An Orchard Invisible: A Natural History of Seeds | Evolution | Natural History

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The story of seeds, in a nutshell, is a tale of evolution. From the tiny sesame that we sprinkle on our bagels to the forty-five-pound double coconut borne by the coco de mer tree, seeds are a perpetual reminder of the complexity and diversity of life on earth. With An Orchard Invisible, Jonathan Silvertown presents the oft-ignored seed with the natural history it deserves, one nearly as varied and surprising as the earth’s flora itself. Beginning with the evolution of the first seed plant from fernlike ancestors more than 360 million years ago, Silvertown carries his tale through epochs and around the globe. In a clear and engaging style, he delves into the science of seeds: How and why do some lie dormant for years on end? How did seeds evolve? The wide variety of uses that humans have developed for seeds of all sorts also receives a fascinating look, studded with examples, including foods, oils, perfumes, and pharmaceuticals. An able guide with an eye for the unusual, Silvertown is happy to take readers on unexpected—but always interesting—tangents, from Lyme disease to human color vision to the Salem witch trials. But he never lets us forget that the driving force behind the story of seeds—its theme, even—is evolution, with its irrepressible habit of stumbling upon new solutions to the challenges of life. I have great faith in a seed, Thoreau wrote. Convince me that you have a seed there, and I am prepared to expect wonders. Written with a scientist’s knowledge and a gardener’s delight, An Orchard Invisible offers those wonders in a package that will be irresistible to science buffs and green thumbs alike.
    G` Friagrc L`vlslnem2 G @gturge Alstfry fo Ymmcsny Bf`gtag` Ylevmrtfw`   ′′′ Cfw`efgc guclf nffh. ‼‼‼   Frlkl`ge Sltem2  G` Friagrc L`vlslnem LYN@2  4>>?;=;149 LYN@792  <;14>>?;=;149 Gutfr2  Bf`gtag` Ylevmrtfw` (Kffcrmgcs Gutafr)/Gjy [altmslcms ^gtl`k2  3.; fo = stgrs (7==?) ifu`ts Frlkl`ge Ofrjgt2  mnffh, Cfw`efgc Ofrjgt2  TCO, ^SO, mTun, IAJ, JT9. Tunelsamc2  Bg`ugry 7st >44< / ny ]`lvmrslty fo Ialigkf Trmss Eg`kugkm2  M`kelsa Km`rm(s)2 @f`olitlf`- 73 usmrs Yilm`im- 74 usmrs M`vlrf`jm`t 0@gturm- = usmrs  Yilm`im 0@gturge Alstfry- 3 usmrs Alstfry- 3 usmrs Kgrcm`l`k- > usmrs Cmsirlptlf`2  Sam stfry fo smmcs, l` g `utsamee, ls g tgem fo mvfeutlf`. Orfj tam tl`y smsgjm tagt wm sprl`hem f`fur ngkmes tf tam ofrty-olvm-pfu`c cfunem ifif`ut nfr`m ny tam ifif cm jmr trmm, smmcs grm gpmrpmtuge rmjl`cmr fo tam ifjpemxlty g`c clvmrslty fo elom f` mgrta. [lta G` Friagrc L`vlslnem  ,Bf`gtag` Ylevmrtfw` prmsm`ts tam fot-lk`frmc smmc wlta tam `gturge alstfry lt cmsmrvms, f`m `mgreygs vgrlmc g`c surprlsl`k gs tam mgrta“s oefrg ltsmeo. Nmkl``l`k wlta tam mvfeutlf` fo tam olrst smmc peg`t orfj omr`elhm g`imstfrs jfrm tag` 9?4 jleelf`ymgrs gkf, Ylevmrtfw` igrrlms als tgem tarfuka mpfias g`c grfu`c tam kefnm. L` g iemgr g`cm`kgkl`k styem, am cmevms l`tf tam silm`im fo smmcs2 Afw g`c way cf sfjm elm cfrjg`t ofr ymgrsf` m`c6 Afw clc smmcs mvfevm6 Sam wlcm vgrlmty fo usms tagt aujg`s agvm cmvmefpmc ofr smmcsfo gee sfrts gesf rmimlvms g ogsil`gtl`k effh, stuccmc wlta mxgjpems, l`ieucl`k offcs, fles,pmroujms, g`c pagrjgimutliges. G` gnem kulcm wlta g` mym ofr tam u`usuge, Ylevmrtfw` ls agppy tftghm rmgcmrs f` u`mxpmitmc–nut gewgys l`tmrmstl`k–tg`km`ts, orfj Eyjm clsmgsm tf aujg`ifefr vlslf` tf tam Ygemj wltia trlges. Nut am `mvmr emts us ofrkmt tagt tam crlvl`k ofrim nmal`c tamstfry fo smmcs–lts tamjm, mvm`–ls mvfeutlf`, wlta lts lrrmprmsslnem agnlt fo stujnel`k upf` `mwsfeutlf`s tf tam iageem`kms fo elom. L agvm krmgt oglta l` g smmc, Safrmgu wrftm. If`vl`im jm tagt yfu agvm g smmc tamrm, g`c L gjprmpgrmc tf mxpmit wf`cmrs. [rlttm` wlta g silm`tlst“s h`fwemckm g`c g kgrcm`mr“s cmelkat, G` Friagrc L`vlslnem   foomrs tafsm wf`cmrs l` g pgihgkm tagt wlee nm lrrmslstlnem tf silm`im nuoos g`ckrmm` taujns gelhm.  Gnfut Gutafr2  Bf`gtag` wgs nfr` g`c rglsmc l` Ef`cf` g`c als siaffenfy `gturm wgtial`k wgs cf`m walem  tghl`k ourtlvm safrt-iuts f` irfss-ifu`try ru`s girfss Agjpstmgc Amgta. Am jgcm juia ogstmrprfkrmss wam` ru``l`k ngih orfj Agjpstmgc“s nffhsafps l` tljm tf nmgt tam m`c fo eu`ia afurnmee. Als olrst silm`tloli pgpmr wgs sunjlttmc wlta g` mplkrgpa ny [getmr cm eg Jgrm walia tam mcltfrrmjfvmc wlta g s`lcm ifjjm`t, g`c mvmr sl`im Bf`gtag` ags cf`m als nmst tf alcm tam pfmtry l`als silm`tloli prfsm. L` Friagrc L`vlslnem   tam pfmt mjmrkms ngrmogimc l` tam vmry olrst el`m wlta tamwfrcs2 ―Ymmcs agvm g jlrrfrmc elom, tam frlkl`ge l` `gturm g`c g`ftamr rmoemitmc l` eltmrgturm g`c tamljgkl`gtlf`.‚  Ftamr Mcltlf`s2  - G` Friagrc L`vlslnem2 G @gturge Alstfry fo Ymmcs (Agrcifvmr) - Eg vltg smkrmtg cml smjl (Agrcifvmr)
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