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PRACTICE WITH YOUR LEARNING ASSISTANT! An object has a mass of 20.0 g. When it is submerged in a graduated cylinder initially containing 85.0 mL of water, the…
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PRACTICE WITH YOUR LEARNING ASSISTANT! An object has a mass of 20.0 g. When it is submerged in a graduated cylinder initially containing 85.0 mL of water, the water level rises to 95.0 mL. What is the density of the object in mg/dL? PRACTICE WITH YOUR LEARNING ASSISTANT! How many mL of benzene will you use in an experiment that requires 1.8 kg of the substance. The density of benzene is 0.90 g/mL? PRACTICE WITH YOUR LEARNING ASSISTANT! Assume that 1m is about 3 ft Show schematically how many square feet are in a square meter PRACTICE WITH YOUR LEARNING ASSISTANT! Now Show schematically how many cubic feet are in a cubic meter PRACTICE WITH YOUR LEARNING ASSISTANT! Calculate how many mm3 are in 20 m3? PRACTICE WITH YOUR LEARNING ASSISTANT! Calculate how many nm2 are in a 150m2? Practice Element Symbols ã 23X is which element? (Name and symbol) 11 ã Has how many neutrons? ã 212 82 X +2 ã Has how many protons, neutrons, electrons? ã 7935X‐1 ã Write the symbol that corresponds to: 26p+, 24e‐, 30n 7 Valence Electrons ã For the trace element selenium the number of valence electrons is: ã What is the number of valence electrons for: ã Phosphorus?: ã Xenon? Let’s play the element jeopardy: 1) Look at you periodic table and answer quickly and correctly: RULES: Each correct answer collects 5 points for your team. A wrong one costs your team 10! 2) Write down all the answers yours AND the correct ones and at the end hand your sheet of paper to the LA Name an alkaline earth metal that is a macronutrient and is also involved in photosynthesis: Name an alkali metal has 11 electrons when it is neutral How many valence electrons does the Li+ cation have? How many valence electrons does the element Fluorine have? How many protons does the element Gold have? Is Arsenic a metal, non‐metal or metaloid? Double jeopardy: 1) Look at you periodic table and answer quickly and correctly: RULES: Each correct answer collects 10 points for your team. A wrong one costs your team 20! 2) Write down all the answers yours AND the correct ones and at the end hand your sheet of paper to the LA How many neutrons does C‐14 have? Write down the symbol for the isotope of Plutonium with 157 neutrons. How many electrons does the element Calcium have? How many valence electrons does the element Calcium have? How many valence electrons does the Ca2+ cation have? Write down the symbol of the element with 92 protons and 143 neutrons FINAL JEOPARDY QUESTION: 3 minutes. Calculate the atomic weight of element Cl if 75% of its nuclei have 18 neutrons and 25% of its nuclei have 20 neutrons. ãPart 1 ãA teacup contains approximately 0.50 mg of gold. How many grams of gold do five teacups contain? ãPart 2 ãUsing your answer from above, how many moles of gold do five teacups contain? ãPart 1 ãA teacup contains approximately 0.50 mg of gold. How many grams of gold do five teacups contain? ãPart 2 ãUsing your answer from above, how many moles of gold do five teacups contain? Part 1 Write the formula of chlorine molecule (Lewis structure) and show what bonds are present Part 2 How many valence electrons does each atom have in bonds and lone pairs? Part 3 Does each atom have a noble gas configuration? ã What form of potassium would be found in blood? a) K b) P + c) Pt + d) K 2+ e) K+ ã What is the correct name of CaCl2? a) Calcium chloride b) Calcium dichloride c) Calcium chlorite d) Calcium dichlorite ã What is the correct way to represent calcium oxide? ã A) Ca2O ã B) CaO ã C) CaO2 ã D) CaO3 How many molecules of are in 5.3g of ammonium hydroxide? How many molecules are in 5.3g of ammonium hydroxide? Step 1: Write the molecular formula for ammonium hydroxide. Step 2: Find the molecular weight of the compound using the periodic table. Step 3: Determine the number of moles using MW and given information. Step 4: Use the number of moles to determine the number of molecules based on Avogadro’s number. How many molecules are in 5.3g of ammonium hydroxide? 1. Ammonium hydroxide: NH₄OH 2. MW of NH₄OH: ã N= 14.01 x1 → 14.01 g/mol ã H= 1.01 x4 → 4.04 g/mol ã O= 16.02 x1 → 16.02 g/mol ã H= 1.01 x1 → 1.01 g/mol 35.08 g/mol How many molecules are in 5.3g of ammonium hydroxide? # moles of NH OH= weight of sample (g) MW of NH OH (g/mol) = 0.15 mol NH OH # molecules=# mol x 6.023x1023 molecule/mol (0.1512 mol)x(6.023x1023 molecule/mol) = 9.1 x 1022molecules How many moles of lead can be found in 3 moles of lead (II) nitrate? ã Step 1: Write the formula for lead (II) nitrate. ã Step 2: Multiply the number of moles of lead in the compound (designated by the formula) by the given number of moles of compound. How many moles of lead can be found in 3 moles of lead (II) nitrate? ã Step 1 Lead (II) nitrate: Pb(NO₃)₂ ã Step 2: According to the molecular formula, there is one mole of Pb in each mole of Pb(NO₃)₂ 1mol Pb/mol Pb(NO₃)₂ x 3mol Pb(NO₃)₂ = 3 mol Pb LA activity: Stepping on a firm ground on compound formulas before moving on; The molecular mass of the compound Na2(CxOy)z is 105.96g. Based on this information, suggest a molecular formula for this compound and explain your answer. Z =1. Why? Sodium can only be Na+ (Group 1A) unless in elemental form Step 1: Write down what you know. ã MW of compound X: 105.96g/mol ã Mass of 2 moles Na: 22.99g/mol x2= 45.98g ã Mass of remaining amounts of C and O in compound X= 105.96g‐ 45.98g = 59.98g ã Molecular formula: Na₂CₓOy Step 2: Consider the possible compounds that carbon and oxygen can form to react with 2 moles of sodium using the weight as a guide. ã An unknown solid is placed on a balance and the measurement reads 5.000 grams. ã The solid is dropped into a beaker of water and the level rises from 15.0 mL to 25.0 mL. A. What is the density of the solid in g/mL? B. If the solid has a molecular weight of 15 g/mol, then how many moles of the solid are there? Question 2 Answer A. D=m/v V= (25.0 mL) – (15.0 mL) = 10.0 mL D= (5.000 g) / (10.0 mL) = 0.5 Æ 0.500 g/mL B. 5.000 g x 1 mol = 0.333 Æ 0.33 mol 15 g ã A solid is weighed at 15.00 grams ã When placed in water, part of the solid dissolves and part of the solid remains as an insoluble precipitate ã The mixture is poured through a filtering funnel and the insoluble precipitate is caught in the filter, which is then dried and weighed at 3.145 g. ã The filter paper is dried and weighed after all the solid has been transferred to a vial. It weighs 0.145 g ã What is the % by mass of the soluble portion of the original solid? Question 3 Answer 1) Mass of solid in paper is 3.145g (solid+paper) ‐0.145g (paper) = 3.000g %mass = (massx) / (masstotal) x 100 massx = (15.00 g) – (3.000 g) = 12.00 g %mass = (12.00 g) / (15.00 g) x 100 = 0.80 x 100 = 80%
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