'If you live in a city, you don't need to own a car.' William Clay Ford Jr., CEO, Ford Motor Company Ltd. - PDF

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'If you live in a city, you don't need to own a car.' William Clay Ford Jr., CEO, Ford Motor Company Ltd. Car Facts: The American Automobile Association (AAA) says that, on average, it costs 52.2 cents
'If you live in a city, you don't need to own a car.' William Clay Ford Jr., CEO, Ford Motor Company Ltd. Car Facts: The American Automobile Association (AAA) says that, on average, it costs 52.2 cents to drive one mile. Household income spent on cars: 20% ( %) or Over $8,000 per household per year (39% of income for lower income households) 1 More Car Facts: The average N.A. car is driven just 66 minutes a day $8,000 to drive about 400 hours a year Or $666 to drive about 30 hours a month Or $22 to drive an hour a day Our Ranking The areas with the lowest expenses are those that have the highest public transit use, probably because those areas have lower car ownership. Even a modest reduction in the average number of motor vehicles per household translates into a significant drop in average household car expenses. 2 Car Sharing/ Car-Sharing/Carsharing What is it? History Car Sharing, launched in 1987 in Switzerland and later in 1988 in Germany, came to North America via Quebec City in 1993 and to Portland, OR in Car pooling Ride sharing Flex fuel vehicles Car Sharing: What it isn t... In the news 4 At U of F: Zipcar speeds toward expansion; car-sharing seeks inside track San Francisco Business Times - July 14, 2006 by Eric Young Fueled by an injection of cash, a car-sharing service said expansion plans in the San Francisco Bay Area are moving full speed ahead. Zipcar Inc., which started service in San Francisco last September, said it has expanded into Berkeley and Oakland. The company also plans to double the number of vehicles based in San Francisco to 300 by this time next year. Zipcar rents cars for a few hours at a time so drivers can avoid the higher cost of traditional car rental agencies or the expense of owning a vehicle. 5 Monday, May 20, 2002, 12:00 AM Filling 'missing link' in transit. By Sara Jean Green Seattle Times Eastside bureau At Kirkland's farmers market, Stacey Rush bought salad mix, arugula and cinnamon bread. She picked out plants for her garden: pumpkin, cucumber and broccoli. She purchased a big bouquet of red and white tulips, cradling the flowers in the crook of her arm. This is my problem too many things to take on the bus, said Rush, 35, a city storm-water-utility engineer on her lunch break. But she didn't have to juggle her groceries and briefcase on public transit. Instead, she walked a block from the market to a parking lot at the corner of Lake Street and Park Lane. There, she popped the trunk on a Honda, one of two Flexcars introduced to the city a month ago. Flexcar, a Seattle-based company founded in 1999, now has a little more than 5,000 members nationwide participating in its car-sharing programs, said John Williams, a company spokesman. The bulk of the members 3,700 live in Seattle. In Bellevue, 100 people have signed up to drive the three Flexcars parked around the city since the fleet was introduced eight months ago. In Kirkland, Rush is one of 50 city workers to embrace the program that is now being rolled out to the larger community. Flexcar is meant to be a flexible alternative for commuters, people without cars or those who occasionally need a second car for quick, close-to-home trips. The company pays for maintenance, parking, insurance and gas on the 70-plus sedans and pickups in its Puget Sound fleet, while members pay for the time and miles they drive. All Flexcar vehicles are less than 3 years old. And because most people use a Flexcar only weekly or monthly, chances are good members can get a vehicle even on short notice whenever they need it, said Williams. Now in the greater Seattle area; Portland/Vancouver, Wash.; Washington, D.C.; and, most recently, Long Beach, Calif., the company hopes to expand to 30 additional regional markets in the next five years, Williams said. People who could car pool, bus or bike to work are often loath to do so if they think they might need their car during the day to run errands or make emergency trips home, said Williams. So they drive, using their cars as mobility insurance even if their vehicles sit in a lot all day, he said. Flexcars are the missing link in neighborhood transit systems because, sometimes, you just need a car, Williams said. From Residents Call for Car Sharing - Zipcar Responds BROOKLYN, N.Y., June 12 /PRNewswire/ -- In response to high demand for alternative transportation options from local residents and community leaders, Zipcar, the world's largest car sharing company, today announced it will launch service into Fort Greene and Clinton Hill. With the help of local community members and organizations, Zipcar has responded to hundreds of requests from local residents by placing vehicles at convenient locations throughout the neighborhoods, giving local residents easy and affordable access to cars when they need them. Due to the overwhelming demand, Zipcar is immediately bringing five vehicles to both the DMK Garage at 116 Waverly Avenue and the Armory Parking Garage at 172 Vanderbilt Avenue, with plans to bring as many as 10 additional cars to Fort Greene and Clinton Hill during the next several months. The fleet will include a range of selfservice Zipcars, including Honda Civics, Mazda 3s, and Volkswagen Jettas. Zipcars will be immediately available to all members by the hour or day, allowing residents the freedom of car ownership when current transportation options do not meet their needs. Responds/3$3663 6 By PILAR ULIBARRI de RIVERA Palm Beach Post Staff Writer Wednesday, June 27, 2007 Most people are familiar with timesharing, where a group of people chip in to maintain a condo that they all use at different times. Imagine doing that with a car. The concept of car-sharing is being used in about 600 cities worldwide and it could be coming to Delray Beach next. On June 12, Seattle-based Flexcar, a car-sharing business, made a presentation to the city commission to introduce the idea. The idea certainly has merit, said City Commissioner Woodie McDuffie. I've seen cases where I would be interested in doing it. Under Flexcar's program, which is used in 12 cities nationwide, the company parks vehicles in neighborhoods throughout a participating city, university or company. Clients must become members and make reservations online or by phone. Then the user swipes a card on an automated device on the car to open the vehicle door, Williams said. The ignition key is left inside. Vehicles in other Flexcar locations, such as the University of Florida in Gainesville, range from sport utility vehicles to minivans, sedans and sports cars, among others. Williams said 30 percent of the company's vehicles are hybrids. From Car Sharing provides flexible wheels for an urban lifestyle. It's instant-access to a network of cars throughout the city, 24 hours-a-day, paying-pertrip, without commitment or inconvenience: as EASY as hailing a cab, the FREEDOM of your own car, as AFFORDABLE as a latte, FASTER than renting, and lets you KICK the CAR HABIT 7 a daily magazine on the Web. Founded in 1996, we are a general-interest publication offering analysis and commentary about politics, news, and culture. ZIPCAR MAKES CAR SHARING SEXY, NOT SORRY. By Paul Boutin Posted Tuesday, Sept. 5, 2006 One of Zipcar's Mini offerings Carpools, hybrids, buses that run on banana peels it's too bad car sharing gets lumped in as another save-the-earth guilt trip. Here in San Francisco, a hybrid plastered with City CarShare logos is the only politically correct way to be seen behind the wheel by your poetry-slam buddies. Challenge CarShare members on their dubious eco-friendly stance (they're still driving, aren't they?) and they retreat to liberal high ground: It's a nonprofit. If only City CarShare could lose $50 million a year, it'd be as hip as public transit. The dirty secret of car sharing is that it's not just for the environmentally or economically conscious. Car sharing is the ultimate pedal-to-the-metal lifestyle option for upwardly mobile, status-conscious, free-spending yuppies like me. So far this year, I've blown close to $4,000 on Zipcar, the unabashedly for-profit counterpart to City CarShare. I joined in January when my own vehicle needed longterm repairs. After it came back from the shop, I found myself making excuses to keep renting Zipcars instead. What is Car Sharing? Car-sharing is a service that provides members with access to a fleet of vehicles on an hourly basis. TCRP Report 108 Car sharing, essentially short-term car rental, has true believers praising its cost-effectiveness and convenience. December 25, 2006 U.S. News & World Report. several major rental-car companies have joined the car-sharing movement by offering rentals by the hour at select location, and opening more neighborhood locations near mass-transit stops and major employers. The hourly rentals are a good option for families who need the occasional second car. Sept Alaska Airlines Magazine. the missing link in neighborhood transit systems because, sometimes, you just need a car. May 2002 Seattle Times 8 An alternative to car ownership that provides convenience, control, cost effectiveness, and benefits the community Convenience Multiple cars conveniently parked in reserved neighborhood parking spaces Most are walking distance to home, work, or public transportation and available 24/7 Control Members select the car that best fits their need (hybrid sedans, SUVs, convertibles) Easy to use web-based (or phone) system Members reserve vehicles for 30 minutes to several days at a time Cost effectiveness $9/hour includes gas, insurance, maintenance, parking; $60/day No hidden charges Members cite savings of $200-$500 dollars/month Community Reduces traffic by removing 1 out of every 14 vehicles from the road Helps reduce emissions and fuel consumption Car-sharing in the United States 18 Organizations in the United States (as of January, 2007) 3,637 Vehicles 134,094 members Zipcar and Flexcar, the 2 private, national, for-profit companies merged November 2007 Growing in popularity Membership and revenues have doubled annually since 1998 Average Age: 30 to 40 years (21-75 are typical limits) Transit, bike & carpool commuters who live and/or work in the city Well-educated Socially, Financially and Environmentally Conscious Source: TRB / TCRP Carsharing Where and How It Succeeds Where? Large metro areas and university campuses NYC, LA, Washington DC, Philadelphia, Boston, Seattle, San Francisco, Atlanta, San Diego, Portland UCLA, University of Maryland, University of Washington, Emory University, University of Portland, UCSD, Berkeley, Harvard, MIT, NYU, etc. 9 Example: University of Florida, Gainesville Sedan Hybrid Southwest Archer and North-South Drive (SHANDS Hospital and Health Services) Membership Plans On Campus UF On Campus UF Details Vehicle Locations at UF Here are the vehicle locations on UF's campus: Minivan Southwest Archer and North-South Drive (SHANDS Hospital and Health Services) Sedan Hybrid University Avenue and Buckman Sedan University Avenue and Buckman Utility Vehicle Inner Road and Route 441 (College of Art) Pickup Truck Inner Road and Route 441 (College of Art) Minivan Museum Drive and Center Road (Reitz Student Union) Sedan Hybrid Museum Drive and Center Road (Reitz Student Union) Vehicle Options New, reliable, fuel efficient Gas-electric hybrids, sedans, vans, pickup trucks and AWD vehicles Professionally cleaned and maintained 24x7 roadside & on-call assistance 10 How does Car-sharing Work? Web Reservations NEW HOMEPAGE 11 Web Reservations Web Reservations 12 Web Reservations How Much Does it Cost? Hourly Rates $8-12 Daily Rates Approximately $60 per 24-hour period Rates Include: Fuel Full insurance Cleaning, maintenance Reserved parking 24x7 on-call & roadside assistance 150 miles/day Options for Businesses: Advantage Plans (Bulk purchase reduces rate on available vehicles) Vehicle Placement Fee (Subtraction model You pay for key vehicle placement of a vehicle for your worksite and then earn back any revenue generated on the vehicle). Exclusive Use or Semi-Exclusive Use (Flat rate fee You pay for exclusive use of vehicle during specific times) 13 Private Benefits of Car-sharing Individuals $$$ Cost Savings $$$ Flexibility, choice of vehicles Greater mobility Healthier, lower stress lifestyle Institutions $$$ Cost Savings $$$ Reduced parking demand (14 fewer spaces!) Reduced administrative burden Employee benefit More Benefits Transportation System Increased transit ridership More bicycling and walking Reduced parking congestion 70% lower VMT for members Improved mobility for formerly transit-dependent (costs less than ownership, but $9/hour discourages excessive driving) Community and Environment 14 fewer cars! (source: TRB Report #108) Can cut developers parking requirements Less congestion; lower emissions; cleaner air Members Walking Around Money helps local businesses 14 Service Models Options for Florida Car-sharing for Individuals and Businesses Transit Tie-ins: Gap Filler Universities & Hospitals Public and private fleet replacement Universities and Hospitals Campus Car Program Compliments TDM strategy Reduces traffic and parking demands Reduced cost relative to adding more parking Land available for more productive uses Improves Neighborhood relations Kick starts community carsharing Demonstrates university commitment to innovation and the environment 15 Public and Private Fleets 1. 30%+ savings, vs. owned fleets 2. Decreased parking demand (e.g City Car Sharing cars are used by the community, too) 3. Supports employees transit ridership 4. City partners with the community 5. Many precedents Cities, Counties, and State offices Developers, Condo Associations & Commercial Building Managers Reduce demand for parking Earn LEED points Residential or commercial building amenity More $ available for resident to spend on housing 16 Car-sharing and Florida Why car-sharing will work in Florida: Increases in High Density Residential and Commercial Development Improves public transit and pedestrian environment; opportunity for individuals to reduce vehicle ownership Part time residents Several universities, walkable downtowns, business parks near transit Startup barrier: Achieving a sustainable scale quickly Upshot: Pace of implementation is dependent on progressive community and a few innovative leaders, stakeholders and agencies. How is Car-sharing Different than a Rental? Convenient: automated; self-service; immediate; no lines or paperwork Decentralized: many vehicles, distributed across a region Incremental: pay-as-you-drive; by the day or by the hour Predictable: rates include everything; no surprise charges Transformative: when combined with transit for commuting, it s a viable substitute for private vehicle ownership 17 Some Stats: 1 shared car replaces 14 individually owned cars Members giving up a car when they join - 15% Members not buying a new one because they joined - 25% Car Sharing increases transit usage: Members using Transit MORE - 27% Members using Transit LESS - 7% Trips made by transit Before joining - 35% Trips made by transit AFTER joining - 53% Car Sharing increases other forms of travel: Members biking/blading MORE - 25% Members biking/blading LESS - 8% People drive less: Ave. driving reduction, former Car owner - 72% Ave. driving reduction, all car sharing members - 55%+ 18 In Conclusion: Car-sharing: Reduces the need for parking Reduces traffic/congestion Reduces transportation costs for low income residents Increases job access Reduces pollution through the use of new, efficient, often hybrid vehicles Provides transportation for missing markets or part time residents: boaters, tourists, snowbirds, splitters. Provides the use of a variety of vehicles Provides a more economical operation of fleets Provides supplemental transportation to transit Provides an additional draw to a community and provides more dollars spent in the community and not on transportation Builds business in downtowns. 19 For more information General Car Sharing Information Dave Brook, founder Carsharing Portland, USA's first car share Zipcar World Car Share Consortium Arlington, VA information on car sharing program 20
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