Luthfansa Cargo | Transportation Security Administration | Airport Security

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   Air Cargo Security – Investing in the Future Security News 2007 Insight – Background – Outlook Security on the growth path page 2Security architecture sets standard page 3Events and Security Regulations page 4Feeling good on take-off page 5Glossary Security page 6 A lot done, a lot to be done page 7Technology at the forefront page 8Freight in good hands page 9Training assures quality page 10  2 Security News Dear Readers, The terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001 have triggered enduring change in the aviation industry. Since then, quality has come to mean more than just transporting passengers and cargo fast, exibly and reliably to their destination – it now critically entails protecting passengers and cargo against external thre - ats. Only by ensuring maximum security in the transport chain can we harness the growth opportunities our industry offers. Precisely for that reason, we have placed security at the core of all our processes. It inuences our recruitment policy, it prompts our investment in cutting-edge technology, and it has led to the establishment of our own security department, which guarantees that we work, worldwide, to the same high security standards. Our efforts are notably de-monstrated by our Security Hubs in Frankfurt, Shanghai and New York. Equipped with state-of-the-art technology, they are setting interna-tional standards in security and logistics. In order to ensure that we remain bench- marks in the eld, we will continue to invest in technology, personnel and processes. That will, above all, benet our customers, be they at destinations in Europe and the USA or in the Asian growth markets. Security is integral in the quality we strive for, it is integral in the performance standards that we promise. Se-curity is part of the DNA of Lufthansa Cargo.Cordially yoursCarsten Spohr Editorial Carsten Spohr Executive Board Member Sales and Marketing High-tech components for the electronics and automobile industry, vaccines or luxury goods. Whatever the shipment, it will very probably be own to its destination around the world by Lufthansa Cargo. Airfreight is a premium market. Its growth is fuelled primarily by high-value goods. Although in terms of volume, only less than one per cent of worldwide trade is transported by air, that percentage accounts for more than a third of the value of total cargo tonnage. In Germany alone, airfreight accounts for more than 40 per cent of exports in terms of value. Freight trafc is strongest within and out of the  Asia-Pacic region, and the principal growth driver is China. According to the Federal Statistics Ofce, shipments ex Germany alone in 2006 rose by 24.7 per cent while imports from China soared by 22.7 per cent. And future prospects are looking good. The International Air Transport Association IATA is anticipating yearly growth of more than 5 percent in the years ahead. Lufthansa Cargo has implemen-ted new security measures quik-kly and efficiently. Demand for airfreight is biggest among companies which depend on fast worldwide availability of transported goods. That is particularly true in the semiconductor industry. The saying that a compu-ter is obsolete as soon as it leaves the shop has become almost folklore. Consequently, success in the industry hinges essentially on efcient linkage into global production networks. Such links or connections are best provided by air cargo. And speed is not the only imperative, equally important is transport security and reliability. No wonder, since a pallet of high-value electronic components can easily be worth more than a million euros. Owing to its experience in the transport of such valuable goods, and its focus on its own quality standards, Lufthansa Cargo was also well pre-pared for the new international security require-ments which came into force this year. Alongside the EU regulations, which became effective with the amended Aviation Security Act in Germany on 1 February 2006, those new directives inclu-de the Air Cargo Security Requirements of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) at the US Homeland Security Department, which became applicable in May 2006. Lufthansa Cargo has quickly and efciently implemented the new security measures and the detailed procedures laid down for all companies in the transport chain. Moreover, Lufthansa Cargo became the rst Euro - pean airline to receive certication to the C-TPAT programme (Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism) by the US Customs and Border Protec - Security on the growth path tion authority in 2004. The advantage for custo-mers: Shipments arrive faster at their destination. In order to guarantee speed and security in air cargo in fu-ture, Lufthansa Cargo intends to expand systematically its network of highly secure cargo hubs. Swift implementation of the new requirements was spurred by the fact that Lufthansa Cargo has ob-served measures required by US agencies, such as the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), since the end of the Nineties owing to its strong busi-ness in North America. That helped the Company to react quickly when the USA especially began tightening the security regime after the attacks on 11 September 2001.In order to guarantee speed and security in air cargo in future, Lufthansa Cargo intends to ex -pand systematically its network of highly secure cargo hubs. Alongside its existing security hubs in Frankfurt, New York and Shanghai, Lufthansa Cargo has begun expanding its security architec - ture in Munich and Johannesburg.  Air cargo is a growth market. The industry prots as scarcely any other does from global trading. Companies are increasingly utilising the advantages of fast and exible logistics – because they are secure and reliable. Lufthansa Cargo: Freight securely on its way  3 Security News Security will remain at the top of the agenda again this year at Lufthansa Cargo. Not only is this proven by strict implementation of the new EU Regulation 831 but also by deciding as early as last year to establish new security hubs at the Johannesburg and Munich sta-tions. The measures planned for South Africa are completely different from those in store for Lufthansa Cargo’s second German hub.Johannesburg 2007: Zero thefts  According to Harald Zielinski, the focus in Johan -nesburg is on preventing theft. LCAG’sHead of Security set a clear goal for 2007, com-menting about that last few months “We no longer want to suffer losses from theft.” Various airlines have been plagued by theft, sometimes with the use of rearms and even directly on the apron. He suspects that local authorities are powerless in the face of crime, saying Everybody wants more security, but so far airport operators have taken little action. We are no longer willing to accept this.” That is why Lufthansa Cargo supports the TAPA organization, which in February 2007 had already set up a “We no longer want tosuffer losses from theft.” task force focussed exclusively on the airport in Johannesburg. With Hermann Zunker, Regional Security architecture sets standard Director JNB FG, and Jon Clark, Handling Chief in Johannesburg, LCAG’s Security Department is taking independent action and investing in new fencing, monitoring systems and security personnel.That is why in South Africa Lufthansa Cargo is taking action on its own and investing innew fencing, monitoring systems and security personnel. Zielinski, however, reports that it is unfortunately not easy to nd suitable people. For this reason one of his colleagues was at the station in January to get an impression about the situation and to make more detailed plans for further enhancing security. He feels word of this project will get around, saying “Customers will give carefully consideration who they entrust with their valuable freight.” Munich: Setting consistent security Stadards By contrast, this year Munich is to become a testing centre for modern security systems. Lufthansa Cargo wishes to learn from the tests what devices are appropriate for practical use and whether they can be integrated within the existing security chain and, if so, how this should be done without adversely impacting or delaying opera-tions. During this project phase, Lufthansa Cargo is working closely with all partners involved in the transport process, whether the airport operator, customs, the Federal Ofce of Police, the Ministry of the Interior or EU authorities. New security hubs in Johannesburg and Munich with different objectives “We are offering the authori-ties our active support because we want to move development along in cooperation with them.” The objective of this joint trial phase is to reach consensus on standards which the transport in-dustry as well as legislators from various countries can observe. “We are still in a grey zone. What one inspector allows is no guarantee that another one will approve it,” says Zielinski about the currently contradictory situation. “We are offering the autho-rities our active support because we want to move development along in cooperation with them.” The apron in Johannesburg X-ray equipment at the Security Hub Frankfurt  4 Security News 1234567891011121314151617181920212322 Extension of security policy toand investments in Asia Installation of security hubs in Munich and Johannesburg Test programme for security tech-nology in FrankfurtEstablishment of Lufthansa Cargo Se-curity Department(40 LufthansaCargo staff + 45 external employees) Start of intensive security training for entire workforceImplementation of advance declaration of cargo to USA in accordance with Air Automated Manifest System Installation of Security Hubs inFrankfurt, New Yorkand ShanghaiInvestment in new security technology (including sniffer devices, x-ray equip -ment and cameras)Security surveillance of parked aircraftLufthansa Cargo, the rst European airline to receive C-TPAT certication Implementation of  Aviation Security  ActInvestment in new x-ray technologyModernisation of security technology at Lufthansa Cargo USA (video survei-llance,biometric systems, access controls)Investment in new electronic explosive detection systemsDevelopment of web-based trainingfor Lufthansa Cargo staff(rollout 2007)Investment in South America befor 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Conversion of allprocedures and processes in handling of cargo and aircraft.Conversion of IT ... and selected investments by Lufthansa Cargo in Security  Security Surcharge  2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Events and Security Regulations ... 24 1 Bomb attack on Pan AM 103 (Lockerbie), 21 December 1988 2 Aviation Security Improvement Act, 19903 Attacks on 11 September 20014 Aviation & Transportation Security Act, Founding of Transportation Security Administration (TSA) in US, November 2001 5 ICAO Aviation Security Plan of Action, June 2002 6 Founding of Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT), October 20027 Establishment of US Department of Homeland Security, start of debate on Air Cargo Strategic Plan, November 2002 8 Specication of common security requirements in civil aviation (EU Regulation 2320/2002),16 December 20029 Precise denition of EU Regulation 2320/2002 by EU Regulation 622/2003, 4 April 2003 10 All Cargo International Security Program (49CFR1550) (USA), November 2003 11 TSA issues NPRM – (Notice of Proposed Rule Making under the Federal Register) on aviation security (USA), End of 200412 Adoption of Aviation Security Act (LuSiG), 15 January 200513 Revision of the Model Security Program (49CFR1546) signicantly tightens cargo screening requirements, spring 200514 Implementation of EU Regulation 1138/2004 at German airports (screening of ight crews and ground staff), 1. January 2006, airport operators charge at fees for security services15 Start of Phase II of European Air Cargo Study, January 2006 16 First stage in implementation of 2320 and 622 in Germany, 1 February 2006 17 TSA issues new Air Cargo Security Requirements and condential implementation instructions, 26 May 200618 TSA issues further rules for air cargo transported on passenger aircraft, 10 July 2006 19 Second stage in implementation of 2320 and 622 in Germany, 1 August 200620 Additional checking and screening requirements mandated for airlines (USA), October 200621 TSA announces issuance of further Air Cargo Security Requirements at the end of 2006, October 2006 22 Tighter requirements specied in EU Regulation 831 (security personnel training, standardised freight documents, end of exemptions for valuable cargo and animal transports, ve-day storage of insecure cargo)23 New training requirement comes into force in Germany, January 200724 TSA again tightens the requirements for passenger and cargo aircraft, 12 March 2007
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