Somalia Impact Report: The World Citizens Panel | Survey Methodology

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The World Citizens Panel (WCP) was established by Oxfam Novib to measure the impact of its programmes among people living in poverty and injustice. The approach combines quantitative research (impact surveys) with qualitative research (stories of change) and gives participants a voice in evaluation, and the opportunity to learn how programmes can be improved and to contribute to public debate on the effectiveness of development cooperation.
    Somalia impact report The World Citizens Panel: Insights in Oxfam’s contribution to changes in people’s lives    APRIL 2015    WORLD CITIZENS PANEL SOMALIA IMPACT REPORT 1   INDEX SUMMARY 2   AKNOWLEDGEMENTS 3   1   INTRODUCTION 4   1.1 SOMALIA’S CONTEX T 4   1.2 OXFAM’S  STRATEGY FOR SOMALIA 5   1.3 RIGHTS BASED APPROACH 6   1.4 IMPACT MEASUREMENT APPROACH IN BRIEF 7   1.5 STUDY OBJECTIVE 8   2   METHODOLOGY 9   2.1   SURVEY PROCESS 9   2.2   QUESTIONNAIRE 9   2.3   PARTNERS AND RESPONDENTS 9   2.4   ANALYSES 11   3   RESULTS OF THE SURVEY 13   3.1   SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS 13   3.2   ESSENTIAL SERVICES 18   3.3   LIFE AND SECURITY 25   3.4   SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PARTICIPATION 29   3.5   GENDER AND EMPOWERMENT 33   4   CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 38    2  WORLD CITIZENS PANEL SOMALIA IMPACT REPORT SUMMARY  An impact study was carried out by Oxfam Novib, HIRDA and partners in Somalia in 2013/2014. The study covered a broad set of indicators, covering the major dimensions of poverty and injustice as described in Oxfam’s rights -based approach. Data collection was conducted by partners in their own working areas with the help of a Smartphone app, which transferred data into a central data base, managed and analysed by the Oxfam Novib World Citizens Panel team in The Hague. This report presents the major findings from the impact analysis. MAIN FEATURES OF THE SOMALIA IMPACT SURVEY  About 100 interviewers carried out a total of 6.000 interviews; This is a randomly selected sample from about 55.000 primary stakeholders (the total number of people participating in the projects of Oxfam Novib and partners in Somalia) Data collection took place in November and December 2013 and January 2014 20 partners carried out the surveys in their own operational areas The data of 1 partner was excluded from the country impact report because of coding errors 10 partners included a control group in their surveys Major activities for the respondents were: sustainable livelihoods (27%), education (17%), humanitarian aid (12%), and women’s rights (12%).  The average number of years that respondents had been participating in the activities of partner organizations varied a lot between partners (from a few months to 7.5 years). MAIN OUTCOMES Impact on livelihoods: Significant differences between target group and control group were found with respect to increased income, increased value of assets and months of sufficient food. Project participation has a positive impact on school enrolment, but still much to do with respect to the quality of education. Child mortality among the target group was significantly lower than among the control group Surprisingly for a country like Somalia that continues to be instable and insecure, a large majority of the respondents have mentioned that they had no experience of physical damage due to disasters and neither do they feel a threat. In addition, few people have taken preventive measures regarding possible future disasters. But also few people feel capable to do so. There were no significant differences between the target group and control group on this topic.  Access to information and the ab ility to talk about women’s rights is very limited in Somalia. Violence against women is a problem according to the majority of respondents. Despite many projects on gender and empowerment, talking about sexual and reproductive rights is still a taboo in many communities, both for our target groups and the control groups.    WORLD CITIZENS PANEL SOMALIA IMPACT REPORT 3   AKNOWLEDGEMENTS This impact report is based on the combined efforts of the staff of Oxfam Novib, HIRDA and part-ners in Somalia. Each local partner had a survey coordinator, who trained and guided interviewers to collect the data. Key players for this exercise were of course the interviewers, who put great effort in obtaining reli-able data from respondents in often insecure and harsh circumstances, and the respondents them-selves, whose perceptions and insights form the basis of this impact report. The overall process was coordinated by Mr.    Abdulllahi Ahmed Mohamed from HIRDA, who pro-vided logistical support under the guidance of Sylvana Rikkert and Fatumo Farah of the HIRDA office in Amsterdam. Maryam Hassan from the Oxfam Novib Somalia office in Nairobi organised the start up workshop in Hargeisa, provided background information on the Oxfam Somalia programme and arranged for a proper follow up with partners in Somalia. The statistical analyses were conducted in STATA by Tigist Mekuria, a Master  ’ s student in Devel-opment Economics at Wageningen University under guidance of the project leader of the Oxfam Novib World Citizens Panel team in The Hague (Peter Huisman) and academic supervision by Dr. Marrit van den Berg. Quality checks on statistical procedures and advise on data presentation were given by Rik Linssen and Irene de Goede.
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