catastrophic injury can result from participation in this sport, and care should be taken by all concerned to minimize such dangers through the use of appropriate equipment, proper training methods and common sense. The NSAA encourages student athletes in all activities, and their parents, to discuss risks and risk minimization with coaches, school administrators and state high school association officials. NSAA BYLAWS GOVERNING ALL ACTIVITIES 2.11 PENALTIES School Violations. For violation by a member school of any of the provisions of the Constitution, Bylaws, or rules adopted by the Representative Assembly or approved by the member schools or the Board of Directors, the Board of Directors or Executive Director may impose, but not be limited to, one or more of the following penalties: Issue a private or public reprimand to the school Recommend that the responsible school official receive a private or public reprimand Enforce the forfeiture of one or more contests in team or individual sports Enforce the forfeiture of points scored by students in individual competition A student or staff member may be reprimanded, placed on probation, or suspended from participation for one or more contests Recommend that the school declare the guilty student ineligible for up to ninety school days or the remainder of the school year Place the school on probation for a period not to exceed one calendar year Suspend a school for part or all of the season of an activity Expel the school from Association membership for a period not to exceed one calendar year Student Violations. If a student violates any of the provisions of the Constitution, Bylaws, or Approved Rulings during the course of an Association-sponsored district contest, playoff, or state contest, the Board of Directors or Executive Director may suspend the student from further competition for any portion or all of the remainder of the sub-district, district, playoff, or state contests Participant Ejections from Athletic Contests. Any participant ejected from a contest for unsportsmanlike conduct shall be ineligible for the next athletic contest at that level of competition and all other athletic contests at any level during the interim, in addition to the other penalties the NSAA or the school may assess Coach Ejections from Athletic Contests. Any coach ejected from a contest for unsportsmanlike conduct shall be ineligible to coach the next athletic contest at that level of competition and all other athletic contests at any level during the interim, in addition to the other penalties the NSAA or the school may assess Investigation. Prior to the assessment of any penalty, the Executive Director will gather data in order to establish intent, fault, and the effect an ineligible participant had on any interschool contest. These factors shall be weighed in determining the severity of the penalty assessed. The Executive Director's decision may be appealed to the Board of Directors Institution Control. If the said violation is brought to the attention of the Board of Directors as a result of selfpolicing by the offending school, the Board of Directors shall issue the highest of commendations to the administration of the school for its efforts in enforcing the Constitution. Student/Team Membership Requirements To be a participant in any NSAA activity at either the varsity or non-varsity levels of competition, an individual must be a bona fide student of a member high school. Exempt-school or home-school students, unless enrolled in a minimum of twenty credit hours of schoolwork, at least ten of those credit hours in the member high school, are not eligible to represent a member school in NSAA activities, regardless of the level of participation or competition. 4 3.3.7 Eligibility for District / State Competition 1. In all athletic activities, teams wishing to enter a subdistrict, district, or state contest shall have participated in a minimum of five interschool varsity contests prior to the subdistrict, district, or state contest. a. Exceptions to the requirements for a team that has not participated in at least five interschool varsity contests would be considered if the team was unable to participate if weather conditions forced a cancellation of scheduled contests. Other extenuating circumstances would be considered by the Executive Director on a case-by-case basis. 2. In order to participate in a district or state tournament, a student is required to have been a member of the school s team for at least twenty school days prior to the first day of the subdistrict, district, or state tournament. a. Exceptions to the requirements for a student who is not a member of the school team for twenty school days would be considered if an individual was unable to participate because of illness, injury, or transfer from another high school. School, team, or game suspensions, regardless of the underlying cause, shall not be considered as exceptions to this participation rule. 3. To be eligible to participate in a sub-district, district, and/or state contest, a student shall have been a member of a school s team and shall have been available to participate in at least eighty percent (80%) of the school s scheduled interschool contests and not have missed more than twenty percent (20%) of the school s scheduled contests because of participating in non-high school competition. a. Exceptions to the requirements for a student who has not been available to participate in at least 80% of the school s varsity interschool contests would be considered if an individual was unable to participate because of illness, injury, transfer from another high school, or if weather conditions forced a cancellation of scheduled contests. School, team, or game suspensions, regardless of the underlying cause, shall not be considered as exceptions to this participation rule. b. When determining whether a student has been available for 80% of the school s varsity interschool contests, one would divide the number of varsity interschool contests for which the student was available by the school s total number of varsity interschool contests; all decimals.1 or above would be rounded up to the next higher whole number. c. The term available to participate means that the student was a bona fide member of the team, eligible to participate for the school at some level of competition in the sport, not suspended from participation in activities for violation of school, team, or NSAA rules, and not involved in outside participation activities (exception: Olympic Development Program or national team activities as approved by the NSAA.) 4. For situations pertaining to eligibility to participate in district or state contests that are not specifically addressed by these guidelines, the Executive Director shall have the authority to waive membership and participation requirements on a case-by-case basis. Approved Rulings and Interpretations for During a sports season, a school shall not permit a student who is not a member of the high school s team, an adult, a college student, or alumni to participate in any practice session, drill, scrimmage, or game in which a school team is involved (e.g., boys soccer team member cannot participate with girls soccer team members, etc.). This does not prevent a coach from being involved for the primary purpose of teaching or demonstrating a skill, method, or technique. 3.5 PARTICIPATION ON NON-HIGH SCHOOL TEAMS AND IN NON-HIGH SCHOOL COMPETITION Any student who participates in any athletic contest other than as a representative of his/her high school during the season of the sport involved becomes ineligible to represent his/her school in that sport for one or more contests or the remainder of the season Individual Instruction. During a season of a sport, a student is permitted to take individual instruction from a person other than the high school coach at times other than scheduled high school practice sessions, but such instructions shall not interfere with, nor be substituted for the high school coaching, practice sessions, or contest. Approved Rulings and Interpretations for During a season of a sport, a student is permitted to take individual instruction from a person other than the high school coach. Group instruction, practices with outside teams, and tryouts for outside teams other than as a part of a college or university recruiting visit, however, are not permitted. 5 PROTESTS Protests Protests based upon the eligibility of players will be considered by the Executive Director and Board of Directors Protests based upon play situations and situations which involve judgment on the part of game officials will not be considered. NSAA Policy on Anonymous Calls and Communications The Nebraska School Activities Association expects individuals with complaints and reports regarding member schools to duly identify themselves. Anonymous letters, electronic mail, and phone calls directed to the NSAA shall be forwarded by the NSAA Executive Director to the school administrator of the school in question, with no further action being taken by NSAA unless a violation is subsequently reported by the member school. NSAA Sportsmanship Guidelines and Ejections 1. Enforcement of the sit-out rule for ejections from high school contests for unsportsmanlike conduct is a responsibility of the member school. Failure to properly enforce this rule could result in other sanctions by the NSAA. 2. Administrators will be expected to promptly file a report with the NSAA whenever a participant or coach from their school has been ejected from any high school contest. Such filing must be done online under the AD login section of the NSAA webpage. 3. A participant or coach ejected from a contest for unsportsmanlike conduct shall be ineligible for the next athletic contest at that level of competition and any other athletic contest at any level during the interim. 4. Enforcement of the sit-out rule is expected to begin immediately, regardless whether it is regular-season or tournament play. 5. Any participant ejected a second time during a season from a contest for unsportsmanlike conduct shall be ineligible for the next two contests at that level of competition and all other athletic contests at any level during the interim, in addition to other penalties the NSAA or school may assess. 6. Any participant ejected a third time during a season from a contest for unsportsmanlike conduct shall be ineligible for the next three contests at that level of competition and all other athletic contests at any level during the interim, in addition to other penalties the NSAA or school may assess. 7. During the time of their sit-out suspension, athletes who are ejected for unsportsmanlike conduct may not suit up or participate, but it is the school s discretion whether such athlete is able to travel with the team or sit on the team bench. 8. Coaches who are ejected for unsportsmanlike conduct may not coach in any contest or be present at the contest site during the time of their sit-out suspension. Coaches who are ejected will also be required to successfully complete the NFHS online course TEACHING AND MODELING BEHAVIOR within 10 days of the ejection. Failure to successfully complete the course will result in a suspension from coaching for the remainder of the season. In those situations in which the ejection of the coach occurs near the end of the season or during the NSAA end-of-season play, the coach will be required to successfully complete the NFHS Sportsmanship online course before being able to coach the following season or year. 9. Coaches who are ejected a second time in a season will be required to sit-out the next two contests at that level, plus all other contests at other levels during the interim. Coaches may not be present at the contest site during the time of their sit-out suspension. Any coach ejected a second time will also be required to successfully complete the NFHS online course FUNDAMENTALS OF COACHING within 10 days of the ejection. Failure to successfully complete the course will result in a suspension from coaching for the remainder of the season. In those situations in which the ejection of the coach occurs near the end of the season or during the NSAA end-of-season play, the coach will be required to successfully complete the NFHS Fundamentals of Coaching online course before being able to coach the following season or year. 10. If the ejection takes place in the final game of the season, the suspension will carry over to the following season of the same sport. 11. When schools have students or coaches with multiple ejections, the school shall submit to the NSAA a written management plan on how they plan to remediate the problem. 12. Officials will be expected to file with the NSAA an ejection report for any ejection of a player or coach from a contest online. Any unusual situation that occurs prior to, during, or after a contest should also be reported. 13. Prompt reporting to the NSAA office by the official is necessary. Officials are ask
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