Rights-based Approaches: Learning project | Oxfam

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The failure to respect, protect, or fulfil human rights is a fundamental and leading obstacle to economic development and social justice. Practically speaking, however, NGOs are still struggling to understand what this major organisational shift means. The term ‘rights-based approaches’ (RBAs) has become so familiar that we tend to assume that it is well-understood and that it is a foregone conclusion that rights-based approaches offer more potential for sustainable impact. This report is built around case studies that provide compelling conclusions about the differences between rights-based and more traditional projects, and their relative impacts. It presents the findings of a collaborative Learning Project between CARE USA and Oxfam America, who compared RBA projects with non-RBA projects and identified best practices and lessons that could be used to improve the application of rights-based approaches in programming. In doing this they confirmed that rights-based approaches strengthen development work, and provide a valuable analysis for field-based staff, partners, and other development practitioners working on the design and implementation of rights-based projects.
  Rights-based Approaches  Learning Project  Rights-based Approaches  Learning Project  AUTHORS: Jude Rand with Gabrielle Watson DESIGN: Maxtudio PHOTOS: CARE USA and Oxfam America photo archivesOxfam America and CARE USA gratefully acknowledge the Joyce Mertz-Gilmore Foundation for the funding to support this project.© 2007, Oxfam America and Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere, Inc. (CARE USA). All rights reserved, however this publication may be reproduced by any method without fee solely for teaching purposes and not for resale; provided that (1) no modication is made to the publication and it is not incorporated into any other document; (2) written prior permission from either CARE USA, Oxfam America or Oxfam GB is obtained ; and (3) the following notice shall appear conspicuously on each reproduction: “Rights-based Approaches Learning Project. Copyright 2007 Oxfam America and Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere, Inc (CARE), distributed by Oxfam GB. Used by Permission”. For any other use, including without limitation copying, editing, incorporating into other work, translation, digitizing, and/or incorporating into an electronic database, prior written permission from either CARE USA, Oxfam America or Oxfam GB must be obtained and a fee may be payable.Oxfam America is a registered trademark of Oxfam America, Inc., and the Oxfam logo is a registered trademark of Stichting Oxfam International. The CARE marks are a registered trademark of CARE USA.First published by Oxfam America and Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere under an ISBN issued by Oxfam GB. Distributed for the Publishers by Oxfam GB.ISBN 978-0-85598-6070This publication is also available in Arabic, French and Spanish. Publishers’ Details OXFAM AMERICA 226 Causeway Street Floor 5 Boston, MA 02114-2206 (800) 77-OXFAM info@oxfamamerica.org www.oxfamamerica.orgCARE USA 151 Ellis Street Atlanta, GA 30303 1-800-681-2552 info@care.org www.careusa.org Distributor’s Details Available from: USA: Stylus Publishing LLC, PO Box 605, Herndon, VA 20172-0605, USA tel: +1 (703) 661 1581; fax: +1 (703) 661 1547; email: styluspub@aol.com Canada: Renouf Publishing Company Ltd, 1-5369 Canotek Road, ON K1J 9J3, Ottawa, tel: +1 (613) 745 2665; fax: +1 (613) 745 7660; email: order.dept@renoufbooks.com UK and Europe: BEBC Distribution, PO Box 1496, Parkstone, Dorset, BH12 3YD, UK tel: +44 (0) 1202 712933; fax: +44 (0) 1202 712930; email: oxfam@bebc.co.ukFor details of local agents and representatives in other countries, consult the Oxfam GB website: http://publications.oxfam.org.uk/ Or contact Oxfam Publishing, Oxfam House, John Smith Drive, Cowley, Oxford, OX4 2JY, UK tel +44 (0) 1865 473727; fax +44 (0) 1865 472393; email: publish@oxfam.org.uk The Oxfam GB website contains a fully searchable database of books, reports, papers and articles, and facilities for secure on-line ordering. Oxfam GB is a registered charity, no. 202 918, and is a member of Oxfam International.Printed by Uni-Graphic 100 Commerce Way Woburn, MA 01801 USA  Table of contents FOREWORD 1ACRONYMS & TERMS 3  BACKGROUND 4  Rights-based Approaches 4 The RBA Learning Project 5  THE CASE STUDIES 8 ELEMENTS OF RBA PROJECTS 14  Thorough Analysis of Underlying Causes of Poverty, including Explicit and Ongoing Analyses of Power, Gender and Risk 15 Community-centered Development, including Building Sustainable Capacity to Claim Rights and to Drive Decision-making 20 Duty-bearers Engaged, Strengthened and Held Accountable 21 Advocacy for Sustainable Change in Policy and Practice 22 Alliance-building 24 Working at Multiple Levels 25 Focus on Groups that are Marginalized and Discriminated Against 25 Problems Framed as Rights Issues and Linked to International or National Standards 26 Conclusion 27  IMPACTS OF TRADITIONAL AND RBA PROJECTS 30 CATEGORIES OF RBA-ASSOCIATED IMPACTS 32  Effect Changes in Policy and Practice 33 Have Impacts at Multiple Levels 33 Afrm the Dignity of All Human Beings 33 Change Power Dynamics 34 Strengthen Civil Society to Claim Rights and to Hold Duty-bearers Accountable 34 Strengthen Peace and Personal Security 35 Open the Political Culture 35 Engender Greater Responsiveness, Responsibility and Accountability on the Part of Duty-bearers 36 Effect Fundamental and Sustainable Change 36 Conclusion 37 12345
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