NOAHS ARK | Genesis Flood Narrative | Noah

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Gerenciamento de Projeto | Arca de Noé
  Introduction This paper will not be a religious dissertation.It will not attemptto prove or disprove whether or not the Bible account ofNoahand the Flood are accurate.Instead it poses the question:“Iftherewas a great flood (as described in the Bible and a number ofotherancient writings),and a man named Noah,how did Noah,as theProject Manager,handle the Project Management aspects of building,supplying and operating the Ark?”Noah’s Ark can eas-ily be categorized as one ofthe most challenging undertakingsofall time.How could anyone possibly have accomplished it? Inthe paper,various areas ofProject Management,such as Scope,Schedule and Resources,will be examined.References from his-torical literature,ancient construction techniques,and the Bibleitselfwill form the basis ofthe elements ofProject Managementareas reviewed,and the possible PM techniques employed.“Noah,Build an Ark.”“Oh yeah,what’s an Ark?”Take yourselfback 10,000 years or so.Noah being told tobuild the Ark was like you and me today being told to build ahuge spaceship (large enough to carry 18,000 animals) to travelto a new Galaxy.Nothing to compare to it had ever been donebefore.While there were boats in the ancient world ofhis day,Noah must have been dumbfounded with the enormity ofthevessel he was to build.What would it look like? Where would thematerials come from? What resources would be available to helpin the Project? How could so many animals be rounded up?Where and how would they be housed for the voyage? How canthey be kept separate from one another? And (yuck),how aboutthe clean up and housekeeping needs ofso many animals? Someofthese questions the Customer would supply (like what size andmaterials).Many others,Noah would have to use good ProjectManagement principles himselfto solve.The Scope ofthe Project as given to Noah,was somewhatsimple,but awe inspiring none the less:Qty 1,Sea Worthy Vessel.300 Cubits (450 to 520 feet) long,50 Cubits (75 to 85 feet) wideand 30 Cubits (50 to 60 feet) high.It is to be made out of“go-pher”wood.Build three decks,a cover over it all and a win-dow/opening (most believe this would have been an air ventopening near the top level).Take seven pairs ofevery “clean”an-imal and a pair (male and female) ofevery “unclean”animal.Take a pair (male and female) ofevery kind ofbird.Provide spaceand food for all the animals,birds,and crew (in Noah’s case,eightpeople).The Ark is to be made watertight by sealing it inside andout with “pitch.”“Because it’s going to rain.”“Rain,what’s that?”Some believe that prior to the flood the earth was watered by internal springs and that there had not been anything like whatwe recognize as rain to that time.Perhaps that is why none of  Proceedings of the Project Management Institute Annual Seminars & SymposiumNovember 1–10,2001ãNashville,Tenn.,USA Project Management of Noah’s Ark  Roy Pool,PMP,PMO Manager, Exhibit 1Exhibit 2  Noah’s neighbors joined in to help.Instead they ridiculed the ef-fort.Hence,Noah the Project Manager could only muster threeother men (his own three sons—say,is that where the TV show came from?) and their wives,to undertake the Project.The totalresources available for the Project were four men and fourwomen,all ofwhom were required to provide a livelihood forthemselves while performing the Project work.What did the Ark look like? Some picture a large bananashaped craft.Others a ship with a V-hull design.Still othersthink it was a barge like vessel.The barge design is most likely fora couple ofProject Management reasons.A barge shape wouldprovide substantially more capacity than the other proposeddesigns,and would be easier to assemble.How long did it take to build the Ark? We can make an esti-mate by looking at the tasks in a proposed Project schedule.The first task was to assemble the equipment needed:saws,axes,drills,chisels,knives,etc.Next was to prepare pens and food stor-age for the animals prior to entering the Ark.Concurrent withthis might be the felling ofthe trees and making them intoboards.Considering the measurements ofthe Ark,it would re-quire approx.250,000 boards of10-foot average length each toprovide sufficient lumber.No one knows for sure what gopher wood was.Some supposeit was a form ofcypress.I think it was called gopher wood be-cause Noah was probably always yelling to Ham,Sham andJapeth—“Go fer wood,go fer wood!”Ifwe assume that the wood was like a cypress,approximately 30,000 trees ofan average height of30 feet would be needed toprovide the boards.Noah and his sons did not have a HomeDepot to go to get the lumber.They had to locate,cut down andtransport each tree individually.Considering the crude tools of the day and the limited transportation methods,they might nothave been able to supply more that a couple oftrees a day.Thetotal time to fell and transport 30,000 trees could have required50 years or so (two trees for every working day).Cutting and shaping the trees into boards would itselfrequirean enormous amount oftime.Each board had to be precisely straight and exacting in length.There is also the likelihood thateach board had to be shaped into some sort oftongue andgroove arrangement.Although at this point they did not have totransport the wood,the mere labor to shape a quarter ofa mil-lion boards could possibly have required two men 100 years ormore.In our Project Schedule,this effort could begin concurrentwith the felling ofthe trees (assuming that the work was dividedbetween the men,and not worked in series—obviously a goodPM technique).Once the trees were provided,the men performing that task could have undertaken to do the assembly work (using the lum-ber the other men had already shaped).There would have beenupwards ofa million and a halfconnections required to assem-ble the Ark.What kind ofconnections were used? One possibil-ity would have been nails (spikes),but acquiring (making) thismany large nails would be a major undertaking in itself.Anothermore likely scenario would be shaping the boards into a tongueand groove arrangement with the boards angled to provide a Proceedings of the Project Management Institute Annual Seminars & SymposiumNovember 1–10,2001ãNashville,Tenn.,USA Exhibit 3Exhibit 4  pressure seal.Evidence ofthis type ofassembly is found in anumber ofancient writings.Even assuming tongue and grooveassembly,the fitting together ofall the boards could require upto 20 years to accomplish (as time goes on,more men are work-ing this task as they finish other tasks).In addition to the tasks already detailed,a number ofother el-ements ofthe Project still had to be completed.The obtainingand applying the pitch (5,000 gallons likely required),buildingdecks,pens,troughs,corralling and caring for the animals priorto the Flood,all had to be completed.Still needed was the ob-taining and storing offood and supplies for an extended voyagefor all the animals,birds and crew.All these tasks might go intothe Schedule and add another 20 to 30 years to the undertaking.In total,the Project could have taken 100 to 120 years to com-plete.No wonder the neighbors ridiculed and harassed—itlooked like Noah was spending his entire life on an Ark thatwould never be needed.When planning the rounding up and caring for the animals,Noah could have used a noted PM technique—efficiency of scale.By choosing “juvenile”animals,a number ofchallenges of the Project could have been eased.Smaller animals would requireless space and food and lessen the load bearing on the decks andhull.Obviously,the general maintenance and waste treatmentneeds would also be greatly reduced in this scenario.To facilitate the feeding and clean-up,Noah may also have cho-sen to use gravity feed watering systems and gravity forced wastecollection methods.The employment ofthese techniques mightexplain how eight total people could take care ofapproximately 18,000 animals for an extended voyage ofone year’s length. Project Trial Phase Finally,the Ark is completed,just as dark storm clouds gather(the neighbors are not feeling so smug now).The animals,birds Proceedings of the Project Management Institute Annual Seminars & SymposiumNovember 1–10,2001ãNashville,Tenn.,USA Exhibit 5Exhibit 6  and crew are all inside and now,like a huge facet,the skies pourdown.Within minutes it seems,the floodwaters are 10 feet highand the Ark is beginning to float.Soon the Ark is riding on wa-ters that have covered all the surrounding areas and claiminghigher and higher every minute. But the Project is a Success The Ark FLOATS,the seals hold,Noah,his family and all the an-imals are safe.After a year in the Ark,it runs aground on a mountain and allthe passengers,humans and animals come out. Project Payoff  Now Noah and his wife,his three sons and their wives,realize the100+ years ofbackbreaking effort were worth it.They are allsaved to begin the New World. Project Celebration As any good Project Manager might,Noah throws a ProjectClose-Out Celebration for the whole Project Team.Now Noah is ready for the next big Project—RebuildingCivilization.(For a Project Manager,being successful on one Project,means you get chosen for an even more challenging Project—Congratulations) Resources Used The Ryrie Study Bible,GenesisThe Picture BibleNoah’s Ark,A Feasibility Study Miracles ofthe Ancient WorldVarious World History References Proceedings of the Project Management Institute Annual Seminars & SymposiumNovember 1–10,2001ãNashville,Tenn.,USA Previous Menu
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