AR6512-Site Analysis and Planning | Surveying

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    1 Site Analysis and Planning, Semester 5, 2013 Regulations Ar. Vashni Livingston, Asst. Prof. MOSA AR6512 SITE ANALYSIS AND PLANNING Objectives    To teach the importance of site and its content in architectural creations    To orient the students towards several influencing factors which govern the siting of a building or group of buildings in a given site.    To teach various techniques of site analysis through exercises and case studies.    To teach the students the methodology of preparing a site analysis diagram. This will serve as a  prelude to any architectural creation through exercises. UNIT I INTRODUCTION Definition of plot, site, land and region, units of measurements. Introduction to survey, methods of surveying, where they are used, Surveying Instruments and their application. Need for surveying. Measuring and drawing out a site plan from the measurements UNIT II SITE DRAWINGS Computation of area by geometrical figures and other methods. Drawing marking out plan, layout plan and centerline plan  –   Importance, procedure for making these drawings and dimensioning. Setting out the  building plan on site  –   Procedure and Precautions. Exercises on the above. UNIT III SITE ANALYSIS importance of site analysis; On site and off site factors; Analysis of natural, cultural and aesthetic factors  –   topography, hydrology, soils, vegetation, climate, surface drainage, accessibility, size and shape, infrastructures available - sources of water supply and means of disposal system, visual aspects; Preparation of site analysis diagram. Study of microclimate: - vegetation, landforms and water as modifiers of microclimate. Study of land form; - contours, slope analysis, grading process, grading criteria, functional and aesthetic considerations  –   Case studies and exercises on the above. UNIT IV SITE CONTEXT Context of the site. Introduction to existing master plans land use for cities, development control Rules. Preparation of maps of matrix analysis & composite analysis. Site selection criteria for housing development, commercial and institutional projects - Case studies. UNIT V SITE PLANNING AND SITE LAYOUT PRINCIPLES Organization of vehicular and pedestrian circulation, types of roads, hierarchy of roads, networks, road widths and parking, regulations. Turning radii & street intersections    2 Site Analysis and Planning, Semester 5, 2013 Regulations Ar. Vashni Livingston, Asst. Prof. MOSA UNIT I  –   INTRODUCTION Site planning is the organization of an area of land to fit a program for its development which is efficient, expresses the character of the site, and provides attractive spaces to use. ã   To learn and practice a logical method of fitting design programs and sites harmoniously. ã   To understand how natural factors (landscape), socio-economic forces (planning), and technological functions (architecture & engineering) interact in the design process. ã   To understand the importance of graphic and verbal communication skills. Definition of Plot, Site, Land & Region A lot or plot  is a tract or parcel of land owned or meant to be owned by some owner(s). A lot is essentially considered a parcel of real property in some countries or immovable property (meaning practically the same thing) in other countries. A plot plan  is an architecture, engineering, and/or  landscape architecture plan drawing  —  diagram which shows the buildings, utility runs, and equipment layout, the position of  roads, and other constructions of an existing or proposed project site at a defined scale. Plot plans are also known more commonly as site plans. The plot plan is a 'top-down' orientation. The specific objects and relations shown are dependent on the purpose for creating the plot plan,  but typically contain: retained and proposed buildings, landscape elements, above ground features and obstructions, major infrastructure routes, and critical legal considerations such as  property boundaries, setbacks, and rights of way.    A small piece of ground marked out for a purpose such as building or gardening.    A small piece of land for building or growing things on A two acre plot of land A vegetable plot Site Site  is the place where something (such as a building) is, was, or will be located    An area of ground on which a town, building, or monument is constructed.    The spatial location of an actual or planned structure or set of structures (as a building, town, or monuments)    A space of ground occupied or to be occupied by a building    The place, scene, or point of an occurrence or event    3 Site Analysis and Planning, Semester 5, 2013 Regulations Ar. Vashni Livingston, Asst. Prof. MOSA A site plan  is an architectural plan, landscape architecture document, and a detailed engineering drawing of proposed improvements to a given lot. A site plan usually shows a building footprint, travel ways, parking, drainage facilities, sanitary sewer lines, water lines, trails, lighting, and landscaping and garden elements.    Such a plan of a site is a graphic representation of the arrangement of buildings, parking, drives, landscaping and any other structure that is part of a development project .    A site plan is a set of  construction drawings that a builder or contractor uses to make improvements to a property. Counties can use the site plan to verify that development codes are being met and as a historical resource. Site plans are often prepared by a design consultant who must be either a licensed engineer, architect, landscape architect or land surveyor . Region An area, especially part of a country or the world having definable characteristics but not always fixed boundaries. A   region  is an area. A region  can be geographic  —   like a part of a country. A region  is any space that is distinct from another area. The word region  is from the Latin regionem   which means “direction, boundary, and district.” In geography,  regions  are areas broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human-impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental geography). Geographic regions and sub-regions are mostly described by their imprecisely defined and sometimes transitory boundaries, except in human geography, where jurisdiction areas such as national borders are clearly defined in law. Land The part of the earth's surface that is not covered by water.    The solid part of the surface of the Earth: an area of ground    Ground or soil of a specified situation, nature, or quality    The surface of the earth and all its natural resources    The term 'land' includes all physical elements in the wealth of a nation  bestowed by nature; such as climate, environment, fields, forests, minerals, mountains, lakes, streams, seas, and animals. As an asset, it includes anything o   (1) on the ground (such as buildings, crops, fences, trees, water), o   (2) above the ground (air and space rights), and    4 Site Analysis and Planning, Semester 5, 2013 Regulations Ar. Vashni Livingston, Asst. Prof. MOSA o   (3) Under the ground (mineral rights), down to the center of the Earth. Perhaps the oldest form of  collateral, land is still very attractive to lenders  because it cannot  be destroyed, moved, stolen, or wasted. All a lender  needs is the borrower's clear title to it.    Land was sometimes defined in classical and neoclassical economics as the srcinal and indestructible powers of the soil. Survey Examine and record the area and features of (an area of land) so as to construct a map, plan, or description. Surveying Surveying or land surveying is the technique, profession, and science of determining the terrestrial or three-dimensional position of points and the distances and angles between them. A land surveying professional is called a land surveyor. These points are usually on the surface of the Earth, and they are often used to establish land maps and boundaries for  ownership,  locations like building corners or the surface location of subsurface features, or other purposes required by government or civil law, such as property sales. Surveyors work with mathematics ( geometry and trigonometry ) ,  physics, engineering and the law. They use equipment like total stations, robotic total stations, GPS receivers, prisms, 3D scanners, radios, handheld tablets, digital levels, and surveying software.  Surveying has been an element in the development of the human environment since the  beginning of recorded history. The planning and execution of most forms of  construction require it. It is also used in transport, communications, mapping, and the definition of legal boundaries for land ownership. Units of Measurements A unit of measurement  is a definite magnitude of a physical quantity, defined and adopted by convention or by law that is used as a standard for measurement of the same physical quantity. Any other value of the physical quantity can be expressed as a simple multiple of the unit of measurement. For example,    Length is a physical quantity.
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