Durable Peace Programme in Myanmar: Baseline Report | Survey Methodology | Myanmar

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The Durable Peace Programme (DPP) was designed by a consortium of seven national and international NGOs, and a further 17 partner organisations, to complement the existing humanitarian response in Kachin through providing support for peace, reconciliation, rehabilitation and development. The Durable Peace Programme is a 42-month programme, running from February 2015 to July 2018, funded through a seven million Euro grant from the European Union. Delivered as part of the European Union-funded DPP, this baseline report provides an insight into the current situation facing both IDPs and conflict-affected non-IDP communities in Kachin. It is based on a comprehensive and systematic research process involving just over 2,200 interviews conducted in 12 townships across Kachin. The research provides data and analysis on the socioeconomic situation, attitudes towards peace and conflict, gender dynamics, return and resettlement, and other areas outlined in the contents.
  Contact: OxfamNo. 34 Corner of Aung Taw Mu Lane & Golden Hill Avenue.Bahan Township. Yangon, Myanmar.Ph. (95) 01539986www.oxfam.org.uk/myanmarworldcitizenspanel@oxfamnovib.nl This publication has been produced with the assistance of the European Union. The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the Durable Peace Programme Consortium and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.Cover Photo: Dustin Barter, Oxfam & Nang Seng, KBCThis report is produced by the Durable Peace Programme Consortium. Acknowledgements: First and foremost, thank you to all interviewees that participated in the survey. Their willingness to give their time and discuss sensitive issues made this research possible. This research was achieved through the extensive contributions and expertise from the entire Durable Peace Programme consortium, including Kachin Baptist Convention, Karuna Myanmar Social Services, Metta Development Foundation, Nyein Foundation, Oxfam, SwissAid and Trocaire, in addition to their partners for the Durable Peace Programme, namely Airavati, BRIDGE, Candlelight Mobile Library Team, Kachin Development Group, Kachin Relief and Development Committee, Kachin Urban Rural Mission, Kachin Women’s Peace Network, Kachin Women’s Association, Mingalar Development Foundation, Myitkyina Lisu Baptist Association, Pyoe Community Based Organisation, Namkyeo Prahita Foundation, Naushawng Education Network, RANIR, Sindun Network Group, Uak Thon Local Social Development Organisation, Women’s Group and Wunpawng Ninghtoi.Thank you to all staff and volunteers for all of your extensive contributions and commitment.  Content Acronyms 3Key Definitions 3Executive Summary 4Introduction 5Kachin Context 6Programme Context 8Survey Results 9 General Overview 10 Socioeconomic Situation 12 Food Security 14 Conflict and Security 15 Peace Process: Opportunity, Participation and Influence 18 Gender-Specific Questions 24 Return and Resettlement 26 Linkages to Authorities 29 Trust 29 Future: Peace and Development 30 Shelter 31 Health 32Conclusions 33Implications and Discussion Points 35Annex One: Methodology 35References 37  Acronyms DPP Durable Peace ProgrammeFem FemaleGBV Gender-based ViolenceGCA (Myanmar) Government controlled areaIDP Internally-displaced personKCA KIO controlled areaKIO/A Kachin Independence Organisation/ArmyNGCA non (Myanmar) Government Controlled AreaNGO Non-government organisationUXO Unexploded ordinanceWCP World Citizens Panel Key Definitions KCA/NGCA and GCA There is some contestation over the terms used to describe areas controlled by the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) with some preferring 'KIO-controlled' and others preferring 'non-government-controlled.’ Throughout this report, the term 'GCA' refers to Government (of Myanmar)-controlled areas and 'KCA/NGCA' refers to KIO-controlled / non-government-controlled areas. Although unwieldy, KCA/NGCA is utilised for neutrality. Non-IDP Non-internally-displaced person (IDP) refers to both host communities (those that are hosting IDPs) and conflict-affected communities – essentially those who have not been displaced. Youth Youth are defined as 15-24 years old, in accordance with the United Nations’ definition, and for the ease of disaggregating data. However, only people aged above 18 were involved in the survey. 3
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