The Penguins Have Landed

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SHARE Session 8554 Wednesday 3/2, 2011 The Penguins Have Landed Getting started with Linux on System z at Shelter Insurance Mark Workman Shelter Insurance Companies Shelter Insurance Midwest - 13 states
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SHARE Session 8554 Wednesday 3/2, 2011 The Penguins Have Landed Getting started with Linux on System z at Shelter Insurance Mark Workman Shelter Insurance Companies Shelter Insurance Midwest - 13 states Property and Casualty Life Reinsurance Other holdings 2 What s in a Name? 3 Or maybe Herding z Penguins Hording the Penguins Penguin Roundup Who s your Penguin? Penguins o Plenty Spanking the Penguins Penguins R Us 4 The Penguins Have Landed Why Penguins (Linux) Nesting the Penguins Feeding the Penguins Protecting the Penguins Working the Penguins Hatching new Penguins 5 Why Penguins Why Penguins Linux on System z Ten year old technology Linux virtual servers under z/vm or in an LPAR Virtualization More with less Extreme Virtualization 7 Why Penguins Software Licensing IBM Processor Value Units (PVU) Per core Distributed servers Many servers Many cores System z servers Few physical servers, cores Many servers per core Power and cooling PROD DEV TEST STAGE Why Penguins Really cool DR Model Recover entire system IPL Hypervisor (z/vm) Customize environment IPL Servers Faster Recovery Time Objective 9 Why Penguins Architectural Application closer to data Applications closer to each other Positioning for SOA 10 Nesting the Penguins Nesting the Penguins System z Hardware z/os & z/vm support Linux support Networking Virtualization z/vm Hypervisor CPU DASD Memory 12 z/vm Hypervisor Evolved from IBM s VM/370 Forty years of evolution Other uses Virtualize IBM Virtual Storage Extended (VSE) PROFS / OfficeVision ( of 1980s and 1990s) Application development Run-time environment Predecessor to PR/SM z/vm ONLINE / VV VVV MM MM / VV VVV MMM MMM ZZZZZZ / VV VVV MMMM MMMM ZZ / VV VVV MM MM MM MM ZZ / VV VVV MM MMM MM ZZ / VVVVV MM M MM ZZ / VVV MM MM ZZZZZZ / V MM MM built on IBM Virtualization Technology Fill in your USERID and PASSWORD and press ENTER (Your password will not appear when you type it) USERID === PASSWORD === COMMAND === RUNNING 13 z10 Processor 14 z10 Processor HiperSocket MVS Images in LPARs zvm Image in LPAR Coupling Facility TEST DEVL PROD GP GP GP GP ICF ziip IFL IFL IFL 88 GB Memory Disk Tape Net 15 z10 Processor HiperSocket MVS Images in LPARs zvm Image in LPAR IMS DB2 PROD GP GP GP GP ICF ziip IFL IFL IFL 88 GB Memory Disk Tape Net 16 z10 Processor HiperSocket MVS Images in LPARs zvm Image in LPAR IMS DB2 PROD VSWITCH GP GP GP GP ICF ziip IFL IFL IFL 88 GB Memory Disk Tape Net 17 Feeding the Penguins Feeding the Penguins SLES 11 Linux for System z Build Template (Gold) servers Sized by application type Six Gigabyte basic Thirteen gigabyte Modest Application Twenty-seven Gigabyte Larger Application Clone and grow Six or 20 gigabyte increments 19 Feeding the Penguins Cloning SERVER FILE list of servers and unique attributes Copy virtual disks of base server to new server Configure with unique server name, IP addresses, etc Provision a new virtual server in five to ten minutes 20 SERVER FILE NAME xxx1 ABC1 SYS2 MMMn etc IP-unique-information DR Unique Values Linux File System /etc Configuration files 1) Manually Edit File z/vm MY INFO file on MY INFO file on EACH MY INFO server file on EACH MY INFO server file on EACH MY INFO server file on EACH server EACH server Linux 21 Protecting the Penguins Protecting the Penguins Monitoring z/vm Hypervisor Linux Servers Alerts Storage Management Penguin Security 23 Monitoring You need a tool You have numerous options Choose carefully You do not get what you do not pay for Reconcile the difference between virtual and real 24 How full is my bucket? Real Bucket Actual Available CPU 35% used % % 5% % % % Virtual Buckets Perceived Used CPU 25 Alerts We need to know when Server is down Server is looping File system is almost full System storage is almost full System is too busy Other bad stuff 26 Generating an $% &* VM/Linux Monitor Detect the out-of-bounds condition SNMP Enterprise Framework Generate Alert Automate Fix if possible Incident and Notification 27 Penguin Storage z/os Management All existing processes Allocating and Managing DASD volumes Backup Restore Recovery z/vm Management Assign DASD volumes to servers Monitor Linux management Logical Volume Manager (LVM) Dynamically enlarge server application storage 28 Penguin Security z/vm Security RACF for VM Independent database Admin use only Logon to 3270 (green screen) Active Directory (AD) Integrate Linux servers into existing AD environment Group structure Developer Server Admin System Admin 29 Domain Controllers Samba / Active Directory Integration Validate access to resources Read Write WAS Admin Developer Linux Admin Linux File System SAMBA server /opt EAR/JAR Logs Code Config 30 Working the Penguins Working the Penguins WebSphere Application Server (WAS) Home grown applications Vendor applications Provisioning Environments / number of servers Size depending upon application Clone and Deploy servers Install / verify / implement applications 32 Penguin Jobs Shelter Search WAS 6.1 application Locally Developed Insured / Agent search Multiple environments Previously multiple Wintel servers Moved all environments to Linux 34 Data Flow z10 Processor HiperSocket MVS Images in LPARs zvm Image in LPAR IMS DB2 PROD GP GP GP GP?? VSWITCH ICF ziip IFL IFL IFL 88 GB Memory Disk Tape Ne t HTTP 35 Penguin Jobs WebSphere Process Server (WPS) IBM application Work Flow management Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Enables Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) 36 Penguin Saves PVUs Processor Value Units (PVUs) WPS $250,000 for 360 PVUs $?,???,??? For 3,200 PVUs PROD DEV TEST STAGE 3 PVU=360 PVU=3, New Penguin Jobs Billing System Vendor application WebSphere Communications Framework 4Q 2011? Common Services (CSA) WebSphere Customer Access ecommerce 3Q 2011? Insurance Verification System (IVS) Internally Developed Law Enforcement can verify status of an insured WebSphere Nevada initially 2Q 2011? 38 Hatching New Penguins Hatching new Penguins WAS - More of the same IBM Best and Good Fit lists 40 Best Fit Application Workloads* WebSphere MQ Series DB2 Connect CICS Transaction Gateway, IMS Connect for Java WebSphere and JAVA applications development WebSphere - Application Server (WAS), Portal Domino Network Infrastructure: FTP, NFS, DNS etc.., Applications requiring top end disaster recovery model Virtualization and Security Services InfoSphere/Cognos *Bill Reeder IBM Linux for System z Sales and Strategy 41 Good Fit Application Workloads* DB2 (LUW) Apache web serving SAMBA TIM/TAM (LDAP Services) TSM *Bill Reeder IBM Linux for System z Sales and Strategy 42 Other things for the future Shared WebSphere binaries Tools for WAS Admins to serve themselves More performance / scalability testing Better management of patches Move to VM-based backup / recovery 43 Actual Software Stack z/vm IBM Virtualization System management RACF, DIRM SLES Novell zeps Velocity Monitor Alerts Tivoli Omegamon IBM Enterprise Framework Service Desk CA Problem and Incident Notification FDR on z/os Backup, restore, recover 44 Lots of resources out there Red Books Whitepapers SHARE presentations Linux Forms Linux and VM Listserv Vendor support Existing staff 45 What we have learned (so far) Nothing is as easy as it sounds There is no substitute for smart, hard work Experience is all about knowing what shortcuts to avoid Don t underestimate cultural challenges Do you homework never stop learning Start with the infrastructure People - Processes - Tools 46 The Penguins Have Landed Why Penguins (Linux) Nesting the Penguins Feeding the Penguins Protecting the Penguins Working the Penguins Hatching new Penguins 47 Complex Counter-Cultural Opportunity to Learn Journey Not a Destination 48 Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect. Mark Twain Cheers! Mark Workman
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