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ENGL 210 – 502 Improving Emergency Healthcare Accessibility Using Medical Drones Zeinab Ataya –– UIN: 425001224 Ahmad Al-Sadi –– UIN: 724006589 Yamen Zaza –– UIN: 924007663 Ali Al-Ansari – UIN: 324006534 Submission Date: 2nd of February 2017 Professor: Amy Hodges Table of Contents 1.0 – Overview .........
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    ENGL 210 –  502 Improving Emergency Healthcare Accessibility Using Medical Drones Zeinab Ataya ––  UIN: 425001224  Ahmad Al-Sadi ––  UIN: 724006589 Yamen Zaza ––  UIN: 924007663  Ali Al-Ansari –  UIN: 324006534 Submission Date: 2 nd  of February 2017 Professor: Amy Hodges  Table of Contents 1.0  –  Overview .............................................................................................................................................. 3 2.0 - Significance of Problem ........................................................................................................................ 4 3.0 - Proposed Solution  ............................................................................................................................... 5 3.1 - How it works?  .................................................................................................................................. 5 3.2 Procedure  ........................................................................................................................................... 5 3.3 - Specialized Drones  .......................................................................................................................... 6 3.4 - Key Features of the Medical Drones:  ............................................................................................. 7 i) Auto-Pilot ........................................................................................................................................... 7 ii) GPS Flight Assistance ........................................................................................................................ 7 iii) Coming Home ................................................................................................................................... 7 iv) Motion Detector............................................................................................................................... 7 v) Electric Powered ............................................................................................................................... 7 vi) Weather Adaptability ....................................................................................................................... 8 vii) Target Market   ................................................................................................................................... 8 4.0 - Design Constraints ................................................................................................................................ 9 4.1 - Battery  ............................................................................................................................................. 9 4.2 - Weather conditions  ......................................................................................................................... 9 4.3 - Privacy  ............................................................................................................................................. 9 5.0 - Current Drones in the Market............................................................................................................. 10 5.1- Allied Drones HL48 Chaos .......................................................................................................... 10 5.2 - DJI Matrice 600 Pro (M600 Pro)  .................................................................................................. 10 5.3 - Flytrex Sky  ..................................................................................................................................... 11 6.0 - Benefits of Emergency Medical Drones .............................................................................................. 11 6.1 - Efficiency:  ...................................................................................................................................... 11 6.2 - Convenience:  ................................................................................................................................. 12 6.3 - Accessibility:  .................................................................................................................................. 13 7.0 - Conclusion ........................................................................................................................................... 13 8.0 - References .......................................................................................................................................... 14  1.0 Overview Like many places which use transportation vehicles as the main method of transport, Qatar is commonplace to frequent road accidents. The Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics released monthly statistics of road violations in the first half of 2016 and highlighted that “f  atal road accidents claimed the lives of 80 people across Qatar over the first half of the year” (Qatar Scoop, 2016). Referring to Dr. Rafael Consunji, a Trauma Surgery Section Injury Prevention director from Hamad General Hospital (HGH), “ 71% of these deaths happen on the scene of the accident ,”  (Gulf times, 2013). As a result, to reduce the number of these fatal deaths yet acknowledging some of these deaths are instant; medical drones are the next step towards improving emergency healthcare accessibility and resolving a serious and ongoing issue in Qatar. Another issue which has caught the attention of international news outlets and safety organizations such as International Amnesty, is the increasing number of accidents and deaths which occur at construction sites. By the implementation of medical drones, we can ensure that the number of fatal accidents will decrease due to a faster response rate to emergencies. In addition, medical drones can be very useful when being sent to construction sites where the accident happens at elevated locations which would take longer to reach if pursued by other methods. Improving healthcare accessibility through the use of medical drones can help progress the industry and improve its efficiency when dealing with fatal accidents that could save seconds of an individual’s life. Medical drones are revolutionary and this report is just the beginning towards developing smart technologies that can benefit and improve our lives.  2.0 Significance of Problem Technology has been developed extensively in order to satisfy one of three needs: to facilitate, destroy, or save lives. In this report, our group embarks on the challenge of using the available technology in order to bring forward new methodologies of saving lives in an efficient and relatively cheap manner. The two most popular methods of reacting to an urgent or non-urgent medical attention that is requested through 911 are van-based ambulances and helicopter ambulances, each of which poses their own flaws over time. Van-based ambulances suffer from severe traffic congestion, especially during the day. This is especially true for the areas in the Gulf. According to Gulf News, the ignorance of many motorists on the street is becoming a larger problem every day, which in turn has led to the start of many campaigns in Qatar and Dubai. They explain further, “The sight of an ambulance with its siren on and flickering red and blue lights stuck on a busy road is a recurring scene”, signaling how some lives are put in danger due to mere traffic. On the other hand, Air Ambulance services can only be dispatched to reach otherwise isolated areas or to aid patients that are in extremely urgent cases. Also, the topic of when to dispatch a helicopter ambulance remains a highly debated topic among the various emergency medical service (EMS) providers, as pointed out and studied extensively by the American College of Emergency Physicians. Not only that, but the request for immediate assistance through 911 is not always justified. Too often, many resources are invested in cases that would’ve easily been dealt with were there other forms of service. Karen Auge, a The Denver Post reporter, talks about this conflict in great detail. According to Auge, “Paramedics and emergency medical technicians here and around the country say a substantial number of emergency calls aren’t emergencies at all but medical situations best handled in a doctor’s office.” Yet again, we  see this trend not only evident in the more Western part of the world, but right in the heart of the Gulf region. The Peninsula, in a very
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