The Poverty Risks of Women Affected by Violence and Their Children

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In the context of this project WAVE established a national group of experts who, in six workshops, intensively studied various aspects of the social and economic situation of women experiencing violence. This was paralleled by an in-depth analysis of Austria’s report on strategies of social protection and social inclusion 2008–105, especially with regard to the central themes of poverty and violence against women. WAVE , because of its location at the Austrian Autonomous Women’s Shelters Association (AÖF), indirectly is a member of Armutskonferenz, the Austrian Anti-poverty Network.
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   THE POVERTY RISKS OF WOMEN AFFECTED BY VIOLENCE AND THEIR CHILDREN Report on the socioeconomic situation in Austria  PUBLISHERWAVE – WOMEN AGAINST VIOLENCE EUROPEEuropean Network and European Info Centre Against ViolenceBacherplatz 10/4, A–1050 Vienna, AustriaManagement and coordination: Maria Rösslhumer, Regina Webhofer, Alina ZacharEditor: Sabine Klein Translation by Susanne Ofner (phoenix) Translation of recommendations and examples by Colin McKenzie.Layout: Leocadia Rump Printed by: Reumiller&Reumiller This report has been drawn up in the context of the PROGRESS programme GenderWorks: Mainstreaming and Communicating Gender Equality in Anti Poverty and Inclusion Strategies, and was funded by the European Commission.Management and coordination of the overall project GenderWorks:Steph Kendrick-Jones (Oxfam UK Poverty Programme/Project Manager), Sue Smith (Oxfam UK Poverty Programme/ Senior Policy and Programme Adviser), Sue Balcomb (Oxfam UK Poverty Programme/England Country Director)Project partner organisations of GenderWorks: WAVE Women Against Violence in Europe (Austria)Oxfam (UK)Lamoro (Italy) Vienna 2009 IMPRINT S 1  G e n d e r W o r ks  P u t t i n g  w o m e n a t  t h e  h ea r t  o f  E u r o p e  CONTENTS 0. INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................................................................................................................  5 0.1. Poverty has a female face ........................................................................................................................................................................ 60.2. Fundamental prerequisites for a life without poverty ....................................................................................................................  70.3. Capabilities and perspectives ................................................................................................................................................................  80.4. Social exclusion ...........................................................................................................................................................................................  80.5. Poverty risks and violence against women ....................................................................................................................................... 80.6. Gender-related reasons for poverty .....................................................................................................................................................  90.7. The scope and consequences of violence against women and their children ................................................................  100.8. At-risk groups .............................................................................................................................................................................................  130.9. The special situation of children .........................................................................................................................................................  13 0.10. Denitions of individual at-risk groups ..........................................................................................................................................  150.10.1. Immigrants ............................................................................................................................................................................................  150.10.2. Asylum seekers ...................................................................................................................................................................................  170.10.3. Older women ........................................................................................................................................................................................  210.10.4. Women with disabilities ...................................................................................................................................................................  210.10.5. Single mothers .....................................................................................................................................................................................  22 1. HEALTH ............................................................................................................................................................................................................  25 1.1. Health and poverty ...................................................................................................................................................................................  251.2. Interactions between health, poverty and violence against women ....................................................................................  251.3. The situation of immigrants affected by violence ........................................................................................................................  271.4. The situation of women with disabilities affected by violence ...............................................................................................  281.5. The situation of older women affected by violence ....................................................................................................................  291.6. Recommendations ...................................................................................................................................................................................  31 Example ........................................................................................................................................................................................................  34 2. EDUCATION AND TRAINING ................................................................................................................................................................  37 2.1. Education/training and poverty ...........................................................................................................................................................  372.2. Interactions between education and training, poverty and violence against women ...................................................  372.3. The situation of immigrants affected by violence ........................................................................................................................  382.4. The situation of women with disabilities affected by violence ...............................................................................................  402.5. The situation of older women affected by violence ....................................................................................................................  412.6. Recommendations ...................................................................................................................................................................................  41 3. INCOME ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................  44 3.1. Income and poverty .................................................................................................................................................................................  443.2. Interactions between income, poverty and violence against women ..................................................................................  453.3. The situation of immigrants affected by violence ........................................................................................................................  453.4. The situation of women with disabilities affected by violence ...............................................................................................  463.5. The situation of older women affected by violence ....................................................................................................................  483.6. Recommendations ...................................................................................................................................................................................  48 Example ........................................................................................................................................................................................................  50 S 2 |  THE POVERTY RISKS OF WOMEN AFFECTED BY VIOLENCE AND THEIR CHILDREN | Report on the socioeconomic situation in Austria  4. INADEQUATE SOCIAL BENEFITS ......................................................................................................................................................  52 4.1. Inadequate social benets and povertyc ........................................................................................................................................  52 4.2. Interactions between inadequate social benets, poverty and violence against women ...........................................  534.3. The situation of immigrants affected by violence ........................................................................................................................  544.4. The situation of women with disabilities affected by violence ...............................................................................................  544.5. The situation of older women affected by violence ....................................................................................................................  55 4.6. Recommendations ...................................................................................................................................................................................  56 Example ........................................................................................................................................................................................................  57 5. HOUSING ........................................................................................................................................................................................................  59 5.1. Housing and poverty ...............................................................................................................................................................................  595.2. Interactions between housing, poverty and violence against women ..............................................................................  605.2.1. The general situation in Vienna ........................................................................................................................................................ 615.2.2. The general situation in Salzburg ...................................................................................................................................................  625.3. The situation of immigrants affected by violence ........................................................................................................................  625.4. The situation of women with disabilities affected by violence ...............................................................................................  635.5. The situation of older women affected by violence ....................................................................................................................  635.6. Recommendations ...................................................................................................................................................................................  64 6. SEPARATION | DIVORCE .........................................................................................................................................................................  65 6.1. Separation | divorce and poverty .......................................................................................................................................................  656.2. Interactions between separation/divorce, poverty and violence against women ...........................................................  666.3. The situation of immigrants affected by violence ........................................................................................................................  686.4. The situation of older women affected by violence ....................................................................................................................  686.5. The situation of single mothers and their children ......................................................................................................................  696.6. Recommendations ...................................................................................................................................................................................  70 7. THE ACT ON SETTLEMENT AND RESIDENCE (NAG) .............................................................................................................  72 7.1. Immigration and poverty ........................................................................................................................................................................  727.2. Interactions between immigration, poverty and violence against women .........................................................................  72 7.3. Family reunication ..................................................................................................................................................................................  73 7.4. Dependence on the reunier with regard to residence and labour laws ............................................................................  75 7.5. Sufcient income to ensure subsistence ........................................................................................................................................  777.6. Health insurance .......................................................................................................................................................................................  797.7. Evidence of accommodation ...............................................................................................................................................................  807.8. Extension procedures .............................................................................................................................................................................  807.9. Recommendations ...................................................................................................................................................................................  80 Fallbeispiel ...................................................................................................................................................................................................  82 8. GOOD PRACTICE EXAMPLE: Prevention of poverty in Vienna’s women’s shelters .............................................  84 9 .REFERENCES ...............................................................................................................................................................................................  89 S 3
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