Pakistan Floods Progress Report July 2010 / July 2011 | Oxfam

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A year has passed since the first news reports alerted the world to unnaturally heavy monsoon rains in Pakistan’s north-western province of Kyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), a region already ravaged by conflict and only just recovering from the devastating earthquake of 2005. The floods that followed were of a size and scale that are difficult to conceive. Floodwaters inundated up to one-fifth of the country and affected 20 million people, destroying 1.6 million homes and leaving over 14 million people acutely vulnerable (www.pakresponse.org). Oxfam launched a fundraising appeal on 3 August 2010, asking supporters to give generously to save lives. Over $75m (PKR 6,400m, €57m, £48m) was raised by Oxfam for the relief effort in Pakistan through a range of donors: the public, donor governments, and other institutions and organisations. Together all Oxfam affiliates raised $21m (PKR 1,805m, €14m, £13m), much of this was from public sources. This was a good result given difficult economic times, and the money entrusted to Oxfam directly helped to improve the lives of over 2.4 million people. This report is intended as a tool to account to the individuals, governments, and other institutions who have given generously to Oxfam’s humanitarian fund, and to partners, allies, staff and volunteers. A finance section at the end of the report provides an overview of how funds were raised and spent. And the final section focuses on ‘The Future’ and identifies Oxfam’s plans for helping during the reconstruction phase of this emergency.
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  www.oxfam.org Pakistan FloodsProgress Report July 2010 / July 2011  Contents Foreword 3Introduction 51. Water, Sanitation and hygiene 112. Emergency food security, livelihoods, and shelter 163. Achieving results for people living in poverty 224. Accountability 255. Oxfam’s work with partners 286. Finance 317. The future 33 Cover picture: Children play on the still ooded farmland outside Dadu, Sindh province, in January 2011. Photo: Andy Hall/OxfamBack cover picture: Waterlogged farmland rendered useless for farming this year’s crops, Dadu, Sindh, January 2011. Photo: Andy Hall/Oxfam 2 Pakistan Floods Progress Report 2010/2011  3 Foreword Nothing could have prepared us for the scale and complexity of the situation in Pakistan as the massive ooding spread in those early weeks in July and  August 2010. The growing death toll and the numbers of people affected – rising from 1.5 million initially to 18 million overall, of whom 14 million were acutely vulnerable and required urgent assistance – were daunting to all of the response agencies involved. In many respects, the task that lay ahead was akin to working in three different contexts, as different phases of the emergency unfolded and parts of the country moved from acute emergency into longer-term recovery mode. Intensive rains in the northern, conict-affected province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) required an immediate search and rescue response and posed huge logistical challenges for Oxfam. In southern Punjab, previous investment in disaster risk reduction saved lives and allowed more time for evacuations. Then, as waters receded in the north, the enormous build- up of ood waters in Upper and Lower Sindh necessitated an emergency response targeting huge populations, while at the same time providing support for people in northern districts to return to their villages. Faced by this huge challenge, Oxfam took a decision early on to focus on reaching as many people as possible with the basics – to save lives quickly and efciently through early warning and evacuation programs, and by providing safe water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities, emergency food and shelter, and cash grants for people to meet their immediate needs. On balance, with 2.4 million people helped, we believe that the decision to move fast and to generate results quickly was the right and only decision we could have made in such circumstances. Our plan to work closely with, and through, long-established local partners and local authorities was incredibly important in enabling us to work effectively during the rst acute phase of the emergency, and also after ood waters had receded and rehabilitation work commenced. Emergency and development approaches are necessarily different, and some of our partners had little or no experience of this kind of response. However, being able to draw on existing relationships and local knowledge was the best, and only, way for Oxfam to achieve an effective response at a level of scale appropriate to the situation.Faced with enormous needs and limited funds, there were times when we had to compromise: for example, in making difcult decisions about which items to include or omit from emergency relief kits so as to reach more people in need. We also tested and adapted our new project planning tool, Helios , for the rst time, and this enabled Oxfam to purchase and move emergency supplies quickly and efciently, saving time and expense – and ultimately lives. Pakistan Floods Progress Report 2010/2011 Barbara Stocking, Chief Executive, Oxfam GB  4  As people return to their homes and our focus changes to phased rehabilitation, it will be important also to ensure that some of the empowering aspects of the response – for example, providing cash vouchers directly to women and building their income-earning skills – are built upon and not lost as the overall program moves into recovery. We knew that the fundraising environment would be tough, and that the world recession had had an impact on government aid budgets, but we had not expected the international response to be so slow. With only a few exceptions, government contributions were initially woefully lower per capita than in other emergencies, such as the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the 2005 Pakistan earthquake and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. The overall Floods Emergency Response Plan sought $2bn for a one-year relief and recovery phase, and six months into the crisis it was still barely half-funded. The pressure on humanitarian agencies such as Oxfam, to fundraise and to ensure that Pakistan remained a priority for donors and in the public eye was enormous. The initial response to our appeal for funds was slow, but thankfully it remained steady, growing rather than falling, in line with the tragedy unfolding in Pakistan. As of June 2011, we have raised $75m (PKR6,400m, €57m, £48m) to support our program through a range of donors – the public, donor governments, and other institutions and organizations. Thank you to all of you who have given so generously, and for staying with us as we continue to help the people of Pakistan to meet the challenges ahead. Barbara StockingChief ExecutiveOxfam GB Pakistan Floods Progress Report 2010/2011
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