Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction Programme in Cambodia | Disaster Risk Reduction | Emergency Management

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Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduciton (CBDRR) is a process in which at-risk communities are actively engaged in the identification, analysis, planning, monitoring and evaluation of disaster risks in order to reduce their vulnerabilities and enhance their capacities. People are at the heart of decision-making and implementation of disaster risk reduction activities. With key emphasis on capacity building and community participation, the programme includes disaster preparedness and response training at community and institutional levels, as well as mitigation activities to limit the effects of drought and flood on food security. In June 1999 the Oxfam International alliance made up of eight Oxfam affiliates implemented a Disaster Risk Reduction programme in Cambodia. The purpose was to develop the organisation's emergency preparedness and response as well as support local stakeholders in responding to emergencies and natural disasters at the national level. Under the 1999 Disaster Risk Reduction programme, Oxfam in 2003 initiated its first Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR) Project in Takéo forming a systematic framework in coping with adversity. The report includes a gender assessment of the impact of CBDRR on women in the Takéo area. The programme has also established effective working relations with a number of different organizations including government bodies, local and international NGOs.
  “Oxfam is working to build a wider institutional culture for disaster management, community preparedness and disaster response. With key emphasis on capacity building and community participation, the programme includes disaster preparedness and response training at community and institutional levels, as well as mitigation activities to limit the effects of drought and ood on food security. The programme has also established effective working relations with a number of different organisations including government bodies, local and international NGOs.” “  GgÁkarGukhVam (Oxfam) kM BugeFI  VkaredI m,I ksagvb,Fm sM rab;karRKb;RKg eRKaHmhnþray karRbugeRbobrbs;shKmn ni gkareqø I ytbcM eBaHeRKaHmhnþray. CamYykarkt;smÁal;  d¾ sM xan;elI karksagsmtßPaB ni gkarcUlrYmrbs;shKmn_  kmµvi F rYmman karbNþ úHbNþal sþ I BI  karRbugeRboberobcM   ni gkareqø I ytbcM eBaHeRKaHmhnþray enAfñak;shKmn_  ni g fñak;sßab½ n k¾ dUcCaskmµPaB kat;bnßynana nw gkM Nt;nUvplb:HBal;éneRKaHraM gsÜt ni gTw kCM nn;  elI  I suvtß i PaBes,og. kmµvi FI enH k¾ )an begá I teLI gpgEdr nUvTM nak;TM ngkargarRbkbedayRbsi T§ i PaB CamYyGgÁkarepSg²mYycM nYn rYmmansßab½ n rdæ aPi )al GgÁkareRkArdæ aPi )alkñ úgRsuk ni g GnþrCati . ”   Acknowledgement  We would like to give special thanks to the Royal Cambodian Govenrment, the National Committee for Disaster Management as well as its Provincial and District agencies, and to our implementing partner NGOs Chamroen Chiet Khmer (CCK), Kratie Women’s Welfare  Association (KWWA), National Prosperity  Association (NAPA), and Partnership for Development in Kampuchea (PADEK). Content  Oxfam’s Disaster Prevention in Cambodia Disaster Risk Reduction programme Disasters Affecting Cambodia Irregular Disasters Caused by Climate ChangeChange Affecting AgricultureLivelihoods and Natural Disasters Pilot Project : Takéo Province Cambodia, a Land of many WidowsPilot Project : Takéo ProvinceWorking in the Most Affected DistrictsHow community-based disaster management was implemented in TakéoWhat the Community WantedTotal Distribution 2003 – 2006 The Community: A Pillar of Strength How We WorkHow CBDRM is Implemented in Takéo  Accountability to Beneciaries, Stakeholders and Donors Gender Equality and Disaster PreparednessScaling Up Not Giving Up on Dry Land Approach and RationaleDrought ProgrammeFlood Programme Future Plans A Brief History of Oxfam International in Cambodia Oxfam afliates and partners working in DRR in Cambodia Written by: Tul Pinkaew, Amy Glass Edited by:  Amy Glass Designed by: Dow Punpiputt Photo credits:  Jim Holmes/Oxfam (P.5,7,8,10,18,20,27,28,36,37,38), Tul Pinkaew (Cover page, P.11,12,16,17, 32), Howard Davies/Oxfam (P.8,29,37), Gavirel Langford (P.28,29), HANet (P.26) 1 2 3 578 10 111315161719 20 212324 2730 31343538 383940  Oxfam’s Disaster Prevention in Cambodia kmµviFIkarBareRKaHmhnþrayrbs;GgÁkarGuksVam enARbeTskm< úCa Cambodia remains one of the poorest countries in the world and is faced with numerous challenges in nancing, implementing its development, disaster prevention and mitigation. Due to its geographical location Cambodia is one of the most disaster-prone countries in Southeast Asia. Natural disasters such as oods along the Mekong River basin caused by monsoon and paddy elds damage by drought have always had a role in shaping the livelihood of millions in the country. In 1997 the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid Ofce Programme for Disaster Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness (DIPECHO) published a diagnostic for Cambodia recommending that the promotion of community- based approaches to risk reduction as an effective solution to managing disasters.Rural communities in Cambodia have been coping with disasters in their own ways for centuries and strengthening those traditional coping mechanisms is an efcient and effective way of mitigating risks and improving disaster preparedness.Oxfam, an international NGO with a mission to serve families in the poorest communities, is both a relief and development agency. Oxfam is committed to addressing the underlying causes and effects of poverty and vulner-ability and, therefore within its emergency mandate, is committed to disaster preparedness and mitigation. RbeTskm< úCaenAEtCaRbeTsmYykñ  úgcMeNamRbeTsRkIRkd¾ éTeTot enAkñ  úgBi PBelak ni gmankar RbQmmuxCamYyRbkYtRbECgd¾ eRcIn enAkñ  úghi rBaØb,Tan Rbti btþ i karGPi vDÆn_ rbs;xø Ün karkarBar ni g karkat;bnß yeRKaHmhnþray . edaysarEtTItaMgPUmi saRsþrbs;  xø Ün RbeTskm< úCa KWCaRbeTsmYy kñ  úgcMeNamRbeTsd¾ éTeTot enAkñ  úgtMbn;GasI uGaeKñ y_ EdlgayCYbeRKaHmhnþrayeRcInbMput . eRKaHmhnþrayFmµCati  dUcCaTw kCMnn;tambeNþayGagTenøemKgÁ  EdlbNþaledayxül;mUsug ni gkarxUcxatvalERs edaysar eRKaHraMg EtgEtmantYnaTIkñ  úgkareFV I[b:HBal; dl;karrs;enA rbs;RbCaCnrab;lannak; enAkñ  úgRbeTsenH . enAqñ aM 1997 kmµvi FIkari yal½yCMnYymnusSFm’sMrab;karkarBareRKaH mhnþray rbs;KN³kmµkar shKmn_ Gu Wru :b EdlmaneQµaHfa kmµvi FIkat;bnß y ni g karkarBar (DIPECHO)  )anecjpSay nUvlT§plvi PaKmYysMrab;RbeTskm< úCaeday)anpþl;Gnusasn_ fa karelIksÞ ÜynUvkarCYyKaMRT fñ ak;mUldæ ansMrab;karkat;bnß yeRKaH fñ ak;KWCadMeNaHRsayd¾ manRbsi T§ i PaBmYy sMrab;karRKb;RKg nUv eRKaHmhnþray .shKmn_ CnbTenARbeTskm< úCa)anni gkMBugCYbRbTHeRKaHmhnþray enAkñ  úgCIvPaBrs;enApÞal;rbs;BYkeKrab;stvtSr_ mkehIy ni g karBRgw gnUvynþkarkarBartamEbbRbéBNI KWCavi FIsaRsþd¾ man Rbsi T§ i PaB ni g suBlPaBmYy dl;karkarkat;bnß yeRKaHfñ ak;nana ni gdl;kareFV I[RbesI IreLIg nUvkarkarBareRKaHmhnþray . GuksVam EdlCaGgÁkareRkArdæ aPi )alGnþrCati mYy manebskkmµ  edIm,IbMerIRKYsarTaMgLaykñ  úg shKmn_ RkIRkbMput KWCaPñ ak;garTaMg Epñ kseRgÁaH ni gGPi vDÆn_ . GuksVam ebþCJark[eXIj nUvbuBVehtu  sMxan;² ni gplb:HBal;énPaBRkIRk ni gPaBgayrgeRKaH ehIy ehtudUecñ HenAkñ  úgGaNtþ i bnÞan;rbs;xø Ün GuksVam)anebþCJacMeBaHkar karBarni gkarkat;bnß yeRKaHmhnþray . 1
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