diabetes | Prediabetes

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Symptoms Types of Diabetes Diabetes  Type 2 Diabetes  Type 2 diabetes -a disease in which the Symptoms include A chronic condition that affects body’s ability to produce increased thirst, frequent the way the body processes urination, hunger, fati
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  Symptoms ã  Type 2 DiabetesSymptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision. In some cases, there may be no symptoms. ã  Type 1 DiabetesSymptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision. ã Prediabetesany people !ith prediabetes have no symptoms.  Types of Diabetes ã  Type 2 diabetes chronic condition that a#ects the !ay the body processes blood sugar $glucose%. ã  Type 1 diabetes chronic condition in !hich thepancreas produces little or no insulin. ã Prediabetes condition in !hich blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. ã &estational diabetes form of high blood sugar a#ectingpregnant!omen.  Diabetes   'a disease in !hich the body(s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired, resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood and urine.  Causes Causes of type 1 diabetes )hat is *no!n is that your immune attac*s and destroys your insulin'producing cells in the pancreas. This leaves you !ith little or no insulin. Instead of being transported into your cells,sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Causes of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes In prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, your cells become resistant to the action of insulin, and your pancreas is unable to ma*e enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Instead of moving into your cells !here it+s needed for energy, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Causes of gestational diabetes During pregnancy, the placenta produces hormones to sustain your pregnancy. These hormonesma*e your cells more resistant toinsulin. ormally, your pancreas edical Testing Tests for type 1 and type 2 diabetes and prediabetes:Oral glucose tolerance test-  -ou fast overnight, and the fasting blood sugar level is measured. Then you drin* a sugary liquid, and blood sugar levels are tested periodically for the net t!o hours. blood sugarlevel less than 1/0 mgd is normal. reading of more than 200 mgd after t!o hours indicates diabetes. reading bet!een 1/0 and 133 mgd indicates prediabetes. Tests for gestational diabetes:Initial glucose challenge test-  -ou+ll begin the glucose challenge test by drin*ing a syrupy glucose solution. 4ne hour later, you+ll have a blood test to measure your blood sugar level. blood sugarlevel belo! 1/0 mgd is usually considered normal on a glucose challenge test. If your blood sugar level is higher than normal, it only means you have a higher ris* of gestational diabetes. -our doctor !ill order a follo!'up test to determine if you have gestational diabetes. Follow-up glucose tolerance testing-  5or the follo!'up test, you+llbe as*ed to fast overnight and then have your fasting blood sugar level measured. Then you+ll drin* another s!eet solution and your blood sugar level !ill be chec*ed every hour for aperiod of three hours. If at least t!o  Treatments ã  Type 2 diabetes Treatments include diet, eercise, medication, and insulin therapy. ã  Type 1 diabetes Treatment aims at maintainingnormal blood sugar levels through regular monitoring, insulin therapy, diet, and eercise. ã PrediabetesProgression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes isn+t inevitable. )ith lifestyle changes, !eight loss, and medications, it+s possible to bring a blood sugar level bac* to normal. ã &estational diabetes Treatment strategies include daily blood sugar monitoring,
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