New Welding Technologies and their Impact on the Australian Jewellery Manufacturing Industry - PDF

Please download to get full document.

View again

of 39
All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
Information Report



Views: 6 | Pages: 39

Extension: PDF | Download: 0

Related documents
International Specialised Skills Institute Inc New Welding Technologies and their Impact on the Australian Jewellery Manufacturing Industry Gillian Rainer International ISS Institute/DEEWR Trades Fellowship
International Specialised Skills Institute Inc New Welding Technologies and their Impact on the Australian Jewellery Manufacturing Industry Gillian Rainer International ISS Institute/DEEWR Trades Fellowship Fellowship supported by the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations, Australian Government ISS Institute Inc. APRIL 2010 International Specialised Skills Institute ISS Institute Suite Burke Road Camberwell Vic AUSTRALIA 3124 Telephone Facsimile Web Published by International Specialised Skills Institute, Melbourne. ISS Institute 101/685 Burke Road Camberwell 3124 AUSTRALIA April 2010 Also extract published on Copyright ISS Institute 2010 This publication is copyright. No part may be reproduced by any process except in accordance with the provisions of the Copyright Act This project is funded by the Australian Government under the Strategic Intervention Program which supports the National Skills Shortages Strategy. This Fellowship was funded by the Australian Government through the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations. The views and opinions expressed in the documents are those of the Authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Australian Government Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations. Whilst this report has been accepted by ISS Institute, ISS Institute cannot provide expert peer review of the report, and except as may be required by law no responsibility can be accepted by ISS Institute for the content of the report, or omissions, typographical, print or photographic errors, or inaccuracies that may occur after publication or otherwise. ISS Institute does not accept responsibility for the consequences of any actions taken or omitted to be taken by any person as a consequence of anything contained in, or omitted from, this report. Executive Summary The Australian jewellery industry has undergone dramatic changes over the last 20 years. In addition to the unprecedented increase in precious metal prices, the local manufacturing sector has been impacted since the early 1980s by the systematic reduction of tariffs and the implementation of various free trade agreements. This has resulted in an influx of cheap mass-produced jewellery predominantly from Asia and the growing movement to offshore manufacturing. The dominance of imported jewellery in the Australian market means that most of the work being done by local jewellers is in repairs, remakes, and re-sizes, resulting in the loss of manufacturing skills. In response to these developments the Australian training sector needs to do more to support more competitive jewellery design standards. The national training package for jewellery apprentices (Certificate III in Jewellery Manufacture (Apprenticeship) MEM 30605) focuses on traditional skills needed frequently to fill gaps in on-the-job training. There is often little or no exposure to handcrafting of bespoke design jewellery. Drawing and design disciplines comprise a minimal component in apprentice training. Other countries facing similar challenges have developed innovative and effective responses. One example is the Jewellery Industry Innovation Centre in Birmingham, UK. Recent case studies in Birmingham have demonstrated the direct benefits to jewellery manufacturing companies through collaborative projects involving knowledge transfer partnerships with higher education institutions. These studies have emphasised the development of a design strategy involving innovation in design and technology, analysis of market trends and fashions impacting on the company s product and liaison with customers and suppliers. The Fellow visited a number of jewellery manufacturing businesses in London and Birmingham, as well as educational institutions and research facilities. The Fellow was also able to attend four significant International Jewellery Fairs in London and meet contemporary leading jewellery designer/makers. The Fellow used her time in London and Birmingham to evaluate the technologies used in high-end manufacturing of jewellery for possible introduction to Australia. The technologies evaluated included laser welding, PUK pulse arc welding for joining traditional and nontraditional metals, such as titanium and stainless steel. The introduction of the best of these technologies into the Australian jewellery industry through new training modules will help improve opportunities for Australian designers to develop innovative jewellery solutions using traditional and non-traditional materials. By using distinctive Australian materials, local designers can differentiate their products from mass-produced imports and by using innovative marketing strategies and improved retailer education, they can introduce Australian consumers to new experiences of contemporary Australian jewellery. Table of Contents i iii Abbreviations and Acronyms Definitions 1 Acknowledgements 1 Awarding Body International Specialised Skills Institute (ISS Institute) 2 Fellowship Supporter 2 Supporters 3 Individuals and Organisations Impacted by the Fellowship 4 About the Fellow 5 Aims of the Fellowship Programme 6 The Australian Context 8 SWOT Analysis 10 Identifying the Skills Deficiencies 12 The International Experience 12 AR Dellow 17 Rofin-Baasel UK Ltd 21 Goldsmiths Fair The Goldsmiths Company 24 Change Act Share 24 The Birmingham Jewellery Quarter 25 Jewellery Industry Innovation Centre (JIIC) 26 Birmingham Institute of Art and Design (BIAD) 27 Sutton Tools Thomas Sutton (B ham) Ltd and Weston Beamor Ltd, Birmingham 33 Knowledge Transfer: Applying the Outcomes 34 Recommendations 34 Government 34 Industry 34 Professional Associations 34 Education and Training 35 ISS Institute 36 References 36 Bibliography 36 Websites Abbreviations and Acronyms i BA BIAD CIT CAD CAM DEEWR ERDF EU HND Hz ISS Instiute JAA JIIC JMGA JSIP KTP Scheme LSW ms Nd YAG crystal nm Ø OHS PUK RP Bachelor of Arts The Birmingham Institute of Art and Design Central Institute of Technology (formerly Central TAFE, WA) Computer-aided design Computer-aided manufacturing Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations European Regional Development Fund European Union Higher National Diploma Hertz (the units used to measure pulse frequency) International Specialised Skills Institute Jewellers Association of Australia Jewellery Industry Innovation Centre, Birmingham Jewellers and Metalsmiths Group of Australia Jewellery Sector Investment Plan Knowledge Transfer Partnerships Scheme Laser spot welder Millisecond (a common unit of time, equal to second, used to measure pulse duration) Neodymium doped yttrium aluminium garnet crystal Nanometre 1.0 x 10-9 metre (one billionth of a metre) Beam diameter Occupational health and safety A trademarked brand of a pulse arc welding machine designed and manufactured in Germany specifically for the jewellery industry Rapid prototyping Abbreviations and Acronyms ii TAFE TIG Technical and Further Education Tungsten inert gas µm Micrometre/micron 1.0x10-6 metre (one millionth of a metre) WA Western Australia Definitions iii Ablation Annealing Carbonisation Collet Design Foaming Haptics Hard soldering Innovation Lab jack Lasing Optical pumping Removal of surface material in the case of laser ablation by vaporisation. A heat treatment process that causes changes to the physical properties of the metal, such as strength and hardness. The conversion of an organic substance into carbon or carbon containing residue through heating at high temperatures. A holding device that clamps the material to be held in a collar and then tightened by a tapered outer collar. Design is problem setting and problem solving. Design is a fundamental economic and business tool. It is embedded in every aspect of commerce and industry and adds high value to any service or product in business, government, education and training, and the community in general. Reference: Sustainable Policies for a Dynamic Future, Carolynne Bourne AM, ISS Institute The partial degradation of the surface by creating gas bubbles within the material, which scatters the light and produces light marks. Technology that interfaces with the user through the sense of touch. Joining similar or dissimilar metals by solder, through the application of high temperatures to the objects. Creating and meeting new needs with new technical and design styles. (New realities of lifestyle). Reference: Sustainable Policies for a Dynamic Future, Carolynne Bourne AM, ISS Institute An adjustable height platform for supporting work inside the weld chamber. The process by which lasers operate. The process of using light to raise or pump electrons in an atom or molecule from a lower to a higher energy level. Definitions iv Pickling Skill deficiency Sustainability The process of soaking objects in a dilute acid solution to remove oxides and glassy flux residue caused by heating and soldering. A skill deficiency is where a demand for labour has not been recognised and training is unavailable in Australian education institutions. This arises where skills are acquired on-thejob, gleaned from published material or from working and/or studying overseas. Reference: Directory of Opportunities. Specialised Courses with Italy. Part 1: Veneto Region, ISS Institute, There may be individuals or individual firms that have these capabilities. However, individuals in the main do not share their capabilities, but rather keep the intellectual property to themselves. Over time these individuals retire and pass away. Firms likewise come and go. The ISS Institute follows the United Nations for Non- Governmental Organisations definition on sustainability: Sustainable Development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Reference: %20SD.htm Acknowledgements 1 Gillian Rainer would like to thank the following individuals and organisations who gave generously of their time and their expertise to assist, advise and guide her throughout the Fellowship programme. Awarding Body International Specialised Skills Institute (ISS Institute) The International Specialised Skills Institute Inc is an independent, national organisation that for over two decades has worked with Australian governments, industry and education institutions to enable individuals to gain enhanced skills and experience in traditional trades, professions and leading-edge technologies. At the heart of the Institute are our Fellows. Under the Overseas Applied Research Fellowship Programme the Fellows travel overseas. Upon their return, they pass on what they have learnt by: 1. Preparing detailed reports to government departments, industry and education institutions. 2. Recommending improvements to accredited educational courses. 3. Offering training activities including workshops, conferences and forums. Over 180 Australians have received Fellowships, across many industry sectors. Recognised experts from overseas also conduct training activities and events. To date, 22 leaders in their field have shared their expertise in Australia. According to Skills Australia s Australian Workforce Futures: A National Workforce Development Strategy 2010 : Australia requires a highly skilled population to maintain and improve our economic position in the face of increasing global competition, and to have the skills to adapt to the introduction of new technology and rapid change. International and Australian research indicates we need a deeper level of skills than currently exists in the Australian labour market to lift productivity. We need a workforce in which more people have skills, but also multiple and higher level skills and qualifications. Deepening skills across all occupations is crucial to achieving long-term productivity growth. It also reflects the recent trend for jobs to become more complex and the consequent increased demand for higher level skills. This trend is projected to continue regardless of whether we experience strong or weak economic growth in the future. Future environmental challenges will also create demand for more sustainability related skills across a range of industries and occupations. 1 In this context, the Institute works with Fellows, industry and government to identify specific skills in Australia that require enhancing, where accredited courses are not available through Australian higher education institutions or other Registered Training Organisations. The Fellows overseas experience sees them broadening and deepening their own professional practice, which they then share with their peers, industry and government upon their return. This is the focus of the Institute s work. For further information on our Fellows and our work see Patron in Chief Lady Primrose Potter AC Board Chairman Ms Noel Waite AO Board Members Mr Mark Bennetts Mr Franco Fiorentini Sir James Gobbo AC, CVO Mr John Iacovangelo Mr David Wittner Chief Executive Officer Mr Jeremy Irvine 1 Skills Australia s Australian Workforce Futures: A National Workforce Development Strategy 2010, pp. 1-2 Acknowledgements 2 Fellowship Supporter This Fellowship has been supported by the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR), Australian Government. The Australian Government s Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) implements government policies and programs to provide education and training opportunities for all Australians, to increase employment participation and to ensure fair and productive workplaces. Education, training and workforce participation are central to our goal of building a productive and socially inclusive nation, one which values diversity and provides opportunities for all Australians to build rewarding social and economic lives. Gillian Rainer would like to thank them for providing funding support for this Fellowship. Supporters AR Dellow, Laser Specialist and Jeweller Tony Dellow, Director artsource Jenny Kerr, Manager, Client Services Change Act Share Maria Spanou, Jewellery Sector Project Assistant Jewellers Association of Australia Ian Hadassin, CEO Jewellery Industry Innovation Centre (JIIC) Dr Ann-Marie Carey, Research Fellow, and Frank Cooper, Technical Manager Linneys Pty Ltd Alan Linney, Principal Maunfacturing Skills Australia Bob Paton, CEO Rofin-Basel UK Ltd Dave MacLellan, Sales Manager, Micro Division Central Institute of Technology (formerly Central TAFE WA) Digby de Bruin, Portfolio Manager, Art CIT The Goldsmiths Company Karin Paynter, Assistant Director Technology and Training Acknowledgements 3 Individuals and Organisations Impacted by the Fellowship Ian Hadassin Chief Executive Officer, Jewellers Association of Australia Ph: Jewellers and Metalsmiths Group of Australia Mal Gammon Industry Training Council and Industry Skills Council Ph: Michael Dieckmann Chair WA Branch, Jewellers Association of Australia Peter Keep Jewellery Apprentice Lecturer Central Institute of Technology The Gold and Silversmiths Guild of Australia About the Fellow 4 Name: Gillian Rainer Employment Lecturer in Jewellery and Object Design, Central Institute of Technology, Western Australia Qualifications Bachelor of Arts, Curtin University of Technology, 1980 Certificate IV in Assessment and Workplace Training BSZ40198, 2003 Memberships Design Institute of Australia Associate Member Artsource Access Member Jewellers and Metalsmiths Group of Australia (JMGA) FORM 2 Gillian Rainer s interest in jewellery making began at the age of 10 when her father, a Professor of Dentistry, taught her the ancient art of wax casting. Her career in jewellery making started as a teenager when she enrolled in a summer school class at the Fremantle Arts Centre. After initially taking jewellery units at Perth TAFE during her first year Bachelor of Arts, the Fellow subsequently moved full time to jewellery design study at the Western Australian Institute of Technology (now Curtin University). Her most significant contribution to the jewellery industry has been as a teacher in jewellery design and production in both Australia and New Zealand. For over 30 years she has successfully combined her teaching with work as a jewellery designer and maker. The Fellow has contributed to group jewellery shows and has had solo exhibitions. One of her most significant exhibitions was Impulse and Response for which she was curator, and she co-exhibited at the Goethe-Institut in Wellington, New Zealand (NZ) with pre-eminent German goldsmith, Hermann Junger and a group of NZ jewellers. More recently the Fellow has participated in of group exhibitions including Precious Ore Precious Ties at the Miners Hall of Fame in Kalgoorlie, Western Australia and The Ring Project at the Kingfisher Gallery in West Perth. The genesis of the ideas that inform her current work is in the fundamental micro and macro forms and patterns that occur in the natural world. The Fellow is fascinated by the simple geometry found in plants and animals and the way that these patterns are repeated on various scales and in endless repetitions to create complexity and diversity. 2 FORM is an independent, not for profit organisation that promotes creativity across the state of Western Australia. Aims of the Fellowship Programme 5 The Fellowship had four principal aims: First, acquire new skills in the use of laser welding and pulse arc welding for jewellery manufacture using a variety of materials including precious metals, non-precious metals and incorporating gem material, wood, plastics, glass, ceramic, stone and other materials. Second, establish new international networks of people using the latest technology who could be accessed for advice by Australian designers and manufacturers. Third, get a first-hand insight into how new technologies and contemporary design trends are being integrated into the UK jewellery manufacturing industry, and ascertain how these are used to advance their strategy to remain competitive and commercially viable in the face of low cost, mass-produced imports. Fourth, investigate how educational and training programmes in the United Kingdom are developed in consultation with industry to meet current and future industry requirements. The Australian Context 6 The Australian jewellery industry has undergone dramatic changes over the last 20 years. In addition to the unprecedented increase in precious metal prices, the local manufacturing sector has been impacted upon since the early 1980s by the systematic reduction of tariffs and the implementation of various free trade agreements. This has resulted in an influx of cheap mass-produced jewellery predominantly from Asia and the growing movement to offshore manufacturing. The pressure these changes have placed on profit margins for domestically designed and manufactured product has been a key contributor to the closure of at least 80 per cent of local jewellery manufacturing companies. The value of imported pearl and stone both semiprecious and precious jewellery, goldsmith and silver smith wares and other articles of precious or semiprecious materials, such as watches and clocks increased from $499 million in to $2.2 billion in an increase of 346 per cent. Finished jewellery imports over the same time increased by 405 per cent. 3 The Jewellers Association of Australia (AJA) estimates that imports comprise approximately 90 per cent of jewellery sold in Australia today. 4 This is predominantly low cost, low added value product from Asia (particularly from China and India) with a low labour cost component. A contributing factor for this is that Australian consumers are driven by price point, with little awareness or interest in where products are made and under what circumstances. Ethical issues regarding conflict-free diamonds and the occupational health and safety (OHS) standards and working conditions, including the use of child/slave labour in jewellery sweatshops
View more...
We Need Your Support
Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

No, Thanks

We need your sign to support Project to invent "SMART AND CONTROLLABLE REFLECTIVE BALLOONS" to cover the Sun and Save Our Earth.

More details...

Sign Now!

We are very appreciated for your Prompt Action!