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Transgender Luxembourg Context ANNOUNCEMENT International Scientific Congress Gender Normativity and its Effects on Childhood and Adolescence Under the Patronage of M. Mars di Bartolomeo, Minister of Health
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Transgender Luxembourg Context ANNOUNCEMENT International Scientific Congress Gender Normativity and its Effects on Childhood and Adolescence Under the Patronage of M. Mars di Bartolomeo, Minister of Health September 24 th 29 th, 2012 Luxembourg Beginning before birth, gender norms influence us throughout our lives. These norms are reflected in our behaviours and social interactions. Starting in childhood, gender norms are communicated via a wide range of individuals and structures including parents and other family members, schools and peer groups. Young people are encouraged to engage in behaviour corresponding to typical gender roles. Those who do not present the desired behaviours are often corrected, if not sanctioned, for their own sake. It must be considered, however, that others decide what is best for them not youth themselves. To justify their transmission of gender norms, parents and others most often indicate fear of exclusion or discrimination directed towards a gender non-conforming child. In this way, parents and other guardians are involved in stabilizing a system of exclusion and discrimination in that they do not challenge gender norms, but also because they react by correcting and sanctioning gender non-conforming behaviours. Within this context, certain questions arise: To what extent do these norms constitute a necessary or appropriate frame for raising young people? What are the effects of gender norms on girls, boys and other youth? These other children, largely invisible, are often ignored within their own families, among peers and in school systems. These issues introduce additional questions: To what extent should youth be free to express their own identities? How might we help parents to support their gender-variant children and what roles might systems of education and child rearing play? What ethical issues do professionals ask themselves when they work with gender-variant young people? Which norm-diverging behaviours are pertinent to psychiatry? It is clear that these questions about the necessity and relevance of the content and implementation of gender norms extend beyond the individual level, and should take into account societal dimensions. The vulnerability of youth is especially important here. Until now, discursive efforts to justify the enforcement of traditional gender norms have been typically based on an alleged binary with two clearly differentiated complementary biological sexes. It is assumed that people take on both a social gender role and a distinct, culturally influenced gender identity based on biological sex characteristics. As a consequence, gender norms are explained via biology, and gender specific child rearing is understood to be necessary for healthy psychosocial development. Thus, an additional issue to consider is what it means when biological features that have been considered by the collective conscience to be nearly unchangeable continue to be among the fundamental principles of social and societal systems. Kongress 2012 Seite 1 These assumed sex and gender binaries - and all that come with them - have been raised to norms that are considered universal and are involved in shaping the entire socio-cultural system. Particular attention must be paid to the fields of law and medicine two professional domains that are granted social power and authority and are themselves involved in correcting deviations and stabilizing norms. A glance at the everyday situation in Luxemburg and in other western European countries paints a picture of plurality. Single parent families, children of divorced parents, patchwork families, same sex parents, transgender parents and transgender children are not exceptions; they should instead be understood as parts of a changing, varied and multi-faceted normative spectrum. The increasingly apparent gap between accepted norms around sex, gender and sexuality on the one side, and the plurality of different ways of living on the other, could be resolved by softening the rigidity of gender norms. Correction and sanctioning could be replaced with respect for and recognition of others and other ways of being. Social exclusion and discrimination would be abolished by integration. Deviating from norms would no longer be devalued or considered taboo, and would instead be valued and incorporated as variations in a diverse society. This would all help guide us to better understand the continuum of behaviours across gender roles and gender identities beyond feminine and masculine and to open new spaces for both young people and adults. These developments should not be limited to the areas of gender and sexuality; they should also be applied to aspects of class, race/ethnicity, disability and age dimensions that also lead to social exclusion and discrimination. Conference Aims This conference will examine, above all, gender norms and their manifestations during development and education. Gender non-conforming youth and children of gender non-conforming parents remain at the core of this debate. Issues surrounding sexual orientation will be an additional focus. The conference will also critically explore ideas about what is best for a child, who defines this best and who knows what is best. In addition, the conference will provide space for a result-oriented debate about how to improve familial and social incorporation of gender non-conforming youth into prevailing gender norms. It will consider ways to expand the spectrum of recognition regarding variability across biological sex, gender identities, social roles and sexual orientations, as well the ways in which they all interact. Discourse about gender equality has focused primarily on people who exist within the binary and polarized feminine masculine gender norms. Thus, the diversity of gender identities is not discussed. Given this backdrop, another goal of the conference is to expand the discussion about gender equality to include youth who evade prevailing gender norms. Results and conclusions from the conference will help to provide possible solutions for improving equality, especially in the realms of formal and informal education. The conference will provide both a space for professionals working on issues of sex and/or gender to exchange information and experience, and a forum for family members of gender variant children, but it will also be accessible and open for a wider audience. The conference offers profession-specific workshops and workshops for parents and youth. s and developments with regards to good practices will be a focus of the conference. Intersex issues will also be addressed via lectures and training programs for midwives, a range of doctors and psychologists as well as via a film on intersexuality with a post-film discussion where representatives of the political parties in Luxemburg will be present. The conference is complete with a short film program developed especially for this event. The end of the conference will be reserved for youth; it will provide them with an opportunity to engage with the topic of gender norms creatively and in interaction with one another. Kongress 2012 Seite 2 Mittwoch, 26. September 2012: Opening event at the Abbaye de Neumünster, Luxembourg Welcoming Rolf TARRACH, President of the University of Luxembourg Christel BALTES-LÖHR, Gender representative of the University of Luxembourg Erik SCHNEIDER, spokesperson of Transgender Luxemburg Jean-Paul LEHNERS, historian, Research Unit: IPSE (Identités. Politiques. Sociétés. Espaces), holder of the UNESCO Chair on Peace and Human Rights, University of Luxemburg Gender Identities and Human Rights Charles GOERENS, Member of the European Parliament, Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (tbc) Eric FASSIN, sociologist, professor at the University of Paris 8, researcher at the Institute of Interdisciplinary Research on Social Issues (Social Sciences, Politics and Health) (IRIS), France, fr* The Sexual Continuum and its Categorisations: From Social Norms to Scientific Representations and Back Debate PLENARY SESSIONS at the Abbaye de Neumünster, Luxembourg Thursday, September 27th, 2012 PLENARY SESSION 1: Gender Normativity and Biology Chair Evelyne PEYRE, biologist, paleo-anthropologist, Laboratory: Ecological Anthropology and Ethnobiology, Muséum national d histoire naturelle, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France, fr* 9h30-10h15 10h15-11h00 11h00-11h15 11h15-12h00 12h00-12h30 12h30-14h30 Genes, Sexual Dimorphism and Behaviour François TRONCHE, biologist, Research Unit: Molecular Genetics, Neurophysiology and Behavior, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France, fr* Sexualizing Anatomy Sylvie DEPLUS, hospital practitioner in ophthalmology and associate professor in anatomy, University of Paris Diderot-Paris 7, France, fr* The Biological Conceptualisation of the Body in Encyclopaedias for Children Christine DETREZ, assistant professor in sociology, École normale supérieure de Lyon, France, fr* Lead by Joëlle WIELS, biologist, geneticist, Laboratory: Signaling, nuclei and innovations in oncology, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France, fr* PLENARY SESSION 2: Gender Normativity and Becoming an Adult Chair Claus VÖGELE, psychologist, Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education, University of Luxemburg Kongress 2012 Seite 3 14h30-15h15 15h15-16h00 16h00-16h15 16h15-17h00 17h00-18h00 18h30 The Importance of the Quality of Bonding between Parents and Children for Development Karin WEYER, psychologist, KaSu-Institut, Luxemburg, de* Sex Inequalities: How to sensitize? Cendrine MARRO, psychologist, lecturer, University of Paris Ouest, Nanterre-La Défense, France, fr* Transgender Children: The Epistemology of their Closets Natacha KENNEDY, former primary school teacher, lecturer at Goldsmiths College, University of London, United Kingdom, en* Lead by Isabelle COLLET, associated professor in Education, Institut universitaire de formation des enseignants, University of Geneva, Switzerland Tour through the city of Luxemburg Friday, September 28th, 2012 PLENARY SESSION 3: Gender Normativity and Medical, Legal and Ethical Questions Chair Paul KREMER, philosopher, National Commission on Ethics, Luxemburg 9h00-9h30 9h30-10h15 10h15 10h30 10h30-11h15 An Unusual Way to Talk about Gender T. TRILLET, France, fr* Hormonal Treatment of Transsexual Adolescents Achim WÜSTHOF, paediatrist and endocrinologist, Endokrinologikum Hamburg, Germany, de* Minority and Trans-Identity under French Law Philippe REIGNÉ, professor of Law, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, France, fr* 11h15-12h00 The Protection of Intersex and Trans-Identified Children in Light of International and European Fundamental Rights Law. A Look at Luxembourgian Law Antonella SALERNO, doctor in law, partner in the law firm C&S, Cortese Salerno, International and European Law, Luxemburg, fr* 12h00-13h30 13h30-14h15 14h15-15h00 15h00-15h15 15h15-16h00 Legal and Ethical Issues regarding Medical Acts of Sexual Conformation among Minors Benjamin MORON-PUECH, doctoral student of law, University of Panthéon Assas, France, fr* Cuba: A revolution in sexualities, genders and bodies Mariela CASTRO ESPÍN, President of the National Center of Sexual Education (CENESEX), Cuba, en* Debate and Conclusions Lead by Philippe REIGNÉ, professor of Law, Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, France, fr* Christel BALTES-LÖHR, Gender Representative from the University of Luxemburg, Research Group: Gender-Studies, Research Unit: IPSE (Identités, Politiques, Sociétés, Espaces), Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education, University of Luxembourg Erik SCHNEIDER, psychiatrist and psychotherapist, Luxembourg Kongress 2012 Seite 4 17h00 20h30 Evening debate on intersex issues Languages: French/German (simultaneous translation) In cooperation with the Centre for Equal Treatment Moderator: Sonja KMEC, historian, University of Luxembourg 17h 17h30 17h30 18h 18h 19h30 19h30 20h30 Opening: Nathalie MORGENTHALER, Centre for Equal Treatment, Luxembourg Introduction by Vincent GUILLOT, trainer, social worker, spokesperson of the Organisation Intersex International (OII) for French-Speaking countries, France Debate with Claude ADAM (Déi Gréng), Marc Angel (Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Aarbechterpartei, LSAP), Jean COLOMBERA (Alternativ Demokratesch Reformpartei, ADR), Christine DÖRNER (Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei, CSV), Colette Mart (Demokratesch Partei, DP), David WAGNER (Déi Lénk) Final WORKSHOPS for specific persons and professional groups Monday, September 24 th, h00-17h30 Workshop 1 for Students and Professionals of Social Work, Law, Education or Teaching: Trans Youth and Discrimination: Are new approaches necessary? ; Language: German Organised as part of the Bachelor of Social Sciences and Education at the University of Luxembourg Charel SCHMIT, Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education, University of Luxembourg Mari GÜNTHER, social worker, systems therapist and counselor (SG), family therapist (BIF Berlin), Queer leben - Schwulenberatung Berlin, Germany Erik SCHNEIDER, psychiatrist and psychotherapist, Luxembourg Tuesday, September 25th, 2012 Location: University of Luxembourg, Walferdange Campus, Route de Diekirch, Walferdange 9h00-12h00 Workshop 2 for Child Care Professionals with a Degree in Education or Pedagogy (youth 0-12 years old); Educational opportunities for all: Girls, boys and everyone else. Educators in the field exchanging praxis-oriented experiences regarding gender and knowledge aboutgender ; Languages: German/French Christel BALTES-LÖHR, Gender Representative from the University of Luxembourg, Research Group: Gender-Studies, Research Unit: IPSE (Identités, Politiques, Sociétés, Espaces), Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education, University of Luxembourg Helene DÜRLINGER, doctoral student, Faculty of Language and Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education, University of Luxembourg 9h00-12h00 Workshop 3 for Child Care Professionals with a Degree in Education or Pedagogy (teenagers up to 18 years old) Young Transgender: Does gender identity belong to/is part of homosexuality? ; Language: French Stéphanie NICOT, certified teacher, Association Nationale Transgenre (ANT - National Transgender Association), LGBT Federation, France Kongress 2012 Seite 5 12h00-14h30 14h30 16h30 Workshop 4 for Midwives and Curative Pedagogues : Intersex, a medical emergency? The challenges of a positive announcement to parents ; Languages: French/German (simultaneous translation) In cooperation with the Association Luxembourgeoise des Sages-Femmes (ALSF) and the Association Luxembourgeoise des Pédagogues Curatifs Opening : Marie Anne RODESCH-HENGESCH, ombudswomen for Children s Rights Vincent GUILLOT, trainer, social worker, spokesperson of the Organisation Intersex International (OII) for French-Speaking countries, France 14h30-17h00 Workshop 5 for Teachers from Preschool, and Primary and Secondary Schools: The sciences are for boys, the arts are for girls: Are other orientations possible? ; language: French In cooperation with Cid-femmes, women s library and center of resources Isabelle COLLET, associated professor in Education, Institut universitaire de formation des enseignants, University of Geneva, Switzerland 14h30-17h00 Workshop 6 for Teachers from Preschool, and Primary and Secondary Schools: Bullying, Homo- and Transphobia at school ; language: French This workshop will be organised in cooperation with the Institute for Continuing Education - Service de la Recherche et de l innovation pédagogique et technologique (SCRIPT) Stéphanie NICOT, certified teacher, Association Nationale Transgenre (ANT - National Transgender Association), LGBT Federation, France 17h30 19h00 Workshop 7 for Parents: My Child is Different: From Initial Reactions to Supporting the Child ; Languages: French/German In cooperation with the école des parents J. Korczak Opening: Jeannine SCHUMANN, coordinator of the école des parents J. Korczak Karin WEYER, psychologist, KaSu-Institut, Luxembourg Vincent GUILLOT, trainer, social worker, former spokesperson of the Organisation Intersex International (OII), France 17h30 19h00 Workshop 8 for Parents: Alternative parenthoods in a transsexual context: How do children grow up in the light of shifting gender identities? What stabilizes whom, and how much stabilization is needed? Language: German/French Mari GÜNTHER, social worker, systems therapist and counselor (SG), family therapist (BIF Berlin), Queer leben - Schwulenberatung Berlin, Germany Sara PLEGER, Transgender Luxembourg Kongress 2012 Seite 6 Wednesday, September 26th, h00-13h00 Workshop 9 for Psychologists; Language: French With the support of the Société luxembourgeoise de psychologie (SLP) How to De-Dramatise the Experiences of Intersex Persons? Vincent GUILLOT, trainer, social worker, spokesperson of the Organisation Intersex International (OII) for French-Speaking countries, France Trans Identities among Youth between 10 and 20 Years Old Tom REUCHER, clinical psychologist, specialized in working with trans-identified and intersex persons, France 19h00-21h00 Workshop 10 for Youth years old: Self-Defence: a Gender Issue? ; Languages: French/German Pol GODINHO, assistant instructor for children and adolescents at the KARATE CLUB DE HESPERANGE Location: Jugendtreff Hesper, 365, rte de Thionville, L-5885 Hesperange Friday, September 28th, h00-21h00 Workshop 11 for Youth years old: Gender and Thai boxing Languages: French/German Miki VUJOVIC, street worker and project coordinator for Streetsport Location: Jugendtreff Hesper, 365, rte de Thionville, L-5885 Hesperange Saturday, September 29th, h00-17h00 9h00-09h15 09h15-10h00 10h00-10h45 10h45-11h30 11h30-13h00 13h00-13h45 13h45-14h30 14h30-15h00 15h00-16h45 15h45-17h00 Workshop 12 for Medical Doctors: Gender Normativity and Gender Identity ; Languages: French/German (simultaneous translation) Moderation: Joëlle WIELS, biologist, geneticist, Laboratory: Signaling, nuclei and innovations in oncology, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France, fr* Opening Trans-Identified Minors and Medical Treatment Problematic Issues Erik SCHNEIDER, psychiatrist and psychotherapist, Luxembourg, de* Anatomically corret? Evelyne PEYRE, biologist, paleo-anthropologist, Laboratory: Ecological Anthropology and Ethnobiology, Muséum national d Histoire naturelle, National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), France, fr* Civil Responsibility of Doctors and Treatment of Trans-Identified Persons: The example of the French legal system Philippe REIGNÉ, professor of Law, Conservatoire National des Arts et Métiers, France, fr* Diagnosis and Treatment of the phenomena of trans-identities are changes practically necessary? Cecilla DHEJNE, psychiatrists, medical sexologist, Center for Andrology and Sexual Medicin, Gender team Stockholm, Sweden, de* Genetic or biological transgender parenting: a dream or a reality? Petra de SUTTER, gynaecologist, Centre for Reproductive Medicine, Ghent Hospital, Belgium, fr* and elaboration of best practices Kongress 2012 Seite 7 Friday, October 26th, h00-18h00 Workshop 13 for Medical Doctors: Gender Normativity and Intersex Bodies ; With the support of the Representation of the European Commission in Luxembourg, Initiativ Liewensufank, Luxembourg and the Verband Intersexuelle Menschen e.v., Germany Languages: French/German (simultaneous translation) Moderation: Claudia LOHRENSCHEIT, professor in International Social Work and Human Rights, Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaften, Coburg, Deutschland 9h00 9h30 Opening Georges BINGEN, chief of the representation of the European Commission in Luxembourg Maryse ARENDT, Project Head, Initiativ Liewensufank Lucie VEITH, President of the Verband Intersexuelle Menschen e.v., Germany 9h30 10h00 Introduction Erik SCHNEIDER, psychiatrist and
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