5. Do the following: a. Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram. - PDF

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Requirement 5 5. Do the following: a. Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram. b. Draw a block diagram for a radio station that includes a transceiver, amplifier, microphone,
Requirement 5 5. Do the following: a. Explain the differences between a block diagram and a schematic diagram. b. Draw a block diagram for a radio station that includes a transceiver, amplifier, microphone, antenna, and feed line. c. Explain the differences between an open circuit, a closed circuit, and a short circuit. d. Draw eight schematic symbols. Explain what three of the represented parts do. Find three electrical components to match to three of these symbols. A block diagram, like the one below for a simple transmitter, shows the main parts of an electronic device like a transmitter, a receiver, or a transceiver. The main parts are represented by simple rectangles or blocks, so it is called a block diagram. For example, one block in the example is an oscillator, the transmitter part that creates the very fast back-and-forth alternating electrical currents as described in requirement 4. Usually the blocks in a block diagram will be connected with lines to show how the blocks are related to one another. A Simple Block Diagram of a Continuous Wave Transmitter for Sending Morse Code Schematic Diagram: Each block in a block diagram can usually be described in much more detail by a schematic diagram. A schematic diagram will show symbols of all of the individual electronic components that are connected together to build a part of the radio, or even the entire radio. The schematic diagram will show exactly how the electronic components are connected together. For example, the oscillator circuit that is represented by a block in the block diagram above is shown below in a simple schematic diagram. Another schematic diagram is also shown for a lamp dimmer control circuit. Schematic diagrams of complex devices, such as a whole transceiver, can appear very crowded and very complex! Simple Oscillator Circuit Schematic Lamp Dimmer Control Circuit Schematic Radio Station: Here is one way to show the parts of an entire radio station with a block diagram. In many modern integrated transceivers, all of the block parts shown here may be together in one unit that is generally called the transceiver. A closed circuit: Electricity flows through wires much like water flows through pipes. In a circuit the flow of electricity (or water) must travel around a closed path, like the picture below. This is called a closed circuit because the flow of current is closed within the path of the circuit. A Closed Circuit Electricity is like water flow! An open circuit is one that has a gap or a break in it, such as when a switch is turned off. In an open circuit the flow cannot continue around the path because the path is interrupted by a gap, like this. A short circuit is where the current flows in an undesired way. This may occur if two wires touch in an electric circuit when they should not touch at all. This may occur is an electrical conductor, such as a wire or other piece of metal, accidentally crosses over the circuit and creates a sort of short cut for the electric current to flow a different way, like below. With a short circuit, think short cut. Schematic Symbols are simple pictures that represent real electronic components in a schematic diagram. Here is a list of several of the most common electronic components in a radio, the schematic symbol of each, and a brief description of what each component does in an electronic circuit. You will recognize some of these symbols from the simple schematic diagrams above. Resistor Diode Capacitor Inductor Battery Resists the flow of electric current in a circuit. It is much like a blockage or narrowing of the water pipe! Allow electric current to flow only one direction in a circuit. It is like a one-way water valve, or flap valve. Stores energy in an electric field that builds up between the two sides of the capacitor when current flows. Stores energy in a magnetic field that builds up among coils of wire when current flows. Stores energy in chemical form and produces direct current voltage for a circuit. Like a water pump! Transformer Transistor Changes the voltage of electric current from one value to another, using magnetic induction between two coils of wire in the transformer. Acts like a switch or an amplifier. A little electric signal on one wire into the transistor controls the flow of a much larger current through the other two wires. Like a water valve that can vary a strong flow of water in a pipe! Lamp An electric light that uses a filament to glow when current flows through it. Light Emitting Diode (LED) Antenna Switch A semiconductor material that emits light when current flows through it. Used to emit radio waves when alternating current flows in it, or used to receive radio signals when radio waves create an electric current in it. Used to open or close an electrical circuit, in order to turn on or off a device or appliance. You can learn more about electric circuits and electronics in the HamRadioSchool.com Technician License Course book Chapters 8 and 9!
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