Aid Coordination and Alignment: Myth or reality? The case of the ECOWAS regional agriculture policy

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Despite its vital importance, West African agriculture is characterised by low productivity and beset with economic, social and environmental limitations. Deep-seated structural reform is needed to meet the food needs of the inhabitants of a region set to double in population by 2050. The rise in food prices in 2008 and the negative impact on the region’s most vulnerable people gave fresh impetus to the implementation of ECOWAP, the regional agricultural policy of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). In 2009 and 2010, the ECOWAS Member States drafted national and regional agricultural investment programmes, identifying the sector’s priorities and the funding required to achieve them. These programmes are provide the framework for interventions in the agricultural sector. They also aim to facilitate alignment among technical and financial partners and to achieve a sector-wide approach. ECOWAS partners and Member States have confirmed their commitment to better coordination. During the G8 Summit in L'Aquila (Italy) in July 2009, these partners announced substantial financial pledges for agriculture and food security and reaffirmed their commitment to the principles of aid effectiveness. Based on a study of the process for defining and implementing ECOWAP in Niger, Burkina Faso and Ghana and at a regional level, this report analyses the factors needed to ensure progress on partner coordination and alignment.
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  Oxfam Research Reports Aid Coordination and Alignment myth or reality? THE CASE OF THE ECOWAS REGIONAL AGRICULTURE POLICY Jean-Denis Crola, Independent   consultant  Saya Saulière, Intermón Oxfam   8 September 2011 www.oxfam.org/grow     Aid Coordination and Alignment: myth or reality? Oxfam Research Report, September 2011 2 CONTENTS  Acronyms ............................................................................................................ 3   Executive summary ............................................................................................ 6   Introduction ......................................................................................................... 9   1. Official aid for agriculture: investments spread thin, reducing effectiveness ..................................................................................................... 11   1.1 The negative effects of the “project approach” .............................................. 11   1.2 Difficulties in promoting the sector-wide approach ........................................ 15   2. ECOWAP: a challenge for donors? ............................................................. 17   2.1 Building a common intervention framework: what is at stake? ..................... 17   2.2 ECOWAS’ political drive runs up against the TFPs’ and States’ usual approaches ......................................................................................................... 19   2.3 Inequitable donor contribution to the NAIPs .................................................. 22   2.4 Limited civil society participation in the national processes .......................... 23   3.The conditions for successful partner alignment on the regional agriculture policy .............................................................................................. 25   3.1 Understanding the alignment challenges ...................................................... 25   3.2 Transforming dialogue spaces into coordination tools .................................. 27   3.3 Overcoming political obstacles to alignment ................................................. 28   3.4 Overcoming institutional and organisational resistance ................................ 31   Conclusion......................................................................................................... 36   Bibliography ...................................................................................................... 38    Acknowledgements .......................................................................................... 47       Aid Coordination and Alignment: myth or reality? Oxfam Research Report, September 2011 3  Acronyms   AAA Accra Agenda for Action ADB African Development Bank ADRAO Centre du riz pour l'Afrique [African Rice Centre] AFD Agence Française de Développement [French International Development Agency] ADF African Development Fund AFSI Aquila Food Security Initiative AGRA Alliance for the Green Revolution in Africa ASWG Agriculture Sector Working Group BCEAO Banque Centrale des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest [Central Bank of West African States] CAADP Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme CCDR Cadre de Concertation pour le Développement Rural [rural CEP Comité État-Partenaires [State-Partners Committee] CIDA Canadian International Development Agency CILSS Comité permanent Inter-Etats de Lutte contre la Sécheresse dans le Sahel [Permanent Interstate Committee to Combat Drought in the Sahel] CMA-AOC Conférence des Ministres de l'Agriculture de l'Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre [conference of agriculture Ministers from West and Central Africa] CORAF Conférence des dirigeants de la recherche agricole en Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre [conference of leaders in agriculture research in West and Central Africa] CPF Confédération Paysanne du Faso [Confederation of Burkina Faso Farmers] CSO Civil Society Organisation DAC Development Aid Committee DANIDA Danish International Development Agency DGCOOP Direction Générale de la Coopération [Department of Development Aid] EBID ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development ECOWADF ECOWAS Regional food and agriculture development fund ECOWAP ECOWAS Agricultural Policy ECOWAS Economic Community of West African states EDF European Development Fund EPA Economic Partnership Agreement FAO UN Food and Agriculture Organisation FASDEP Food and Agriculture Sector Development Policy     Aid Coordination and Alignment: myth or reality? Oxfam Research Report, September 2011 4 FtF Feed the Future GAFSP Global Agricultural Food Security Program GDPRD Global Donor Platform for Rural Development GFRP Global Food Crisis Response Program GHC Ghana Cedi ICRAF World Agroforestry Centre ICRISAT International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics IDB Interamerican Development Bank IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development IFDC International Fertiliser Development Centre IITA International Institute for Tropical Agriculture JSR Joint Sector Review MAHRH Ministère de l’Agriculture, de l’Hydraulique et des Ressources Halieutiques [Ministry for Agriculture, Water and Fisheries] MCC Millennium Challenge Corporation MDBS Multi-Donor Budget Support MDTF Multi Donor Trust Fund METASIP Medium Term Agriculture Sector Investment Plan MiDA Millennium Development Authority MoFA Ministry of Food and Agriculture MoFEP Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning NEPAD New Partnership for African Development NIAP National Agriculture Investment Programme   NIAP/P National Agriculture Investment Programme/Priority ODA Official Development Aid OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development OMVG Organisation pour la mise en valeur du fleuve Gambie [the Gambian River Basin Development Organisation] OMVS Organisation pour la Mise en Valeur du fleuve Sénégal [the river Senegal development organisation] PASR Programme d ’ Appui au Secteur Rural [Rural sector support programme] PMU Project Management Units PNSR Programme National du Secteur Rural [National Programme for the Rural Sector] PO Professional/Producer Organisations PROSDRp Programme Sectoriel de Développement Rural Productif [productive rural development sector programme] RAIP Regional Agriculture Investment Programme RDS Rural Development Strategy
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