Food Crisis in the Horn of Africa: Progress Report, July 2011 - July 2012

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The 2011 drought across the Horn of Africa was, in some places, the worst to hit the region for 60 years. Three countries were hit by the drought: Ethiopia, Kenya and Somalia. Early in July 2011, Oxfam launched a massive public appeal for funds – the largest in its history – across several countries. Oxfam began to scale up rapidly, recruiting local staff, sending international experts to support them, and planning large-scale emergency activities with local partner organizations. Despite a difficult economic climate, the public responded very generously to the appeal, and the sustained media attention meant that donations continued to come in for several months after the initial launch. Oxfam raised a total of $118.8m for this emergency, of which almost one-third came from members of the public. This report describes what Oxfam and its partners have achieved since July 2011, and also looks at what needs to be done in the future, both to help people recover from this particular drought and to increase their resilience to rain failures – which will certainly occur again. Given the very different country contexts in which Oxfam has been operating, the report is split into three sections summarizing what it has done (directly and through local partners) in Somalia, Kenya, and Ethiopia. The report is intended to account to the individuals, governments, and institutions that gave so generously to Oxfam’s Horn of Africa appeal, as well as to the organization’s partners, allies, volunteers, and staff.
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  FOOD CRISIS IN THE HORN OF AFRICA PROGRESS REPORT JULY 2011–JULY 2012  Food crisis in the Horn of Africa Progress report July 2011–July 2012 Contents Foreword 2Introduction 4Somalia 9Ethiopia 14Kenya 20Regional Advocacy 25Finance 26The future: reducing the risks 28 New arrivals queue outside the camp reception centre in Dadaab are caught in a brief dust storm whipped up by the harsh winds. They receive essential items including food, jerry cans, blankets, soap and plastic sheeting for shelter. Photo: Jo Harrison.  2 It is a year now since the world woke up to what has been called the worst food crisis in the 21st century. The footage of Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya was truly awful, and the conditions people were living in when they arrived at Dollo Ado camp in Ethiopia were quite shocking. The UN categorized parts of Somalia as being in famine – a term used so rarely now that we had started to think it no longer happens. While the situation has improved, Oxfam will continue to work with communities in Somalia, Ethiopia, and Kenya, to help reduce chronic vulnerability to drought and food insecurity.From a historical perspective, the world has undoubtedly moved on in our ability to save lives. The numbers of disasters are on the increase. So too is the number of people exposed to them. But the numbers that actually die has gone down. Longer-term aid responses have contributed to this, and Ethiopia and Kenya have both developed safety-net programs designed to deliver long-term help to some of the poorest people in their societies. Only in Somalia has the situation not improved at all, but this is directly attributable to two decades of conflict and political turmoil, poor international policies that have exacerbated the crisis, and curtailed access for the humanitarian community. However, while fewer people are dying, the numbers of people living in FOREWORD
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