Mappa Mundi

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 12
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information Report



Views: 13 | Pages: 12

Extension: DOCX | Download: 0

Related documents
Mappa Mundi
  Mappa mundi From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear  because it has insufficient inline citations . Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (February 2008) The Hereford Mappa Mundi  , about 1300,Hereford Cathedral, England.   mappa mundi   ! atin #mappa mndi$ ˈ ˈ ʊ ː % plural & mappae mundi  ' i( any medie)al European map of the *orld. +uch map( range in (ie and comple-ity from (imple (chematic map( an inch or le(( acro(( to elaborate *all map(, the large(t of *hich *a( 11 ft. !3. m.' in diameter. The term deri)e( from the /edie)al atin *ord( mappa  !cloth or chart' and mundi   !of the *orld'. ppro-imately 1,100 mappae mundi are kno*n to ha)e (ur)i)ed from the /iddle ge(. f the(e (ome 00 are found illu(trating manu(cript( and the remainder e-i(t a( (tand2alone document(. #1$ Contents   #hide$  ã 1 Type( of   mappae mundi  o 1.1 onal map( o 1.4 Tripartite or T2 map( o 1.3 5uadripartite or 6eatu( map( o 1.7 Comple- map( ã 4 8urpo(e of mappae mundi  ã 3 End of the tradition  ã 7 +ee al(o ã  9eference( o .1 6ibliography ã : E-ternal link( Types of mappae mundi  #edit$  ;iagram illu(trating the ma<or categorie( of mappae mundi  . E-tant mappae mundi come in (e)eral di(tinct )arietie(, including= ã onal or /acrobian map( ã Tripartite or >T2> map( ã 5uadripartite map( !including the 6eatu( map(' ã comple- map(/edie)al *orld map( *hich (hare (ome characteri(tic( of traditional mappae mundi but contain element( from other (ource(, including 8ortolan chart( and 8tolemy?(  Geography   are (ometime( con(idered a fifth type, called >tran(itional mappae mundi>. Zonal maps #edit$ Zonal maps  are picture( of the Ea(t Hemi(phere. Their purpo(e *a( to illu(trate the concept that the *orld i( a (phere *ith  climate one(= ã The northern frigid one ã the northern temperate one ã the e@uatorial tropical one ã the (outhern temperate one ã the (outhern frigid onef the(e, only the t*o temperate one( *ere belie)ed to be inhabitable, and the kno*n *orld *a( contained entirely *ithin the northern temperate one?( Ea(tern Hemi(phere. 6ecau(e mo(t (ur)i)ing onal map( are found illu(trating /acrobiu(? Commentary   on Cicero?( Dream of Scipio  !an e-cerpt of Cicero?(  De Re Publica ', thi( type of map i( (ometime( called >/acrobian>. An their (imple(t and mo(t common form, onal mappae mundi are merely circle( di)ided into fi)e parallel one(, but (e)eral larger onal map( *ith much more detail ha)e (ur)i)ed. Tripartite or T-O maps #edit$ Main article: T and O map T-O maps , unlike onal map(, illu(trate only the habitable portion of the *orld kno*n in 9oman and medie)al time(. The landma(( *a( illu(trated a( a circle !an >>' di)ided into three portion( by a >T>.The(e three di)i(ion( *ere the continent( of  (ia,  frica and Europe. The )a(t ma<ority of T2 map( place ea(t at the top, hence the term >orienting> a map from the atin *ord oriens  for >ea(t>. The a((ertion that T2 map( depict a >flat earth>, *hile common, i( un*arranted. The >circle of the land(>in a T2 can <u(t a( ea(ily be fit onto the (phere of the Earth a( onto a flat, di(k2(haped Earth # srcinal research $ . The popularity of the /acrobian map( and the combination of T2 (tyle continent( on (ome of the larger /acrobian (phere( illu(trate that Earth?( (phericity continued to be under(tood among (cholar( during the /iddle ge(. Quadripartite or Beatus maps #edit   $
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks