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Water Pollution in Bodies of Water
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  Dejarme, Alyssa Jill M.March 3, 2017Environmental Engineering Pollution in Bodies of Water(Streams, Lakes, and Oceans) Water  covers 70% o the Earth!s s race an# ma$es  over &0% o the h man 'o#y. Water oll tion aects marine ecosystems, (il#lie health, an# h man (ell)'eing. *he ans(er to solving oll tion is toma$e changes in o r #aily ha'its an# ay more attention to the tyes o ro# cts (e cons me. *heollo(ing lists #islay ca ses o (ater oll tion an# the eects it has on h man health an# the environment+eschoolto#ay.Water oll tion has 'een e-tensively #oc mente# as a contri' tor to health ro'lems in h mans an#marine animal ecosystems. t has a h ge imact on o r lives, an# i (e #o o r art 'y not thro(ing trash or chemicals into o r (ater s lies an# #rains, (e can contri' te to the imrovement o a/ atic lie an# o o r health in general +gogreenaca#emy.Water oll tion is the contamination o (ater  'o#ies +e.g .a$es ,rivers, oceans, a/ iers an# gro n#(ater . *his orm o  environmental #egra#ation occ rs (hen  oll tants are #irectly or in#irectly #ischarge# into (ater 'o#ies (itho t a#e/ ate treatment to remove harm l como n#s +Wi$ie#ia.Water oll tion aects the entire 'ioshere  lants an# organisms living in these  'o#ies o (ater . n almost all cases the eect is #amaging not only to in#ivi# al secies an# o lation, ' t also to thenat ral  'iological comm nities +Wi$ie#ia. Types of Water PollutionNutrients Pollution ome (aste(ater, ertiliers an# se(age contain high levels o n trients.  they en#  in (ater 'o#ies, theyenco rage algae an# (ee# gro(th in the (ater. *his (ill ma$e the (ater n#rin$a'le, an# even clog ilters. *oo m ch algae (ill also se  all the o-ygen in the (ater, an# other (ater organisms in the (ater (ill #ie o t o o-ygen starvation +eschoolto#ay.  Surface water pollution  race (ater incl #es nat ral (ater o n# on the earth4s s race, li$e rivers, la$es, lagoons an# oceans. 5aar#o s s 'stances coming into contact (ith this s race (ater, #issolving or mi-ing hysically (ith the (ater can 'e calle# s race (ater oll tion.  Oxyen !epletin Water 'o#ies have micro)organisms. *hese incl #e aero'ic an# anaero'ic organisms. When too m ch  'io#egra#a'le matter +things that easily #ecay en#  in (ater, it enco rages more microorganism gro(th, an# they se  more o-ygen in the (ater.  o-ygen is #elete#, aero'ic organisms #ie, an# anaero'ic organisms gro( more to ro# ce harm l to-ins s ch as ammonia an# s li#es.   round water pollution When h mans aly estici#es an# chemicals to soils, they are (ashe# #ee into the gro n# 'y rain(ater. *his gets to n#ergro n# (ater, ca sing oll tion n#ergro n#. *his means (hen (e #ig (ells an# 'ore holes to get (ater rom n#ergro n#, it nee#s to 'e chec$e# or gro n# (ater oll tion +eschoolto#ay. #icro$ioloical n many comm nities in the (orl#, eole #rin$ ntreate# (ater +straight rom a river or stream. ometimes there is nat ral oll tion ca se# 'y microorganisms li$e vir ses, 'acteria an# rotooa. *his  nat ral oll tion can ca se ishes an# other (ater lie to #ie. *hey can also ca se serio s illness to h mans (ho #rin$ rom s ch (aters +eschoolto#ay.  Suspended #atter ome oll tants +s 'stances, articles an# chemicals #o not easily #issolve in (ater. *his $in# o material is calle# artic late matter. ome s sen#e# oll tants later settle n#er the (ater 'o#y. *his can harm an# even $ill a/ atic organisms that live at the 'ottom o (ater 'o#ies +eschoolto#ay.  %&emical Water Pollution Many in# stries an# armers (or$ (ith chemicals that en#  in (ater. *his is common (ith 6oint)so rce 6oll tion. *hese incl #e chemicals that are se# to control (ee#s, insects an# ests. Metals an# solvents rom in# stries can oll te (ater 'o#ies. *hese are oisono s to many orms o a/ atic lie an# may slo( their #eveloment, ma$e them inertile an# $ill them +eschoolto#ay.  Oil Spillae il sills s ally have only a localie# eect on (il#lie ' t can srea# or miles. *he oil can ca se the#eath to many ish an# get st c$ to the eathers o sea'ir#s ca sing them to lose their a'ility to ly. 8o tineshiing, r n)os an# # ming o oils on the ocean s races haen every #ay. il sills ma$e  a'o t12% o the oil that enters the ocean +eschoolto#ay. Sewae and waste water Every #ay, (e coo$, #o la n#ry, l sh the toilet, (ash o r cars, sho(er an# #o many things that se (ater. *hin$ a'o t ho( (e se (ater in schools, hositals an#  'lic laces +eschoolto#ay. Septic Tanks Every #omestic +home toilet is connecte# to setic tan$ s ally locate# o tsi#e the ho se. Each time oo is l she# #o(n the toilet, it goes into this tan$, (here the soli# art is searate# rom the li/ i# art. 9iological rocesses are se# to 'rea$ #o(n the soli#s an# the li/ i# is s ally #raine# o t into a lan# #rainage system. :rom this stage, it can escae into the soil an# near'y (ater 'o#ies +eschoolto#ay. Ocean and marine dumpin Again, thin$ o the r ''ish (e all ma$e each #ay. 6aer (aste, oo# (aste, lastic, r ''er, metallic an#al min m (aste. n some co ntries, they are #eosite# into the sea. *hese (aste tyes ta$e some time to#ecomose. :or e-amle, it is $no(n that aer ta$es a'o t & (ee$s, al min m ta$es a'o t 200 years an#glass ta$es even more years. When these en#  in the sea, they harm sea animals an# ca se a lot o (ater animal #eaths +eschoolto#ay. 'nderround storae and tu$e leakaes Many li/ i# ro# cts +etrole m ro# cts are store# in metal an# steel t 'es n#ergro n#. ther se(age systems r n in n#ergro n# t 'es. ver time, they r st an# 'egin to lea$.  that haens, they contaminate the soils, an# the li/ i#s in them en#  in many near'y (ater 'o#ies +eschoolto#ay. tmosp&eric Atmosheric #eosition is the oll tion o (ater 'o#ies ca se# 'y air oll tion. Each time the air is oll te#(ith s lh r #io-i#e an# nitrogen o-i#e, they mi- (ith (ater articles in the air an# orm a to-ic s 'stance. *his alls as aci# rain to the gro n# an# gets (ashe# into (ater 'o#ies. *he res lt is that (ater 'o#ies also get contaminate# an# this aects animals an# (ater organisms +eschoolto#ay. !omestic wastewater  Domestic el ents are generate# rom activities s ch as 'athing, la n#ry, cleaning, coo$ing, (ashing, an# other $itchen activities. *his contains a large amo nt o organic (aste (ith s sen#e# soli#s an# coliorms. ;alc lations ma#e 'ase# on availa'le #ata sho( that hal the organic (aste is rom the #omestic sector +6EM, 2003.  ricultural wastewater Agric lt re an# livestoc$ activities incl #e the raising or ro# ction o hogs, chic$en, cattle, an# other #airyarming activities, all o (hich generate high organic (aste(ater. A n m'er o these arms, incl #ing  'ac$yar# animal arms, have no aroriate (aste(ater treatment acilities. *his is consi#ere# as the major so rce o oll tion in r ral areas +EM9, 200&< 6EM, 2003. ffects of Water Pollution!eat& of a*uatic (water) animals *he main ro'lem ca se# 'y (ater oll tion is that it $ills lie that #een#s on these (ater 'o#ies. Dea# ish, cra's, 'ir#s an# sea g lls, #olhins, an# many other animals oten (in#  on 'eaches, $ille# 'y  oll tants in their ha'itat +living environment +eschoolto#ay. !isruption of food+c&ains 6oll tion #isr ts the nat ral oo# chain as (ell. 6oll tants s ch as lea# an# ca#mi m are eaten 'y tiny animals. ater, these animals are cons me# 'y ish an# shellish, an# the oo# chain contin es to 'e #isr te# at all higher levels +eschoolto#ay. !iseases Event ally, h mans are aecte# 'y this rocess as (ell. 6eole can get #iseases s ch as heatitis 'y eating seaoo# that has 'een oisone#. n many oor nations, there is al(ays o t'rea$ o cholera an# #iseases as a res lt o oor #rin$ing (ater treatment rom contaminate# (aters +eschoolto#ay.  !estruction of ecosystems Ecosystems +the interaction o living things in a lace, #een#ing on each other or lie can 'e severely change# or #estroye# 'y (ater oll tion. Many areas are no( 'eing aecte# 'y careless h man oll tion, an# this oll tion is coming 'ac$ to h rt h mans in many (ays +eschoolto#ay. eferences-Book- Greenpeace. 2007. The state of water resources in the Philippines. We$sites- htts=>>en.(i$ie#ia.org>(i$i>Water?oll tionhtt=>>eschoolto#ay.com>oll tion>(ater)oll tion>eects)o)(ater)oll tionhtt=>>eschoolto#ay.com>oll tion>(ater)oll tion>tyes)o)(ater)oll tionhtt=>>(((.gogreenaca#emy.com>ca ses)an#)eects)o)(ater)oll tion
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