analysing artwork

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Art Analysis For Composition essay is the placement or organisation of visual elements within an artwork – the way these have been composed, combined or ‘put together’. Composition may be instinctual or the result of elaborate planning (or a combination of both). A ‘compositional device’ is an aspect of a composition which has a certain effect (such as the use of frames within frames, which might help create a sense of distance or space within an artwork). Format is the overall sh
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  Composition   is the placement or organisation of visual elements within an artwork – the way these have been composed, combined or ‘put together’. Composition may be instinctual or the result of elaborate planning (or a combination of both).  ‘compositional device’ is an aspect of a composition which has a certain e!ect (such as the use of frames within frames, which might help create a sense of distance or space within an artwork). Format   is the overall shape, si e and orientation (portrait or landscape) of an artwork, i.e. whether a work is painted on a long, hori ontal oblong canvas, or upon a vertically orientated # portrait board. $ormat can be in%uenced by practical considerations (i.e. the nature and shape of the ob&ect or scene depicted) as well as being an active decision by the artist to help communicate a particular meaning or idea. The structure of an artwork is the organisation of basic forms within a composition. Lines are a visual element that can direct a viewer’s ga e and create a visual path. 'hese can direct attention to a focal point and create depth through perspective or hori on lines. i!erent lines can create di!erent e!ects hard angular lines provoke a di!erent response than soft, organic lines, for e*ample. +epetition of lines can create a sense of movement or rhythm. Shape   is a visual element that is created by the &unction of lines or changes in tone the perceived boundaries of form. arger shapes can become dominant focal points within an artwork- similar shapes can be repeated to create balance and create unity  visual harmony. /hapes can be symbolic, i.e. they can represent more comple* forms and carry meaning. s with lines, the types of shapes used can communicate certain feelings – rigorous ordered shapes tend to create a di!erent mood than irregular, free0%owing shapes. /hapes might also be used to create borders  frames and boundaries that connect, overlap or intersect, perhaps helping to draw viewers from the foreground  middle0ground to background.   Form   is a visual element that is usually discussed more easily in relation to three dimensional ob&ects (as three0dimensional forms are usually described within two dimensional works in terms of shape, tone and line). Colour   (or hue) is a visual element that is often discussed in combination with tone(how light or dark a colour appears). Colour can a!ect the mood of an artwork due to colour associations – i.e. blue might indicate sadness. 'one can help to communicate a sense of distance (items that are further away generally appear lighter – due to ‘atmospheric perspective’). 1oth tone and colour can be used to create contrast within an artwork, attracting the viewer’s attention and helping to create focal areas. lternatively, both tone and colour can be used to create harmonious, peaceful non0contrasting areas. 2se of light and shadow or warm and cool might also be an important area to discuss. rt nalysis $or essay  Texture can be real (the result of brush strokes, irregularities in materials, and the application of a range of materials) or implied3i.e. a surface that is made to look te*tured. s with the other visual elements, te*ture should be integrated so that it balances and becomes an aesthetically pleasing addition to an artwork. /urface 4ualities – along with other detailed areas and intricate patterns – are only able to be appreciated fully when viewed in person. Space   – the absence of form – is an often overlooked visual element. escribed as being either positive (the space contained within the boundary of an ob&ect) or negative (the background space in and around an ob&ect), space can determine how busy and cluttered a painting is.  busy composition can overwhelm a viewer- a simple and sparse composition may appear boring. Careful integration of space is fundamental to any artwork.
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