KS1 Look, Learn and Do: At Marwell Zoo!

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KS1 Look, Learn and Do: At Marwell Zoo! KS1 Look, Learn and Do: At Marwell Zoo! This activity pack is designed for adult helpers to use during a trip to Marwell Zoo, supporting children s learning at eight
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KS1 Look, Learn and Do: At Marwell Zoo! KS1 Look, Learn and Do: At Marwell Zoo! This activity pack is designed for adult helpers to use during a trip to Marwell Zoo, supporting children s learning at eight of our most popular and fascinating animals. The pack provides a series of directed observations, fun facts, and kinaesthetic activities in order to engage all children with their various learning styles. Each factsheet also includes the answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about each animal, and a space for noting down any children s questions which will need researching later! You can use as many of the factsheets as you like, depending on which animals meet your current topic requirements. Or just take them all and enjoy exploring the zoo! The animals included in this pack are: Humboldt penguin, cheetah, giraffe, Amur leopard, meerkat, Amur tiger, ostrich and ring-tailed lemur. Curriculum Links SCIENCE Working scientifically asking simple questions observing closely using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions Year 1 Animals, including humans identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including pets) Year 2 Living things and their habitats identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including micro-habitats Humboldt penguin Habitat: Coastal waters; nests on rocky shores and islands. What is it like in this habitat? (Cold in the water, but can be quite warm on land) Look: Can you see... A hard beak? Webbed feet? Flipper-like wings? Beady eyes? Tiny feathers? A speckly tummy? How do all these features help the Humboldt penguin to survive in its habitat? Hard beak helps catch and grip onto fish Flipper-like wings for propelling through the water (swimming!) Beady eyes for a good sense of sight underwater and on land Webbed feet for steering underwater (like a boat s rudder) Tiny feathers to keep the penguin warm and protect its skin from the sun Speckly tummy for camouflage Learn: Did you know? The Humboldt penguin does not come from Antarctica! It lives in South America. Even though penguins cannot fly, they are still birds! What can you see that tells you penguins are birds? (Beak, wings (flippers!), tiny feathers. They also lay hard shelled eggs, which they look after in a nest.) Can you think of any other birds that cannot fly? (Ostrich, greater rhea, emu, kiwi, dodo etc. Note: chickens, flamingos and peacocks all can fly!) Do: Penguin passion! Humboldt penguins have a special way of trying to attract a mate. They tilt back their heads, hold out their flippers, and make a loud braying call that sounds a bit like a donkey! Have a go to see if you could attract a penguin mate! Any questions? Do any other penguins live away from the South Pole? Yes! As well as Antarctica, penguins also can be found in South America, southern Africa, Australia and New Zealand. They do all live in the southern hemisphere though (below the equator). What do they eat? In the wild, Humboldt penguins eat oily fish like anchovies and sardines, as well as squid and krill. Here at the zoo, we feed them herrings that are MSC-certified, so that we know the fish is coming from a sustainable source. Why do they have plastic tags on their flippers? The tags are there to help the zookeepers work out which penguin is which! Some of the zookeepers can tell the penguins apart by the pattern of speckles on their tummies, but it is easier to look at the colour coded tags. If you are not sure of an answer, don t guess! Write the question here so you can help the children find out the answer later. Cheetah Habitat: Mostly grasslands. What is it like in this habitat? (Generally hot and dry for most of the year, with one rainy season) Look: Can you see... A small head? Long legs? Spotty pattern? Short fur? Long tail? Claws sticking out? How do all these features help the cheetah to survive in its habitat? Small head lightweight to help it run faster Pattern helps it creep up close to prey (camouflage) Short fur helps keep it cool Long legs so it can take great strides as it runs Long tail to help with balance and turning sharp corners at speed Claws to catch prey, but also for grip Learn: Did you know? The cheetah is the fastest land animal in the world! How fast do you think they can run? (Up to 65mph!) But for most of their hunts, cheetahs rely more on their skill and ability to turn quickly than this amazing speed. Usually they run at around 30mph to catch their prey. Do: Race a cheetah! (fair weather only) Just beyond the cheetah enclosure, on the right, is a running track you can try one at a time. The speedometer at the end of the track will estimate how fast you run. Could you beat a cheetah in a race? One small step for man, one giant leap for cheetah-kind Take one big step forwards, as far as you can reach (be careful not to do the splits!). Ask a friend to measure the distance between your feet, using whatever you have to hand. How far do you think a cheetah can travel in one stride at its top speed? (Up to 8m!) Any questions? Are they dangerous? Cheetahs are not usually dangerous to people. They tend to be quite cautious because of their delicate (easily broken) long legs they do not want to get into a fight! Generally they will only come close out of curiosity. Why do they have tear marks? The black streaks running down a cheetah s face are thought to help keep the sun s glare out of their eyes, a bit like sunglasses! It looks like a cat! Yes, cheetahs are in the same family as domestic (pet) cats. If you are not sure of an answer, don t guess! Write the question here so you can help the children find out the answer later. Giraffe Habitat: Savannah and woodland. What is it like in this habitat? (Generally hot and dry for most of the year, with one rainy season) Look: Can you see... A very long neck? Two little horns? A long tongue? Long legs? Big eyes? Patchy pattern? How do all these features help the giraffe to survive in its habitat? Long neck to help it reach high up leaves Long tongue to help it grab and pull leaves off the branches Long legs to help it reach high up leaves Little horns male giraffes use these for fighting Big eyes to look out for predators Pattern for camouflage (from a distance!) Learn: Did you know? The giraffe is the tallest land animal in the world! How tall do you think they can grow up to? Male giraffes can be over 5m tall! Females tend to be a bit smaller, at just over 4m tall. What do you think happens when a baby giraffe is born? The baby drops nearly 2m straight down onto the ground, as the mother stays standing up! Since giraffes give birth to live babies, and do not lay eggs, which animal group do they belong in? (Mammals) Do: Stand tall! There is a wall chart just outside the Into Africa giraffe house that you can use to compare yourself to a fully grown giraffe. How high can you reach up to? Outside the Science and Learning Centre, there is another panel where you can compare your height to a baby giraffe that has just been born! Who do you think will be taller? Lion attack! Stretch out your legs and bend down, like a giraffe taking a drink. Now imagine a lion is coming! Can you stand up again quickly, ready to run? Giraffes always have to be careful when they bend down to drink, as this is when lions and other predators have their chance to attack. Any questions? Why is its tongue that colour? Giraffes have dark, blue-black tongues to help protect them from getting sunburnt during feeding! Do they all have different patterns? Yes, it is possible to tell each giraffe apart by looking at its pattern just like our fingerprints! Giraffes also tend to have different types of pattern depending on where in Africa they come from. Are they friendly? Yes, in a way: giraffes are gentle animals, and they can be quite curious and inquisitive. They are not usually very cuddly or affectionate though they are still wild animals, not pets! If you are not sure of an answer, don t guess! Write the question here so you can help the children find out the answer later. Amur leopard Habitat: Mountain forests. What is it like in this habitat? (Lots of trees, mountain streams, very cold in the winter) Look: Can you see... Thick fur? Spotty pattern? Quite small ears? Eyes looking forward? A long, furry tail? Long whiskers? How do all these features help the Amur leopard to survive in its habitat? Thick fur keeps it warm Spotty pattern helps it creep up on prey (camouflage in the trees) Long, furry tail for balance as it climbs and leaps Quite small ears to help reduce heat loss and keep warm Eyes looking forward to help it judge distances accurately when hunting Long whiskers to sense obstacles when hunting at night Learn: Did you know? The Amur leopard is one of the rarest kinds of animal in the world. There are not very many left. How many Amur leopards do you think scientists might have counted in the wild? Just 45 but this is better than in 2007 when they only found 35, so it looks like the efforts to try and protect them are making a difference! Do: Can the leopard change his spots? No, but each Amur leopard has its own unique pattern of spots, just like our fingerprints! All leopards also have a different type of spotty pattern to the other big cats. Look closely at the Amur leopards. Can you tell which of these spotty patterns belongs to one of them? A B C D (Answer: pattern B belongs to an Amur leopard. A = a cheetah, C = a jaguar and D = a snow leopard) Any questions? Why is it asleep? Like all big cats, Amur leopards love to nap! In the wild they are nocturnal hunters, so they would naturally spend time sleeping during the day. It looks like a cat! Yes, Amur leopards are in the same family as domestic (pet) cats. If you are not sure of an answer, don t guess! Write the question here so you can help the children find out the answer later. Meerkat Habitat: Dry grasslands and scrublands. What is it like in this habitat? (Hot and dry, with few trees) Look: Can you see... Short fur? Dark eye patches? Light brown colour? Long, sharp claws? Long, thin tail? Sensitive ears and nose? How do all these features help the meerkat to survive in its habitat? Short fur keeps it cool (and prevents sunburn!) Light brown colour helps it creep up on prey, and avoid being eaten by other predators (camouflage in the sandy soil and dry grass) Long, thin tail to help it balance when standing up on its back legs Dark eye patches to help keep the bright sun out of its eyes, like sunglasses! Long, sharp claws for digging burrows and digging up insects for food Sensitive ears and nose to sense prey animals moving underground or in the grass Learn: Did you know? In the wild, meerkats live in large family groups of up to 50 members! These groups are called mobs and all the meerkats in a mob rely on each other for food and protection. They all take it in turns to do chores such as searching for food, babysitting, and looking out for predators. Do: Watch out, predator about! Can you see any meerkats which are standing high up on a rock or branch? These meerkats are on sentry duty, and their job is to let the other members of the group know when a predator is approaching. The sentry meerkat makes a different call depending on which type of predator is spotted. Play this game to see if you could survive as a meerkat! Choose 3 sounds which will be the meerkats warning calls for the following 3 predators: (for example raaaar for the jackal, eeeeeep for the eagle, and ssssss for the snake). Then choose one of you to be the sentry. The sentry stands up straight, while all the other players bend down as if they are digging for food. The sentry randomly selects warning calls to make, and the other players have to react as follows: Jackal or Eagle sit down as quickly as you can (like the meerkats hiding in their burrow) Snake snakes can slither down burrows, so hiding underground is no good! Jump up and down and hiss to try and scare away the snake, just like real meerkats do. If you choose the wrong reaction to the sentry s warning call, or are too slow, you might be eaten and are out of the game! Any questions? Do they make good pets? No, even though meerkats look very cute and cuddly, they are still wild animals and not used to living with people. They are also predators so have a very nasty bite! How long do they live for? In captivity, meerkats can live for up to around 13 years. This is likely to be longer than they would live for in the wild, because meerkats in zoos are protected from predators, have a regular supply of food, and have access to veterinary attention in case of illness. If you are not sure of an answer, don t guess! Write the question here so you can help the children find out the answer later. Amur tiger Habitat: Forests and woodlands. What is it like in this habitat? (Lots of trees, mountain streams, very cold in the winter) Look: Can you see... Long, thick fur? Long whiskers? Stripy pattern? Sharp teeth? Big strong paws? Sharp claws? How do all these features help the Amur tiger to survive in its habitat? Thick fur keeps it warm Stripy pattern helps it creep up on prey (camouflage in the trees) Sharp teeth to kill and eat prey Long whiskers to sense obstacles when hunting at night Big strong paws helps it move on snowy or icy ground Sharp claws to catch and kill prey Learn: Did you know? The tigers here at Marwell were all born in captivity. But they still need the same things as wild tigers to stay alive and keep them healthy. What are these things? (Water, food, air, shelter etc.) Look at the tiger s big claws and sharp teeth (if it opens its mouth!). What do you think the tiger likes to eat? Meat a carnivore Plants a herbivore Both an omnivore Can you see any leftovers from the tiger s lunch in the enclosure? Do: Creeping tigers Tigers have to be very good at quietly creeping up on their prey, so that the prey animals don t spot the tiger coming and run away! The tigers stripy camouflage helps them blend into the background, and their big soft paws help them move quietly. Have a quick game to see how quietly you can creep. Choose one of you to be the listener. He or she must shut their eyes or turn their back to everyone else. The rest of you must creep as quietly as possible towards the listener. Whoever reaches them first is the winner but if they hear you coming you re out! Any questions? It looks like a cat! Yes, tigers are in the same family as domestic (pet) cats. Do they like going in the water? Yes, unlike most other cats, tigers are keen swimmers and can often spend time in the water. Are there any other stripy cats? No, tigers are the only wild cats with an all-over stripy pattern. Each individual also has a unique pattern of its stripes just like our fingerprints! Wow, it s so big! Yes, Amur tigers are the biggest cats in the world! Their large size helps to keep them warm and subdue their prey. If you are not sure of an answer, don t guess! Write the question here so you can help the children find out the answer later. Ostrich Habitat: Desert and dry grasslands. What is it like in this habitat? (Hot and dry, with few trees) Look: Can you see... Large eyes? A hard beak? Fluffy feathers? Tiny wings? Long legs? Sharp claws? How do all these features help the ostrich to survive in its habitat? Large eyes to look out for predators Fluffy feathers to help it keep warm at night, or cool off during the day Long legs for running quickly A hard beak for nibbling plants or catching prey Tiny wings although the ostrich has lost its ability to fly, it can still use its small wings for steering as it runs, keeping balance, and flapping displays Sharp claws for defence from predators and grip as it runs Learn: Did you know? It is easy to tell the male and female ostrich apart the males have black and white feathers, and the females are brown. These colours may help the ostrich to camouflage when they are sitting on their eggs: the dark coloured males sit on them at night, and the lighter females have their turn during the day! Do: Keep away from my chicks! When a male ostrich needs to defend his chicks from a nearby predator, he will first try to scare the predator away by waving his wings and making a low booming sound. Can you make yourself look scary by waving your arms and booming? If this threat display is not enough to scare off the predator, the ostrich can attack using its powerful legs and claws to kick. (please don t try this one!) Any questions? How fast can an ostrich run? Ostrich are excellent long distance runners, and can run at speeds of around 30mph for over half an hour. They can also reach a top speed of over 40mph in short bursts. How tall are they? A big male ostrich can grow to be over 2.5m tall! A female ostrich is usually smaller, at just under 2m tall. Do ostrich really bury their heads in the sand? No, this is just a myth. However, they do sit down and lay their long necks flat along the ground, so that they appear just to be a small mound of earth. This behaviour may have inspired the head-burying story. If you are not sure of an answer, don t guess! Write the question here so you can help the children find out the answer later. Ring-tailed lemur Habitat: Scrubland and forests of Madagascar. What is it like in this habitat? (Generally hot and dry for most of the year, with one cooler rainy season) Look: Can you see... A long stripy tail! Large, pointy ears? Long back legs? Long, wet nose? Thick, grey fur? Human-like hands? How do all these features help the ring-tailed lemur to survive in its habitat? Long stripy tail to help it follow other members of the group and balance in trees Long back legs to help it jump from tree to tree Thick, grey fur to keep it warm in cool weather and at night Large, pointy ears for a good sense of hearing Long, wet nose for an excellent sense of smell (their main sense for finding food) Human-like hands for good grip as it climbs trees Learn: Did you know? Male ring-tailed lemurs battle by having stink fights! They rub scent from a special gland on their wrist onto their tails, and wave the tails at each other to waft the scent. The lemur with the stinkiest tail wins! Do: A lemur s tale... Most ring-tailed lemurs have exactly the same number of black rings on their tails. Look closely at Marwell s ring-tailed lemurs: do you agree? How many black rings can you count on each of the lemurs tails? (usually 13, including the black tip to the tail; occasionally 14) Any questions? Where do they come from in the wild? All wild lemurs, including the ring-tailed lemur, are only found on the special African island of Madagascar! Do they make a noise? Yes, the lemurs are some of the noisiest animals at Marwell! Every so often, the lemurs all start screeching and howling together. Listen out for them while you walk around the zoo it is very loud! Why are they sitting like that?! Ring tailed lemurs like to sunbathe, just like we do! In the wild, this behaviour helps them to warm up their tummies first thing in the morning after a chilly night. If you are not sure of an answer, don t guess! Write the question here so you can help the children find out the answer later. 1. Humboldt penguin 2. Cheetah 3. Giraffe 4. Amur leopard 5. Meerkat 6. Amur tiger 7. Ostrich 8. Ring-tailed lemur
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