Poverty comparisons : a guide to concepts and methods

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Poverty assessments are typically clouded in conceptual and methodological uncertainties. How should living standards be assessed? Is a household survey necessary, and is it a reliable guide? Where should the poverty line be drawn, and does the choice matter? What poverty measure should be used in aggregating data on individual living standards? Does that choice matter? This paper surveys the issues that need to be considered in answering these questions, and discusses a number of new tools of analysis which can greatly facilitate poverty comparisons, recognizing the uncertainties involved. Various applications in poverty assessment and policy evaluation for developing countries are used to show how these methods can be put into practice. Recommendations are made for future applied work.
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CHXc Pa6owAi ,LoKyMeHT N288 R CPABHHTEJIbHbIE OUEHKH BEIHOCTH MapTHH PaBaiIOH BCeMHpHbIr2 6aHK BaIIIHIHTOH 1999 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK 1818 H Street, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20433, U.S.A. Bce npaBa 3awHiuieHb1 I43FOTOBjieHO B CoeaHHeHHbix LImTaTax AMepHKH 1 -e H3L4aHHe Ha pyCCKOM s3biKe: 3eBpanb 1999 r. CTpeMAcb 6e3 3agepxKeK ony6nHKoBaTb pe3yflbTaTbi CTaTHCTH1IeCKOro HCCJIeLOBaHMA YpOBHA )KH3HH, BceMHpHblEi 6aHK OTCTynHJI npH nOIrOTOBKe pyKonHCH TpegnlaraeMori pa6oTb1 K neElaTH OT npHSHTbEX ripaBHJI ny6JuHKaUmH o4HlUHajiHbIX goKyMeHTOB, B CBI3H C 'eM He HeCeT HHKaKOH oTBeTcTBeHHocTH 3a BO3MO)KHbie o0IIH6KH. PSa LUHTHpyeMbIX HCTOIHHKOB HMeeTcS TOJIbKO B BH,e Heony6YiHKoBaHHbEx pa6oqHx aoKyMeHToB. lHpHBoRi4Mbie B pa6oTe 4faKTb6i, HX TOJIKOBaHHe H BhMBOREbI npHHaAnexcaT aBTOpaM H He MOryT 6blTb npnHfUCaHbi BCeMHpHOMy 6aHKy, CBS3aHHbIM C HHM opraH3aIIHAM, xmeHaM CoBeTa HCrIoJ1HHTeYIbHbIx ,aHpeKTOpOB B)aHKa HuH npegcTaBIAmbim HMH cTpaHaM. 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Pa3pemleHHe Ha BOCnpOH3BOACTBO OTgejibHbIX MaTepHaJIoB ,iA y'4e6Hbx UeJIeH MO)KHO noIyLIHTb no agpecy Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., Suite 910, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, Massachusetts 01923, U.S.A. flOJIHbliH nepetleHb y)Ke H3gaHHbMX ny6JIHKaIUHi BceMHpHoro 6aHKa ripHBOqMTCB B ewcerOAHOM BbIllYCKe Catalog of Publications, BKAIOqaiOLeM yKa3aTeJEb Bcex ny6nHKauHri no npegMeTy, a TaKwKe H4lopMaLLuHo o npHo6peTeHMH KaTajiora. 3a 6ecnnaTHbIM 3K3eMrui5poM nociieaHero BblnyCKa KaTanora cne,ayeT o6pauwaTbc no ajgpecy The World Bank, Publications Order Desk, P.O. Box 960, Herndon, VA 20172-9925. MapTHH PaBaiiOH ABJIqCTcM Ber[yUgMM 3KOHOMHCTOM HccniejoBaTenbcKoA rpynnbi no BOnpocaM pa3BHTHA BceMHpHoro 6aHKa. 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