Cooperation Programme Interreg V-A Slovenia-Hungary for the programme period Version 1.3_18 September PDF

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Cooperation Programme Interreg V-A Slovenia-Hungary for the programme period Version 1.3_18 September 2015 page 1 CCI Title 2014TC16RFCB053 INTERREG V-A Slovenia-Hungary Version Final version
Cooperation Programme Interreg V-A Slovenia-Hungary for the programme period Version 1.3_18 September 2015 page 1 CCI Title 2014TC16RFCB053 INTERREG V-A Slovenia-Hungary Version Final version 1.3, September 2015 First Year 2014 Last year 2020 Eligible from Eligible until EC decision number No C(2015)6551 EC decision date 18 September 2015 MS amending decision number MS amending decision date MS amending decision entry into force date NUTS regions covered by the cooperation programme HU222 Vas, HU223 Zala, SI031 Pomurska, SI032 Podravska page 2 Contents LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS SECTION 1: Strategy for the cooperation programme s contribution to the Union Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and the achievement of economic, social and territorial cohesion Strategy for the cooperation programme s contribution to the Union Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and the achievement of economic, social and territorial cohesion Justification for the choice of thematic objectives and corresponding investment priorities, having regard to the Common Strategic Framework, based on an analysis of the needs within the programme area as a whole and the strategy chosen in response to such needs, addressing, where appropriate, missing links in cross- border infrastructure, taking into account the results of the ex-ante evaluation Justification of the financial allocation SECTION 2: PRIORITY AXES A.1/P1 Priority Axis A.2/P1 Justification for the establishment of a priority axis covering more than one thematic objective (where applicable) A.3/P1 Fund and calculation basis for Union Support A.4/P1/6c Investment priority 6c A.1/P2 Priority Axis A.2/P2 Justification for the establishment of a priority axis covering more than one thematic objective (where applicable) A.3/P2 Fund and calculation basis for Union Support A.4/P2/11 Investment priority B.1/P3 Priority Axis B.2/P3 Fund and calculation basis for Union Support B.3/P3 Specific objectives and expected results B.6/P3 Categories of intervention SECTION 3: FINANCING PLAN Financial appropriation from the ERDF (in EUR) A Total financial appropriation from the ERDF and national co-financing (in EUR) B. Breakdown by priority axis and thematic objective SECTION 4: INTEGRATED APPROACH TO TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT 45 page 3 4.1. Community led local development (where appropriate) Integrated actions for sustainable urban development (where appropriate) Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) (where appropriate) Contribution of planned interventions towards macro-regional and sea basin strategies, subject to the needs of the programme area as identified by the relevant Member States and taking into account, where applicable, strategically important projects indentified in those strategies (where appropriate) SECTION 5: IMPLEMENTING PROVISIONS FOR THE COOPERATION PROGRAMME Relevant authorities and bodies Procedure for setting up the joint secretariat Summary description of the management and control arrangements Apportionment of liabilities among the participating Member States in case of financial corrections imposed by the managing authority or the Commission Use of the Euro (where applicable) Involvement of partners SECTION 6: COORDINATION SECTION 7: REDUCTION OF ADMINISTRATIVE BURDEN FOR BENEFICIARIES SECTION 8: HORIZONTAL PRINCIPLES Sustainable development Equal opportunities and non-discrimination Equality between men and women SECTION 9: SEPARATE ELEMENTS Major projects to be implemented during the programming period Performance framework of the cooperation programme Relevant partners involved in the preparation of the cooperation programme Applicable programme implementation conditions governing the financial management, programming, monitoring, evaluation and control of the participation of third countries in transnational and interregional programmes through a contribution of ENI and IPA resources ANNEXES page 4 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AA BWG CA CF CP CPR Danube Programme EARDF EC EGTC EIB ems EMFF ERDF ESF ESI Funds ETC EUSDR FLC GDP GoA GODC HIT IP JS MA MC NA NUTS PP PR Audit Authority Bilateral Working Group Certifying Authority Cohesion Fund Cooperation Programme Common Provisions Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 December 2013 Danube Transnational Programme European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development European Commission European Grouping for territorial cooperation European Investment Bank Electronic Monitoring System developed by INTERACT European Maritime and Fisheries Fund European Regional Development Fund European Social Fund European Structural and Investment Funds European Territorial Cooperation EU Strategy for Danube Region First Level Control Gross Domestic Product Group of Auditors Government Office for Development and European Cohesion Policy, Slovenia INTERACT Harmonized Programme Implmentation Tools Investment Priority Joint Secretariat Managing Authority Monitoring Committee National Authority Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics Project Partner Project Progress Report page 5 RTD SA SEA SFC2014 SO SPO TA TO Research, Technology and Development Situation Analysis Strategic Environmental Assessment Shared Fund Management Common System Specific Objective Széchenyi Programme Office, Hungary Technical Assistance Thematic Objective page 6 1. SECTION 1: Strategy for the cooperation programme s contribution to the Union Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and the achievement of economic, social and territorial cohesion (Reference: Article 27(1) of Regulation (EU) No 1303/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council and point (a) of Article 8(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1299/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council) 1.1 Strategy for the cooperation programme s contribution to the Union Strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth and the achievement of economic, social and territorial cohesion Introduction As declared in the preamble of the ETC Regulation, the cross-border cooperation is meant to tackle common challenges identified jointly in the border region and aim to exploit the untapped growth potential in the area, while enhancing the cooperation process for the overall harmonious development of the Union. The preparation of the Cooperation Programme was assigned to the Task Force composed of national, regional and local level representatives of the two cooperating Member States. In developing the strategy, the Task Force considered the policy framework provided by the European, national and regional development strategies, the characteristics of the programme area, the experiences of the previous programme periods and the opinion of the stakeholders collected through dedicated events and activities. The Cooperation Programme Interreg V-A Slovenia-Hungary is the continuation of a cooperation process which started in the middle of the 90s under trilateral and bilateral compositions (Austria- Slovenia-Hungary, Slovenia-Hungary-Croatia, and Slovenia-Hungary Cross-Border Cooperation Programmes). This long tradition in CBC programmes resulted in an accumulation of valuable experiences regarding the EU territorial cooperation between the management bodies but also among relevant stakeholders from the two countries, which is taken into consideration by the current programme Policy framework of the Programme In developing the content of the Cooperation Programme, the following European, national and regional level strategic documents were taken into consideration: European level Europe 2020 Danube Strategy National and regional level Partnership Agreement Slovenia Slovenian Development Strategy National Reform Programme Slovenia National Reform Programme Slovenia Operational Programme for the Implementation of the EU Cohesion Policy Slovenia Regional Development Programme Pomurje Region draft Regional Development Programme Podravje Region - draft The Partnership Agreement Hungary first National Reform Programme of Hungary National Development and Regional Development Concept 2020 (OFTK) Hungary Regional Development Plan for Zala county page 7 Regional Development Concept Vas county Cooperation Programme Interreg V-A Slovenia-Hungary Analysis of the Programme area In order to have a solid basis for the definition of the strategy of the programme, a Situation Analysis was prepared revealing the main characteristics of the area in terms of accessibility, environment, social situation, economic situation and tourism. The analysis of the programme area is based on this document, highlighting the most important aspects from cross-border point of view. Geography of the programme area The programme area includes the following eligible NUTS3 regions (Commission Implementing Decision 2014/388/EU): Podravje and Pomurje regions in Slovenia Vas and Zala counties in Hungary The territory of the Slovenia-Hungary border region covers 10,658 km 2 in total, 2/3 rd of the area belongs to the Hungarian, 1/3 rd to the Slovenian border region, divided by a border of 102 km in length. The programme area occupies the north-eastern part of Slovenia and south-western extremity of Hungary. Geographically the region is characterized mainly by alternating flat and hilly areas. Environment and energy 1. Map: Programme area Source: own edition The programme area is very rich in environmental resources and natural values: it has a diverse flora and fauna resulting in high biodiversity to be protected and managed within national parks, nature parks and numerous protected areas and Natura 2000 areas. The most important nature park in the programme area is the trilateral Goričko (SI) Őrség (HU) Raab (AT) Nature Park, unique for its crossborder character offering insights to a prehistoric urn burial culture and later on settled by Romans, Slavs, Germans, Hungarians and Turks. There are other well-known and appreciated areas, as Írottkő Nature Park and Šturmovci Nature Park. The rates of NATURA2000 areas calculated based on the total territory are below the national averages except Pomurje (37.2%). Podravje has the least of its territory classified as protected, only 6.2% enjoying this status, compared to 31% Slovenian national average. In Hungary, the national average of protected areas is 15%, Vas county being close to this value with 14.2%, while Zala county is considerably lagging behind with 6.7%.1 Nevertheless, the region is acknowledged for its natural beauties (besides the big spots mentioned above there are other attractive 1 Rate of protected area compared to the territory of the region 2008, Source EUROSTAT page 8 areas, too, e.g. Mura-mente Protected Landscape Area, Balaton Uplands National Park, Kis-Balaton, a huge wetland bird habitat) providing excellent opportunities for green tourism. The existence of protected areas may generate conflicts between land-users and the need for environment protection, since the protected status imposes some limitations in terms of agricultural or other types of land exploitation. As much of the protected areas are in agro-rural regions, the awareness raising on the importance of environmental protection and the support in identifying sustainable economic alternatives to intensive land usage is important. The programme area is crossed by several important rivers (Mura, Drava, Zala and Raba) and contains parts of the south-western shores of Lake Balaton. These rivers are not directly crossing the border between the two countries, but they are all originating from the area of Austrian Alps, their river basins being closely connected also on cross-border scale. Besides being a valuable source of fresh water they serve as important wetland habitats. Although this valuable natural heritage has been addressed by the Priority Axis 2 (Sustainable Development) of OP SI-HU , in order to be further preserved and promoted new and novel measures are necessary, both in nature conservation and visitor service development. On the other hand these rivers constitute also a threat in terms of floods (due also to climate change) calling for increased joint efforts in risk prevention and civil protection through continuing cooperation of relevant partners in the programme area. The Region is rich in thermal and mineral waters. They are intensively used for energy generation and tourism purposes, the thermal waters being one of the main assets the biggest tourist centers are built upon (e.g. Zalakaros, Sárvár, Moravske Toplice, Murska Sobota). In terms of energy efficiency and renewable energies, no regional data are available, therefore this sector can be analysed only based on country level statistics. According to the latest EUROSTAT data, the energy intensity (the ratio between the gross inland consumption of energy and the GDP) was 256.6% in Hungary and 225.8% in Slovenia in 2013, thus the energy consumption of the two countries economies was much higher than the EU28 average (141.6%). The improvement of total energy efficiency (industry, transport, households) of Slovenia, measured by energy efficiency index ODEX in the period from 2000 to 2010 has been 18.2% or 2.0%/year. The improvement of energy efficiency in Slovenia was higher than the energy efficiency of EU-27 average, which was 11.5% or 1.2%/year. 2 Between 1998 and 2010 the global energy efficiency of final consumers in Hungary, as measured from the decrease of the global index (ODEX) improved by 17%, against 14% for the EU as a whole. Most of the efficiency improvements were registered in the industrial and transport sectors, since the energy efficiency of households improved only a bit. There is a large variety of potential renewable energy sources (wind, solar, geothermic, biomass, biogas and hydro-power) in the Region. The share of renewable energies in gross final energy consumption is high in Slovenia (21.5%) exceeding the EU28 average value (15%), while Hungary (9.8%) lags behind in this respect. Thanks to the relatively high proportion of local renewable energy production, energy dependency of Slovenia (47.1%) is lower than the EU28 average, while the Hungarian economy (with 52.3% dependency indicator) relies more upon imports in order to meet its energy needs similarly to the entire EU (53,2%). Nevertheless, due to recent developments in the international context and challenges imposed by the climate change, the identification and exploitation of the renewable energy potential could be an option to contribute to achieve energy self-sufficiency for the Region. Based on the above, environment and natural biodiversity are increasingly important issues in the programme area. Coordinated actions would need joint management measures, which necessitates strengthened institutional cooperation among relevant stakeholders. Stakeholder consultations emphasized that nor the level neither the effectiveness of the current cooperation is sufficient, better results could be expected only from continuous and stabilized institutional relations, harmonized regulations on cross-border level. Main needs and challenges There is a need for cooperation in the field of cross-border environmental protection There is a need for joint awareness raising and actions on reconciling various environmental interests in the area (agriculture, tourism, nature conservation and cultural heritage) in order to 2 Monitoring of EU and national energy efficiency targets. Jožef Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, page 9 protect biodiversity, the natural values and in the meantime use their endogenous potential in a responsible and environment-respective way There is a need for strengthened cooperation in exploiting natural values in promotion and development of new and novel forms of sustainable tourism: slower tourism close to the nature is a real development option for the less developed, rural regions of the programme area There is a need for joint measures in environmental risk management (floods, droughts, fires, etc.), in order to protect the natural environment and human habitat There is a need for increased and jointly coordinated exploration of the potential in renewable energy sources, which may identify new solutions for the energy dependency of the Region and contribute to the efforts on climate change mitigation Demography and social wellbeing There are 980,500 inhabitants living in the programme area, 55% of them in Hungary, 45% in Slovenia. The average population density 92 inhabitants/km 2 - is below the national averages in all counties/regions, except Podravje (150 inhabitants/km 2 ), which exceeds even the EU-28 average and is twice as high as in Zala county where the density is the lowest in the Region (75 inhabitants/km 2 ). The Region is characterized by negative demographic trends with relatively high natural loss and negative demographic balance due to high outmigration resulting in population decline and ageing at an accelerating rate. The decline in population is a continuous process in the last 15 years in the entire Hungarian part of the programme area and in the majority of the Slovenian part, with the worst figures in Zala county 3.5% and Pomurje 2.8% 3. Not surprisingly, these two areas are facing the most dramatic situation in terms of the ageing index as well - Zala 145% and Pomurje 139% 4. In terms of natural loss of population, there is a sharp difference between the Slovenian and the Hungarian area. While in Podravje the natural loss reached 182 in 2012, on a descendant trend compared to 2001 (500), in Zala it was 1793, on an ascending trend from 2001 (1400) 5. These phenomena are paired with negative migration trends which seriously affect the Region. In 2012, except for Vas county, all the other parts of the programme area were having a higher number of emigrants than immigrants, with the worst situation in Pomurje region (-681) 6. In territorial structure terms, the Region is characterized by rural settlements, and most of the bigger urban centers have a peripheral location in geographic terms. In Hungary more than 95% of the settlements are rural, concentrating more than 60% of the population in villages/small towns below 5000 inhabitants. Another characteristic is the concentration of the population in the major urban centers, this concentration being the most significant in Podravje region, where more than one third of the population lives in Maribor (36%) 7. The situation is similar in Vas county where 30% of the population lives in the county capital Szombathely. Multi-ethnic population contributes to the preservation and development of the diverse cultural traditions. Slovenian and Hungarian national minorities and other ethnic groups are represented in the area. In Pomurje there is a significant number of Hungarian minorities; their traditional settlements, namely Lendava, Hodoš and Dobrovnik are bilingual areas with a wide scale of minority rights; Hungarian minorities are present in Šalovci and Moravske Toplice in greater numbers as well. The German speaking ethnic group is also significant in the Region; they are located mostly near the Austrian border, in Murska Sobota and in the Podravje region. In the Hungarian border area, the most significant minorities are the Slovenians and the German speaking groups. Slovene national minority lives in the area between Raba river to the north and the Slovene border to the south, called Raba region. Their regional center is Monošter / Szentgotthárd. Larger Roma ethnic community lives in both sides of the border. Poverty and social exclusion are crucial and highly relevant problems in these areas of Eastern Europe, mainly in the rural regions. Various socio-economic facts explain it, like poor economic background, lack of investment and employment opportunities, and as a consequence, migration of the young on the one hand, and isolation of elderly on the other. Comparing to national averages, there are less people living 3 Change of popu
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