Trends in developing countries : population, economic growth, international capital flow and external debt and international trade

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The charts of this book have been prepared to furnish a general background on salient economic trends affecting the developing countries. The charts of this issue focus on highlights in population problems, economic growth, international capital flow and external debt, commodities and international trade. Data have been drawn from various sources, such as agencies of the United Nations and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, as well as from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) itself.
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74261 TRENDS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES POPUlATION, ECONOMIC GROWTH, INTERNATIONAl CAPITAl FlOW AND EXTERNAl DEBT AND INTERNATIONAl TRADE .~\~Cl{u~ · (~~ b;fA~ ~v .,. ,, ~~ . LibrarY ~ Jotnt .. c c-·o43l Q... ã· 0 ~ .!.. :Z. , ·- ãon. D. · ~. ,-.:,J osnlo.Q l ~ ~~ ~ ?!~ c:::, .,..-, $:) ~~ ~ \,~NTERNATIONAL BANK FOR 't-~ ~ RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT. . '.( .9,.jlf. P ~'!{~0~ J bov.oã' ·(.., Jep'rj .'J FOR RECO~y..· ~~~-ii.b ... J ..V. INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT INTERNATIONAL FINANCE ASSOCIATION CORPORATION August 1970 .. 1 ': ;'j Q ' } 1 ã.. c)'}_: cJ ~ PREFACE The tables and charts of this book have been prepared to give a general background on salient economic trends affecting the developing countries. The tables and charts focus on highlights in population, economic growth, international capital flow and official development assistance, commodities and international trade. Data have been obtained from various sources, such as agencies of the United Nations and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, as well as from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development itself. Andrew M. Kamarck Director Economics Department This is the third annual issue of the chartbook. It has been prepared in the Economics Department (Statistical Services Division) under the supervision of Mr. A. E. Tiemann, Division Chief and Mr. A. Kundu, Chief of Statistics Section. Mr. J. E. Gholl is the staff member mainly responsible for revising and coordinating this publication with the help of various Divisions of the Economics Department and the Printing and Drafting Units of the Administration Department. August 5, 1970 TABLE OF CONTENTS Tables and Charts 1. Population 1.1 Area (and Population Density) by Country, 1968. 1.2 Population (and Birth Rates) by Country, 1970. 1.3 World Population Growth, 1650-2000. 1.4 Age Structure of World Population by Selected Regions, 1960. 1.5 World Population by Major Areas and Regions, 1940-2000. 1.6 Trends of Birth, Death and Natural Increase Rates in Selected Countries, 1940-1970. 2. Economic Growth 2.1 Gross National Product (GNP) by Country, 1968. 2.2 Gross National Product Per Capita of Developing Countries, by Regions, 1960 and 1968. 2.3 Gross National Product Per Capita of Developing and Selected Developed Countries, 1960 and 1968. 2.4 Gross National Product Per Capita of Selected Developing Countries, 1950, 1955, 1960, 1965, 1967 and 1968. 2.5 Historical Development of Per Capita GNP of Selected Countries, 1870-1967. 3. International Capital Flow and External Debt 3.1 Net Receipts of Financial Resources by Developing Countries, by Source, 1961-1969. 3.2 Net Flow of Financial Resources from Multilateral Agencies to Less Developed Countries, 1961-1969. 3.3 Net Flow of Financial Resources from DAC Countries to Developing Countries and Multilateral Agencies in Relation to GNP, 1956-1969. 3.4 Net Flow of Official Financial Resources from Selected DAC Countries to Developing Countries and Multilateral Agencies as a Percentage of GNP, 1961-1969. 3.5 Share of Net Financial Flows in GNP Compared with Per Capita GNP, 1969. 3.6 External Public Debt Outstanding of Developing Countries as of December 31, 1961-1969. 3.7 Total Debt Service and Exports of Goods and Services of Developing Countries, 1961-1969. 4. International Trade 4.1 Value of Primary Commodities and Manufactures as a Percentage of Total Exports, 1950 and 1968. 4.2 Trends in World Exports of Manufactures and Primary Commodities, 1950-1968. 4.3 Quantum and Value Export Indices, 1938, 1948, 1950-1969. 4.4 Terms of Trade, 1938, 1948, 1950-1969. 4.5 Shares of Developed Countries and Less Developed Countries in World Exports, 1938, 1948, 1950-1969. 4.6 Direction of Exports of Less Developed Countries and of Developed Countries by Value, 1938, 1948, 1950-1968. 4.7 Value of the Six Most Important Commodities Exported by Less Developed Countries, 1950-1968. 4.8 Selected Dynamic Commodities Exported by Less Developed Countries, 1950-1968. 4.9 Index of Selected Commodity Prices, 1960-1970. AREA BY COUNTRY Table 1.1 For selected sovereign countries, territories and other geographical entities with areas of 9,000 km2 or over In thousand km2 Country Area Country Area Country Area Country Area Country Area Afghanistan 647 Costa Rica 51 Iceland 103 Muscat & Oman 212 Spain 505 Albania 29 Cuba 115 India 3,268 Nepal 141 Span ish Sahara 266 Algeria 2,382 Cyprus 9 Indonesia 1,904 Netherlands 34 Sudan 2,506 Angola 1,247 Czechoslovakia 128 Iran 1,648 New Caledonia 19 Surinam 163 Argentina 2,777 Dahomey 113 Iraq 435 New Guinea 239 Swaziland 17 Australia 7,687 Denmark 43 Ireland 70 New Zealand 269 Sweden 450 Austria 84 Dominican Republic 49 Israel 21 Nicaragua 130 Switzerland 41 Bahamas 11 Ecuador 284 Italy 301 Niger 1,267 Syria 185 Belgium 31 El Salvador 21 Ivory Coast 322 Nigeria 924 Tanzania 940 Bhutan 47 Equa. Guinea 28 Jamaica 11 Norway 324 Thailand 514 Bolivia 1,099 Ethiopia 1,222 Japan 370 Pakistan 947 Togo 56 Botswana 600 Falkland Islands 12 Jordan 98 Panama 76 Trucial Oman 84 Brazil 8,512 Fiji 18 Kenya 583 Paraguay 407 Tunisia 164 British Honduras 23 Finland 337 Korea (North} 121 Peru 1,285 Turkey 781 Br. Solomon Is. 30 France 547 Korea (Rep. of} 98 Philippines 300 Uganda 236 Bulgaria 111 French Guiana 91 Kuwait 16 Poland 313 U.S.S.R. 22,402 Burma 678 Fr. Terr. Afars & lssas 22 Laos 237 Portugal 92 United Arab Republic 1,001 Burundi 28 Gabon 268 Lebanon 10 Port. Guinea 36 United Kingdom 244 Cambodia 181 Gambia 11 Lesotho 30 Port. Timor 15 United States 9,363 Cameroon 475 German (East} 108 Liberia 110 Oatar 22 Upper Volta 274 Canada 9,976 Germany (Fed. Rep. of} 248 Libya 1,760 Rhodesia 389 Uruguay 187 Central Afr. Rep. 623 Ghana 239 Malagasy Rep. 587 Rumania 238 Venezuela 912 Ceylon 66 Greece 132 Malawi 118 Rwanda 26 Viet Nam (North} 159 Chad 1,284 Greenland 2,176 Malaysia 333 Saudi Arabia 2,150 VietNam (Rep. of} 191 Chile 757 Guatemala 109 Mali 1,240 Senegal 196 Yemen 195 China (Mainland} 9,561 Guinea 246 Mauritania 1,031 Sierra Leone 72 Yugoslavia 256 China (Taiwan} 36 Guyana 215 Mexico 1,973 Somalia 638 Zambia 753 Colombia 1,139 Haiti 28 Mongolia 1,565 South Africa 1,221 Congo (Dem. Rep. of} 2,345 Honduras 112 Morocco 445 Southern Yemen 288 Congo (Brazzaville} 342 Hungary 93 Mozambique 783 South West Africa 824 -- NOTE: Total area estimates of specified geographic units include inland water, uninhabited areas. SOURCES: United Nations Demographic Yearbook 1968, Table 2. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa. International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. AREA AND POPULATION DENSITY BY COUNTRY, 1968 Chart 1.1 2 -COUNTRIES WITH AREAS OF 9,000 KM AND OVER- AI. 8 U.S.S.R. Ca. U.S.A. Mex. Cu. ã··········ã H Ja~ .c lp Equator -·-·-·- :J-.-t:;:;:;:;:;:;:;:J-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·-·- I NI~JI Br. OM a. Au. c Arg. B DENSITY: Population per km2 of area, 1968 AREA Under 25 D = 1 Million Square Kilometers 25- 49 so- 99 100 and over IBRD POPULATION BY COUNTRY Table 1.2 Population Estimates Mid-1970 In millions Country Population Country Population Country Population Country Population Country Population Afghanistan 17.0 Costa Rica 1.8 Iran 28.4 Muscat & Oman 0.7 South West Africa 0.6 Albania 2.2 Cuba 8.4 Iraq 9.7 Nepal 11.2 Spain 33.2 Algeria 14.0 Cyprus 0.6 Ireland 3.0 Netherlands 13.0 Sudan 15.8 Angola 5.7 Czechoslovakia 14.7 Israel 2.9 New Guinea 1.7 Surinam 0.4 Argentina 24.3 Dahomey 2.7 Italy 53.7 New Zealand 2.9 Swaziland 0.4 Australia 12.5 Denmark 4.9 Ivory Coast 4.3 Nicaragua 2.0 Sweden 8.0 Austria 7.4 Dominican Republic 4.3 Jamaica 2.0 Niger 3.8 Switzerland 6.3 Bahamas 0.2 Ecuador 6.1 Japan 103.5 Nigeria 55.1 Syria 6.2 Barbados 0.3 El Salvador 3.4 Jordan 2.3 Norway 3.9 Tanzania 13.2 Belgium 9.7 Equa. Guinea 0.3 Kenya 10.9 Pakistan 136.9 Thailand 36.2 Bhutan 0.8 Ethiopia 25.0 Korea (North) 13.9 Panama 1.5 Togo 1.9 Bolivia 4.6 Fiji 0.5 Korea (Rep. of) 32.1 Papua 0.7 Trinidad & Tobago 1.1 Botswana 0.6 Finland 4.7 Kuwait 0.7 Paraguay 2.4 Trucial Oman 0.2 Brazil 93.0 France 51.1 Laos 3.0 Peru 13.6 Tunisia 5.1 Br. Solomon Is. 0.2 Gabon 0.5 Lebanon 2.8 Philippines 38.1 Turkey 35.6 Bulgaria 8.5 Gambia 0.4 Lesotho 1.0 Poland 33.0 Uganda 8.6 Burma 27.7 Germany (East) 16.2 Liberia 1.2 Portugal 9.6 U.S.S.R. 242.6 Burundi 3.6 Germany (Fed. Rep. of) 58.6 Libya 1.9 Port. Guinea 0.5 United Arab Rep. 33.9 Cambodia 7.1 Ghana 9.0 Luxembourg 0.4 Port. Timor 0.6 United Kingdom 56.0 Cameroon 5.8 Greece 8.9 Malagasy Rep. 6.9 Puerto Rico 2.8 United States 205.2 Canada 21.4 Guatemala 5.1 Malawi 4.4 Rhodesia 5.0 Upper Volta 5.4 Central Afr. Rep. 1.5 Guinea 3.9 Malaysia 10.8 Rumania 20.3 Uruguay 2.9 Ceylon 12.6 Guyana 0.7 Mali 5.1 Rwanda 3.6 Venezuela
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